Menopause and pressure, what is dangerous and how to treat them
Menopause and hypertension are interrelated phenomena. Women often suffer from the phenomenon of pressure surges during menopause, so the question about the methods of getting rid of this disease during menopause has a huge relevance. The older a person is, the more marked increase in pressure. Why is this happening? Doctors associate these symptoms with the approaching completion of the reproductive period, hormonal changes in the body during menopause and the lack of regular menstruation. However hypertension can be a symptom of a disease, what you should also know, in time to spend treatment.
Often approaching menopause and pressure are inextricably linked. During menopause, women have observed changes in blood pressure, episodes of his sharp rises and falls. Such pressure surges associated with the following factors:
- ongoing hormonal therapy, improper hormonal therapy or side effects of medication;
- increased concentration of salts in the tissues, associated with improper diet and lead to accumulation of excess fluid in the body, promoting an increase in blood volume and arterial hypertension;
- gradual extinction of the reproductive system, the ovaries decrease production of the female hormones estrogen and progesterone;
- increases vascular resistance, decreases the elasticity of blood vessels;
- emotional lability and VSD;
- the medication, leading to hypertension (side effect).
High blood pressure in the morning and throughout the day can also be due to disease of the adrenal glands and the tumor. Under such circumstances, the blood is thrown a large amount of adrenaline that invariably lead to change in blood pressure. To preclude this disease, should undergo a complete diagnosis of the organism (blood tests, ultrasound, etc.).
The body is a holistic system, so the pressure during menopause can lead to a number of serious diseases, particularly heart attacks, strokes, and thrombosis. All this increases the risk of hypertension and all the complications of this condition.
Dangerous increase in pressure and to fill the pressure surges negatively affect the retina of the eye, causing can develop degeneration and cause its detachment.
Complications can occur in the kidneys, such as hypertension leads to kidney failure.
Disturbing symptoms associated with hypertension during menopause:
- noise in the ears;
- blurred vision;
- swelling of the extremities;
If you experience any of these symptoms should consult a doctor. Before the visit to the specialist should be daily to measure blood pressure on both arms. When deterioration and a significant pressure rise it is necessary to call “ambulance”.
The jump in blood pressure during menopause can be a manifestation of hypertension. Pathology develops over several years and goes through several stages:
|Category||Systolic blood pressure, mm Hg.St.||Diastolic blood pressure, mm Hg.St.|
|Optimal blood pressure||less than 120||less than 80|
|Normal blood pressure||120 – 129||80 – 84|
|High-normal blood pressure||130 – 139||85 – 90|
|Arterial hypertension of 1 degree||140 – 159||90 – 99|
|Hypertension 2 degree||160 – 179||100 – 109|
|Arterial hypertension 3 degrees||more than 180||more than 110|
Hypertension during menopause: treatments
To treat symptoms of menopause, including pressure spikes during menopause, often used hormone therapy, but it creates a vicious circle: if you drink hormonal preparations, as side effects, the pressure increases. Therefore, this assignment requires a long observation by a physician and can be assigned only in the case of a preliminary pressure measurement in the morning and evening period for every day. Only at averages can be assigned to products based on estrogen or progesterone.
How to deal with hypertension at menopause and whether to treat it? Doctors prescribe appropriate therapy, which does not differ from therapy with races of pressure of other etiology. Contraindications to such drugs not so much, as long as the composition was well tolerated by woman and did not cause allergies. The treatment of women is carried out either by some specific drug or the whole group. Correctly selected drugs to help normalize blood pressure and significantly improve the condition of women.
In combination with antihypertensive tablets prescribed a diuretic and cardio drugs. The most famous two drugs Retard or Biprolol. In the treatment of hypertension in menopause, they are administered in conjunction – their interaction is designed to increase positive effect.
How long should therapy last? Cardiologists recommend taking antihypertensive drugs on a regular basis. The selection of dosage is carried out individually. If the medication develops hypotension (low blood pressure), you need to change the drug. Too much lower the pressure is not recommended, as it can worsen the condition of women and lead to complications.
Doctors also advise to pay attention to the way of life that leads woman:
- To maintain health should forever renounce harmful addictions like Smoking and alcohol. Nicotine makes blood vessels already, impeding blood circulation, alcohol, disrupts the liver and affects health.
- It is impossible to abuse food, fast food, sweet and flour, because will increase the blood sugar levels appear cholesterol plaques, leading to vasoconstriction and hypertension.
- Should be moderately salted food and do not abuse the spices with the sodium compounds to reduce the amount of animal fats.
- Need to increase exercise, take vitamins, start a gym, go swimming. This is not to exercise, provoking pressure surges, for example, Jogging, dancing or fitness, where high cardio.
With a clear implementation of the aforementioned recommendations in women stabiliziruemost pressure, weight decrease, blood sugar will come to normal. It is important to combine the recommendations on improvement of lifestyle in conjunction with hormone therapy to achieve the desired result.
Often when menopause develops calcium deficiency that affects blood pressure and emotional state. This problem will help to cope of calcium supplementation.
Traditional medicine in the fight against irregular pressure
Many people prefer to treat emerging diseases home ways, resorting to the help of herbs and medicinal compositions. For the treatment of hypertension at menopause has its own popular folk recipes:
Hawthorn can be used as a tincture of flowers and fruits. This plant has a remarkable calming effect, helps with insomnia, hot flashes, nervous breakdowns and other symptoms of menopause.
The infusion of the dried hawthorn berries to cook quite easy: flowers and fruits – about 2 teaspoons brewing cups of boiling water and let stand 15 – 20 minutes. Eat 2 – 3 times a day for half a glass before a meal. Drink of hawthorn should be daily, regardless of rises on this day, pressure or remains in the normal range.
In infusion, you can add other herbs with a sedative effect – like motherwort, chamomile. Herbs need to be mixed in equal proportions and pour a small amount (tablespoon) Cup boiling water. Drink 1⁄3 Cup before eating.
Sold in pharmacies, tincture of hawthorn, which should add 40 drops (teaspoon) in a glass of water and use it the same way as a normal infusion.
Sage is also able to normalize the pressure. It can be taken and fresh squeeze the juice from the stems and leaves (2 tablespoons about 3 times a day).
Sage can prepare an infusion by adding other herbs: lemon balm, horsetail or Valerian root – for this you need to pour a tablespoon of herbs boiled water.
Popular teas from sage, it can be purchased in a pharmacy or supermarket. The tea can be bought in pre-measured packages or brew 2 teaspoons in a small teapot. The course is a week, and then you can repeat it.
Mint and motherwort
Effective is a collection of mint and motherwort, which is brewed in a similar scheme and take three times a day.
Red clover is a natural nootropic, improves blood circulation in the brain, is struggling with ischemia, reduces pain during menstruation. To prepare, pour 1 tablespoon Cup boiling water and insist for a long time – about 5 hours. Drink a tablespoon 3 times daily before meals.
Control over the health
The fight against high blood pressure in part is the constant monitoring of health and pressure measurement.
For proper accounting it is important to comply with all conditions of measurement:
- In a sitting position, before that 15 minutes to free yourself from the physical exertion.
- Fasten the cuff 2 cm above elbow.
- To measure the pressure in the morning, afternoon and evening on both hands.
For clarity, you can use such a table.
|The number||The exact time||Pressure indicators||
about the health
|indicators of the left hand||indicators the right hand|
Thus, the differential pressure is a common occurrence during menopause, which is associated with hormonal changes in the body. A little self-control, proper daily routine and some diet modifications will help to cope with the manifestation of the disease and improve health.