Mucinous ovarian cyst: symptoms, diagnosis, treatment
The ovaries are pairs of internal female sex organs. Distinguish right and left ovary. The main function of which are maturation, growth and development of oocytes. The ovaries are responsible for ovulation, synthesis of sex hormones in women and regulates the menstrual cycle. But sometimes a failure occurs, there is a disruption of the normal functioning of the ovaries. Pathology is the formation of cysts, one of which is the mucinous cystadenoma of the ovary.
A mucinous cystadenoma has a characteristic feature. The tumor contains numerous cells or partitions, inside of which there is slime. Its structure it is very similar to the lining of a woman’s vagina.
Often it is possible to observe the clinical picture, the tumor affects both ovaries. The cyst very quickly, in a short time, grows to enormous size.
In the practice of some gynecologists were cases of growth of cyst of considerable size, whose diameter reached more than 45 inches. The cyst, by its nature, may be of benign tumors to change to malignant.
The causes of the disease
The occurrence of cysts formation is possible in women of any age. However, with age, the risk of malignant tumors increases. Factors in the emergence and development of the formation of ovarian cysts in women are:
- expressed hormonal disorders, imbalance;
- the presence of chronic inflammation in women in the appendages and the uterus;
- reduced immunity;
- genetic predisposition;
- heavy physical exertion;
- late menopause.
In the early stages of the ill women were no complaints on health. However, the tumor makes itself felt as soon as begins to increase in size. The presence of the disease can mention the following symptoms:
- nagging, aching pain in the groin, or as not related to the menstrual cycle;
- sudden, dull pain in the sacrum;
- the increase in size of the abdomen;
- the appearance of stool problems, constipation;
- violation of the menstrual cycle.
While ignoring the systematic visiting of the gynecologist’s office, the disease in women is detected at the stage of torsion leg or rupture of the cyst.
Earlier disease detection and diagnosis allow to increase the chances of saving ovary. An important event to prevent the development of disease is regular visits to and examination by a gynecologist.
Mucinous cystadenoma of the ovary is easily recognized by ultrasound. Based on your description of the cyst, and its morphology experienced gynecologist will determine the ovarian tumor at an early stage of development.
The impressive dimensions of the cyst should be thoroughly investigated. The patient was sent for magnetic resonance imaging.
The mucinous cystadenoma is studied in Oncology. In this case, the diseased woman required to take blood tests for the presence of tumor markers (CA-125 and NOT 4).
Quite often mucinous cyst is a consequence of develops on the background of the problems with the gastrointestinal tract. In this case, the patient is recommended to undergo a gastroscopy and colposcopy.
The treatment of the disease
For removing ovarian tumors required surgery. The volume of surgery depends on the patient’s age, tumor size, status of ovaries diseased women.
Young nulliparous girls in tumors of small size, you must try to rescue the ovarian tissue. Body remains in that case, if the result of the clinical trials, doctors identify no risk of malignant swelling.
Ill women in childbearing period of life, at the same time cut out the cyst from the affected ovary.
Patients in postmenopause doctors make a decision about the removal of the uterus and appendages.
If cases in medical and lab tests discovered the process of modification of a tumor from benign tumor to malignant. In cases of discovery Oncology, physicians assign such patients before and after surgery chemotherapy.
Disease during pregnancy
In medical practice there are episodes when the disease occurs during pregnancy. Mucinous ovarian cyst can cause miscarriage.
Before planning a baby the woman must be examined and in case of detection of the disease, to remove the tumor. To take the conception of a child should only after surgery and rehabilitation period. Recovery time is approximately two months. After surgery, the patient is registered and is monitoring the gynecologists, oncologists, mammologists.