Mirena at menopause — hormonal spiral
Menopause is a natural stage in every woman’s life that is associated with a gradual decrease in production of sex hormones. Due to hormonal disturbances begin health problems. Primarily this is due to excessive secretion of estrogen, influencing the physical health of women and emotional. A large number of estrogen causes hyperplasia of the endometrium (lining of the uterus), which is updated regularly during menstruation.
Due to abnormal development of the shell appear krovjanistye discharge, pain is felt in the abdomen. Develops endometrial hyperplasia – excessive proliferation of the mucous membrane of the uterus. To prevent these processes will help the hormone progesterone, which stabilises the development of estrogen.
But the fact that the female body due to hormonal disorders during menopause is not able to allocate the right amount of this hormone. And then what to do? Many will resort to more simple but not very safe method is the use of oral medications containing progesterone. But such medicines can cause a number of side effects or more serious diseases. The only correct option in this case is the application of spiral Mirena.
It is a small t-shaped device containing levonorgestrel, which is so essential to the Mature woman’s body. But the main feature of spiral is that every day releases in the body 20 mg of the hormone, strictly rationing the dose. This allows you to prevent abnormal development of the endometrium.
The Mirren introduces the doctor to the uterine cavity. It will then take several examinations in order to understand that no side effects (something similar happens in rare cases). After that, the hormones will regulate the spiral Mirena, preventing the development of symptoms of menopause. During menstruation during menopause (and they will, since the spiral does not interfere with the health of the ovaries) allocation will be in small quantities, or will disappear altogether. That is, the Mirena does not affect the normal function of the female body. Any discomfort this device is not, in fact, a woman even does not feel it. But this is just one of the options when the hormone spiral is simply necessary.
The spiral has a T-shaped form, which allows you to securely gain a foothold in the uterus. From the opposite edge of the device there is a special thread for removal of Mirena. The main part of the spiral is made of a porous material, which transmits levonorgestrel into the uterus. The design of this contraceptive elastic, so that the woman felt more comfortable even after prolonged use of the Mirena spiral.
Hyperplasia is the excessive development of the mucous membrane of the uterus due to high levels of estrogen in the body. Hyperplasia have pain in the abdomen, spotting. This is enough to start to worry. Hyperplasia can progress to cancer endometrija, which makes treatment incredibly difficult and inefficient. To avoid such outcome, you should install the spiral Mirena, which stabilizes the level of estrogen and reduce the risk of cancer.
Endometriosis is a nasty disease, which often face Mature women during menopause. The causes of the disease also lie in the excess of estrogen the disease Is also accompanied by unpleasant sensations: pain in the lower abdomen, bloody vaginal discharge . Treatment of endometriosis is done by increasing the body’s progesterone, which can be obtained by the introduction of spiral Mirena.
A benign tumor
Myoma – a benign tumor of the muscle layer of the uterus. It can cause discomfort and be a cause of chronic pelvic pain. A good option – installation of spiral, Mirena, which reduces the size of the tumor. Also spiral during menopause can reduce the frequency of uterine bleeding. When submucous myoma installation of Mirena is contraindicated.
Contraception during menopause
Many women find that during menopause you can’t get pregnant, but it’s not. During menopause the mucous membrane of the uterus still being updated, the oocytes continue to Mature in the ovaries and fertilization is very likely. Oral contraceptives in this case are not desirable because they contain the hormone estrogen. During menopause the estrogen-containing tools are not assigned due to the high risk of thrombosis and other complications.
During menopause aggravate its already poor health and even hormonal disturbance is unreasonable. So the best option is Mirena. With a condom it turns out almost 100% protection against unwanted pregnancy.
The formation of ovarian cysts
Installs spiral Mirena for up to 5 years, but all the time every 6 months have passes inspection at the gynecologist. The fact that the permanent contact with a foreign body may cause irritation and inflammation. Upon detection of pathology of the spiral is removed, followed by a full examination of the patient.
Uterine bleeding during menopause
Sometimes it happens that menopause and menopause instead of “calm” bring to life the discomfort. A common problem is considered a strong bleeding, which is difficult to give at least some explanation. These bleeding, or should I say metrorrhagia, it is difficult to stop because of the unknown nature of their origin, but the spiral Mirena can cope with this task. Of course, the result will not be instant, but after a while you can return to normal life.
- Diabetes. This disease and so brings an incredible amount of complications. At a late stage diabetes destroys blood vessels and other tissues in the human body. With levonorgestrel Mirena can only worsen the situation, causing more serious illnesses and even deaths. Precisely for this reason, women with diabetes, doctors suggest not to use this form of hormonal contraception at the menopause.
- A variety of bacteria, once in the pelvic cavity, can cause a variety of infectious diseases including endometritis. When endometritis in the uterus begin to multiply harmful bacteria, inflammation. Installation of spiral in endometritis are contraindicated.
- Installation of spiral with menopause contraindicated to those women who suffer from diseases of the urinary system (cystitis, urethritis, pyelonephritis).
- Mirena is contraindicated in acute liver disease.
Side effects when using spiral
Mirena is a real salvation for women who entered into the phase of menopause, as this small device helps alleviate the symptoms of menopause. And if you have successfully passed the examination at the gynecologist, he has approved the installation of the spiral can still occur some side effects that need attention of a doctor.
- Severe headaches that can be caused by a normalization of hormonal levels due to the levonorgestrel. This kind of pain go away on their own without medical intervention, until the body adjusts to the contraceptive.
- The increased sensitivity of the breast in the period to 2 – 3 months after insertion of Mirena.
- The appearance of cysts in the ovaries. This is not a serious problem, but annoying. Most often, only 12% of women resort to the help of doctors to eliminate these tumors. In other cases, the cyst quickly dissipates.
- Mood swings because of hormonal imbalance.
- The deterioration of the skin.
Many women speak positively about the Mirren. They noted the high effectiveness of IUDs and say that this hormonal contraceptive isn’t felt inside the uterus, does not interfere with sexual intercourse and increases sensations during sexual foreplay.
Many women over 45 note that the application of the Mirena has gone lower abdominal pain, left drowsiness and fatigue. Gradually undergo mood swings, feel better. Many ladies spiral allowed to return to normal life, his Hobbies, or sports.
But that’s not all. Why are everywhere, in every sentence, States that spiral should only be installed by experienced gynecologist? The fact that improper installation can cause complications.
Complications of improper installation of Mirena
In rare cases, when you install helix inexperienced doctor, the puncture of the uterus, which instantly difficult to detect. Mirena gradually “falls” into other pelvic organs, and ceases to perform its function. This phenomenon is called perforation of the uterus. To retrieve “lost” spiral can only experienced doctor surgically. So trust your health only skilled gynecologists.
After the installation of hormonal contraceptives may exacerbate infectious diseases of the genital tract. Most likely, on the mucous membrane of the uterus became infected from the vagina.
The loss spiral is another complication after the installation of the IUD. Mirena may fall out completely or partially. In this case, the spiral needs to be replaced.
An overview of the IUD “Mirena” is presented in the table:
|The reasons for the use of the spiral Mirena at menopause||The result|
|Hyperplasia of endodermia||The allocation of levonorgestrel, which controls the function of estrogens|
|Endometriosis||The allocation of levonorgestrel, which controls the function of estrogens|
|Contraception||The prevention of fertilization|
|Uterine fibroids||Reduction tumor size|
|Uterine bleeding||Prevention of metrorrhagia|
Mirena at menopause much easier life due to its function to normalize hormonal levels. Survey and installation of the spiral should be conducted only in a good clinic with top-notch physician in order to avoid some trouble. Do not forget that after the installation of hormonal contraceptive, there is a significant probability of side effects which soon pass away, so no need to run to the doctor with insults.
Of course, before installation of Mirena at menopause will have to be examined, the doctor was able to determine whether installing this contraceptive how long to put the coil and how long should come to the examination.