Ovarian cyst during early pregnancy

A pregnant woman during the period of gestation is faced with many problems. Some very serious, others deserve attention. Often such problems are formation on the ovaries called cysts.

Ovarian cyst during pregnancy can be caused by several reasons, which will look at a little closer.

Retention cysts

This term is understood as three types of functional ovarian cysts:

  • a follicular cyst is formed from the follicle, it hinders the conception of a child;
  • luteum cyst – is formed of the yellow body produces progesterone;
  • pravarasena is formed from the epididymis.

All of these cysts never transform into malignant tumors and may pass on their own within 3 months.

Luteum cyst

The follicle is a small “container” that contains many useful substances, in order for the egg to develop normally. After maturation of the follicle ruptures and the ovum enters the abdominal cavity. This period is called ovulation. In the place of the ruptured follicle forms a yellow body. It happens that the yellow body formed a cyst. Her cyst formation possible in the first trimester of pregnancy.

With such a problem faced the majority of women, and nothing wrong with that. In the period 14 – 16 weeks the placenta is formed, and a cyst of the corpus luteum dissolves. If the size of the cyst exceeds 6 cm, then it is advisable to consult a doctor, that the tumor did not result in negative consequences.

Pravarasena ovarian cyst

In the early stages to detect this formation is very difficult, and the woman begins to feel the cyst is already in the moment when it reaches the size of about 15 cm, thus there was a sharp pain in the lower abdomen. Marked and unpleasant cutting pains during intercourse. Upon detection of such cysts need to be mandatory to consult a doctor, as the tumor will increase, creating pressure on nearby organs and the fetus.

READ  How to choose tampons: harm and benefit

Dermoid cyst of the ovary

Dermoid cyst (Mature teratoma) is education filled with embryonic tissues. To detect the cyst, as the previous is very difficult, because no symptoms, it does not. A palpable tumor will be the size of 15 cm have pain in the lower abdomen, increased uterine tone. Upon detection of education should consult a gynecologist, otherwise the health status can deteriorate significantly. Dermoid cyst does not cause hormonal disorders, and fetus in the womb there is no danger, except for pressure, which creates the cyst during active growth.

Endometriotic cyst

This formation received the name “chocolate cyst” because of the characteristic appearance. Is one of the forms of genital endometriosis. Usually occurs long before pregnancy. Often prevents the conception of a child. May be the cause of miscarriage. Treatment involves the appointment of hormonal drugs. If no effect is shown operation.

Serous cystadenoma

The size of the formation is from 5 to 15 cm occurs more Often in old age, rarely in pregnant women. Often degenerates in ovarian cancer. Treatment is only surgical. During pregnancy cystadenoma of large size can interfere with the growth of the fetus and cause miscarriage.

Cyst right ovary

A cyst in my right ovary their symptoms are more like inflammation of the Appendix, causing severe and prolonged pain. The cyst in this case is quite difficult to detect as long as it does not exceed 15 cm is Very important in the formation of cysts of any type in the right ovary in time to see a doctor. In this case, you will need to consult a gynecologist and surgeon, in order to get a more detailed picture of the tumor.

READ  Treatment of atrophy of the mucosa in gynecology

And this is not a complete list of tumors that haunt a woman during pregnancy, but they are the most frequent. Although the symptoms of the formation of cysts in the ovary are named for a dozen, often a pregnancy in the later stages hide all these symptoms, also causing dizziness, pain in the lower abdomen, nausea, and even vomiting. In order to be sure that you and your child safe, you should conduct a survey with an ultrasonic apparatus with 100% guarantee will give the correct answer.

Treatment of ovarian cysts

What’s interesting is that the cyst can affect both the left and right ovary, but the symptoms are completely different, due to closely placed organs in the abdomen. Range of treatment of this disease can be very wide, but all in good time.

  • Follicular cysts and cyst of a yellow body almost do not need medical help. Such tumors disappear on their own.
  • Dermoid cyst, endometrioid cysts and cystadenoma expressly require the attention of a doctor, as otherwise ignoring the symptoms may lead to complications.

Characteristics of ovarian cysts are presented in table

Type of cyst Symptoms Treatment Consequences in case of delayed medical care
A follicular cyst The menstrual cycle Within 20 – 25 days this cyst will resolve themselves and she will not be gone Torsion of the cyst, necrosis
Pravarasena ovarian cyst Causeless bleeding, pain in the lower abdomen, discomfort during intercourse Monitoring or removal Violation of the functions of internal organs, pressure on the fetus
Dermoid cyst of the ovary Pain in the lower abdomen, discomfort during intercourse, constipation. Surgical treatment Violation of the functions of internal organs, pressure on the fetus
The cystadenoma Dragging pain in the abdomen Surgical treatment Violation of the functions of internal organs, increased pressure on the fetus
READ  Vysokomehanizirovannoe adenocarcinoma of the endometrium

Complications of ovarian cysts:

  • infertility;
  • miscarriage;
  • necrosis;
  • torsion;
  • gap.

The scheme of treatment will depend on the duration of pregnancy, type of cyst and the presence of complications. Cysts of small size do not require treatment. If the condition of the woman and the fetus is not broken, therapy is delayed until the baby is born. Cysts of large size, which prevents the normal course of pregnancy are removed.

The ovarian cyst removal is laparoscopic access at the period of 16 – 22 weeks. With the development of complications, the operation can be performed at any stage of pregnancy.

When planning a pregnancy the woman should visit a gynecologist and undergo ultrasound of the pelvic organs. This will allow time to identify the ovarian cyst and the treatment to conception.