Mastitis in men: symptoms, forms, treatment
Anatomically the Breasts of men and women do not differ. In puberty, under the action of the hormone estrogen in girls is breast growth. Among boys throughout the life of the breast retain the original condition and does not increase. Mastitis in men develops in the body as a result of endocrine changes.
The causes of inflammation in men
Abnormal breast growth (gynecomastia) due to hormonal disorders. A transformation factor is improper diet. Excessive consumption of TRANS-fats and products containing phytoestrogens include beer and soy. Meat from animals grown using growth hormones. Use of anabolic steroids in sporting activities. There is also a risk of breast augmentation in chronic kidney disease. Diagnosed pituitary tumors and adrenal glands due to which there is enhanced secretion of estrogen.
Mastitis is an infectious inflammatory disease of the breast. Pathogens are pathogenic microbes: Staphylococcus and Streptococcus. Cracks in the nipples or the presence in the male body viral infections provoke the development of gradnitsa. In some cases, mastitis develops on the background of injuries of the chest.
Against the background of deterioration of the General condition of the patient the following symptoms:
- the increase in body temperature;
- painful sensation in the chest;
- on palpation there is a small seal;
- swollen lymph nodes;
- redness of the breast skin;
- purulent discharge from the nipple.
These symptoms allow the doctor to conduct a full anamnesis of the disease. Administered ultrasound, mammography, magnetic resonance imaging. Send patient to laboratory for microbiological examination. Conduct sampling of materials affected tissue for biopsy. In severe cases a doctor orders a complete examination to obtain a General picture of the causes of the disease.
It is important to understand that the symptoms of mastitis are very similar to the symptoms of cancer. The cancerous condition can be confused with abscess.
The form of mastitis
In medicine it is accepted to clearly structure the clinical forms of mastitis. They are as follows:
|The initial form of mastitis||A destructive form of mastitis|
Treatment of mastitis
Diagnosis and treatment of mastitis may be carried out by multiple doctors. In the event of illness, triggered by hormonal disruptions, to the treatment you need to connect an endocrinologist.
The treatment of inflammation depends on the stage of the disease. At the initial stage of the disease (serous and infiltrative form) use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antihistamine. Assign antioxidant therapy. Mandatory prescribe a course of antibiotics.
The surgical treatment in a medical institution and the complex treatment of mastitis recovery occurs in a relatively short time.
However, when properly selected treatment or self-medication of mastitis becomes chronic. There may be relapses. The risk of re-inflammation is possible after 3-4 months.
During the treatment of purulent mastitis the patient after the procedure sucking the pus in the abscess cavity injected with antibiotics — penicillin. Also provides antihistamines, adjust the disturbed water and electrolyte balance. The specified treatment is carried out for 2-3 days. If after 3 days the patient has not observed improvements, temperature readings are not falling, but the pain is not reduced, the use of surgical methods of treatment. The surgery is performed under General anesthesia. Depending on depth, located abscesses, surgeons generate incisions or punctures. This allows you to remove pockets of purulent formations.
Do not ignore the symptoms of mastitis in the early stages of the disease. If you apply for skilled help in the early stages, the disease is easily treatable with medication. The use and application of folk remedies should be agreed with your doctor. Running purulent forms of mastitis can develop into gangrene.