Laparoscopy ovarian cyst: recovery, diet, life after surgery
One of the most common transactions is laparoscopy ovarian cyst. Its principle is the following: on the surface of the abdomen are three minor incision, through which is introduced a miniature video camera and special instruments used by a surgeon to eliminate the disease. Low-impact and high efficiency can be attributed to a number of indisputable advantages of this treatment. You also can not leave without attention and the relatively short period of time required for recovery after laparoscopy ovarian cyst.
Preparations before surgery
Preparation involves tests that are considered necessary by the attending physician. But usually a standard list as follows:
- a swab from the genitals for the establishment of flora;
- blood tests (glucose, coagulation, AIDS, hepatitis,
- infectious diseases, blood group).
Along with all the tests, the patient still must undergo ultrasound, x-ray examination, electrocardiogram.
More training is required the day before surgery. It is for enemas and laxatives. Also on the eve of laparoscopy is necessary to reduce the amount of fluids and food. The last meal is allowed in 19 o’clock in the evening the day before surgery. The water is allowed to drink until 22 PM. After that, the use of any food or liquid is prohibited until the time of the laparoscopy.
An important phase, which includes preparation for surgery, is the anesthesiologist. In accordance with the characteristics of the patient, the specialist picks up any anesthesia.
Can be chosen General, conduction or local anesthesia. If the patient has severe arrhythmia, myocarditis, reduced contractile function of the heart, coronary artery disease or severe dehydration, further evaluation is needed before you decide which anesthesia will be most appropriate.
It is understood that the main purpose of anesthesia is to protect the human body from surgical trauma. Anesthesia is not only analgesic, but also ensures the safety of the patient during the surgical process.
After you have passed the tests and completed all the tests, the doctor decides when to perform the surgery.
The process of laparoscopy
The operation itself consists of two stages. The first is the study of the affected area, and the second emptying of the cyst with subsequent excision of the tissues, which were susceptible to pathological changes.
For surgery to remove the right or left ovary is most often used General anesthesia. When the patient is in the operating Department, on her arm, installing the intravenous catheter through which will supply the necessary drugs. After the anesthesia, the stomach and the crotch region is treated with a disinfectant solution. Optionally installed urinary catheter.
The surgeon makes 3 puncture (1.5 cm each) in the abdomen, then the abdomen is filled with gas. This allows you to shift the intestine, opening access to the sexual organs of women. The generated holes are introduced all the tools needed to perform the operation. Due to the used in the process of operating the camera, the image fails to display and accurately determine the degree of tissue damage. Focusing on the image that is presented on the monitor, the surgeon performs surgery. A cyst of the left or right ovary is removed using appropriate tools, without injury to healthy tissue.
And in the end, the surgeon starts suturing the damaged tissue. The operated area is closed with a sterile bandage. In rare cases, after surgery to remove the cysts right or left ovary establish a special drainage tube. She left for the day and this doctor definitely will inform you.
The duration of the operation is usually about 15 minutes. But if considered together with the preparatory activities, including the anesthesia, this process can take three hours.
Laparoscopy and pregnancy
Laparoscopy is a real breakthrough in medicine. Such treatment allows to avoid removing the ovary. Moreover, healthy tissues located near the body that are not exposed to injury. From the left or right ovary removed the cyst itself, and the work of the body will normalize with time.
If we talk about the pregnancy, she is not a contraindication. This treatment doesn’t cause harm either a pregnant woman or the fetus.
And pregnancy after this surgery may come very soon or a little later. It mostly depends on the female body and way of life. The average recovery period ovary after surgery is 3 months. During this period, pregnancy is highly undesirable, since the body needs time to restore its health. Therefore, if pregnancy for 3 months did not come, then this is not a reason for concern.
In truth, this process is very individual. Even a healthy woman has not been treated in the cysts surgically, cannot be sure that pregnancy will occur after a certain period of time. However, if you have already done laparoscopy, you should refrain from sexual intercourse at least 1 month. After that, you can safely plan the conception of a baby. If pregnancy are unable to come for the year, then you will need to pass tests to survey the body and to the doctor.
Statistics show that 20 percent of women exposed to laparoscopy, successfully conceived a child after 1 month after surgery. The other 20 percent pregnancy could occur after three to five months. 30 percent of patients have experienced the joy of motherhood after 6-8 months, 15% after 9-12 months. The remaining 15 percent was not destined to enjoy this event as a pregnancy. But do not despair and give up. It is always better to focusing only on positive outcome, and then the pregnancy will not keep itself waiting long.
Common consequences of laparoscopy
Despite the fact that laparoscopy is a safe treatment when there is excision of the mass on the ovary laparoscopically, you may experience certain complications.
Often after laparoscopy, patients complain of severe pain occurring in the affected areas. However, this is not a cause for concern. A similar response of the organism is its natural reaction. However, if the pain is unbearable and bring discomfort to consult a doctor in such a situation is required. To eliminate pain commonly used pain relievers, but they are chosen for each patient individually, based on the characteristics of an organism. If the pain are observed in different parts of the abdomen, they usually disappear on their own after 3-5 days after surgery.
If the pain continues to bother you, even when passed the rehabilitation period, should not delay with the visit to the doctor. Because this symptom may indicate that there are complications.
Some patients report the presence of pain near the shoulder. This is because an used gas can act as the irritant factor of the phrenic nerve. Sometimes, pain after the deletion occurred cyst of the left or right ovary, can be caused by infection occurred in the areas of cuts. In such situations, it is difficult to do without the help of antibiotics. Also the patient can receive the causeless headaches. They are usually one of the consequences that entails anesthesia.
If after laparoscopy ovarian cyst marked not only pain, but also increased in body temperature to 37°C, then this should not cause concern. We can say that these effects are normal after surgery. After anesthesia and the operation itself has had a tremendous load on the entire body, therefore it needs time to recover. But remember that the temperature that reached 38°C and above, definitely should be cause for concern and cause for visiting the doctor. It may be indicative of postoperative infection. To solve this problem will help correctly chosen treatment.
After surgical removal of a cyst on the ovary, the woman period can occur not on the usual cycle. Along with this change, and the nature of the discharge: they may have a mucous consistency. Yellowish or brownish discharge with a greenish impurities indicate the presence in the body of the infection.
The long absence of menstruation
The norm in the majority of patients come monthly on time. But deviations from the norm are acceptable. If it was done hormone treatment, monthly need to appear. Otherwise, their absence may be a result of the procedure, and the result of the influence of factors such as the transferred stress, weakening the protective functions of the organism, etc. If missing my period for 6 consecutive months, then you need to be tested. In such a situation, do not panic. Better to go on reception to the expert and get sound advice concerning problems encountered, especially if you are planning a pregnancy. To restore the cycle and resume the monthly, doctors prescribe drugs to strengthen the immune system and vitamin complexes.
Damage to internal organs
Due to the introduction in the abdomen special tools there is a risk of tissue injury. But this is quite rare, since for the safe removal of the cyst provided certain precautions are: use special protective equipment to surgical devices.
Allergic reaction to anesthesia or transferred carbon dioxide. This gas is filled in the abdominal cavity when the treatment is carried out laparoscopically.
Headache, nausea, vomiting. It is understood that such complications typical for almost any postoperative period.
In the process of implementation of laparoscopy the size of the cuts is minimal, but despite this, there may be minor bleeding. To avoid negative consequences, you want to immediately seek help from a doctor.
This is quite a serious complications that affects women after age 50. Blood clots can occur during laparoscopy or after it. To such complications to prevent the legs of the patient before surgery bandage elastic bandage. Also, we recommend taking special means, blood thinners.
In medical practice recorded complications associated with the presence of gas in the abdominal cavity at the time of laparoscopy. In view of the effects may occur with subcutaneous emphysema.
To complications did not cause serious problems, simply comply with established rules and adhere to existing recommendations. Not last role is played also the qualifications of the surgeon. The manipulation accuracy is a guarantee that treatment will really be able to bring good results.
The rehabilitation period
Rehabilitation of the patient occurred after the removal of the cyst is much faster compared to other types of that involve surgical treatment. On the first day of the woman can move around. In the postoperative period is required to provide light meals. Complete recovery is usually observed 3-6 months after surgery.
For quick recovery it is necessary to comply diet after laparoscopy ovarian cyst. Proper nutrition in the postoperative period will help facilitate the rehabilitation process.