Rosealina rash characteristic: when a child’s roseola, typhoid and syphilis
Rosealina rash – one of the varieties of skin rashes, most often occurring in children roseola, but sometimes it is a symptom of some other diseases, including dangerous: typhus, syphilis, pink lichen, childhood infections. Despite the fact that roseola not pose a threat to life and health, and other causes of manifestation of a characteristic rash are rare, be sure to consult your doctor to prevent possible complications.
Many infections in children and adults accompanied by rashes of different nature on the skin and mucosal surfaces. One of the most frequent types of cutaneous manifestations of some pathologies is rosealina rash. As a rule, it is a characteristic symptom of children’s roseola, but can sometimes be a symptom of other more severe and dangerous diseases.
The appearance of the rash
For rosealine rash characteristic spots of pale pink or scarlet with a diameter of 5 mm, towering above the skin surface and temporarily endangered when it is stretching and slight pressure. They can have rounded or elongated shape with clear or blurred boundaries and are located all over the body or its individual parts: the face, limbs, back and abdomen.
Multiple lesions have small spots size not exceeding 1 – 2 mm. As a rule, they do not cause the patient any discomfort in the form of itching and peeling and leave no residue.
Sometimes some of the spots take the form of papules – protruding above the surface of the skin small nodules. This type of rash is called rosealine-papular. It may accompany such formidable diseases, as typhus or typhoid fever.
Roseola in children and adults
Roseola is a infectious disease caused by herpes viruses 6 or 7 type and affects mostly children under the age of two years. Begins with fever up to 39 °C and above, it is often combined with febrile convulsions. The disease can masquerade as the common cold or influenza, accompanied by the following signs:
- weakness, drowsiness;
- body aches;
- slight pain in the joints;
- swelling and soreness of the lymph nodes.
Sometimes there is diarrhea and a slight swelling on the face, usually Sotiroudas around the eyes. After the fall of temperature about the third day a rash occurs, continuing for several days in the absence of any significant ailments.
Spots appear gradually or tychobrahe: first the breast and then spread to face and limbs. In some cases, they may dot be placed on the body and remain unnoticed.
Diagnosed roseola quite difficult, as its specific symptoms characteristic of a number of pathologies.
Many parents may not even be aware of the presence of a child of this infection. Rashes on the baby’s skin is easily confused with Allergy to drugs or miliaria. In this case, it should be remembered that the rash is of allergic nature typically have very itchy and goes away quickly after taking antihistamines. Specks when you are not sweat all over the body, and in skin folds and areas of increased sweating.
Roseola associated with immaturity of the immune system in young children. Infection most often occurs at the point of maximum attenuation in the cold season or shortly after the disease. The disease is transmitted by airborne droplets with incubation period up to 2 weeks.
Roseola is not a dangerous disease and requires no treatment other than medication to eliminate the symptoms. If fever above 38 °C are appointed antipyretics, it is desirable to comply with bed rest. In infants dehydration sets in very quickly, so you need to compensate for the lack of liquid fluids.
Parents should continuously monitor the state of the baby and immediately consult a doctor in the following situations:
- sharp deterioration of health, fatigue, fever, chills and fainting;
- the accession of symptoms such as cough, sore throat, headache, vomiting, diarrhea;
- persistent fever when the fever can’t bring down the standard methods;
- maintain or increase the rash after three days.
In children with weakened immune systems may develop sepsis, an infection caused by herpes type 6, and meningoencephalitis. One of the most dangerous complications roseola are febrile convulsions in infants on the background of fever, which may lead to irreversible lesions of the Central nervous system and brain.
In convulsions before arrival “first aid” it is necessary:
- open the Windows, providing the inflow of air into the room;
- put your baby on a flat hard surface, and having a head on one side;
- undress baby to diaper and wipe his body is slightly moistened with water sponge (vinegar, alcohol and other irritating fluid be used.)
In General, complications of roseola are very rare. Rashes usually disappear completely, leaving no residue, peeling and pigmentation on the skin.
As the main preventive measures against this disease, it is worth noting limiting contact with infected children, frequent hand washing, taking vitamins, good nutrition and a long stay in the fresh air. Frequently ill children shows the use of immunostimulatory drugs, after consultation with the pediatrician.
Other causes of rash
In some cases rosealina rash of varying intensity and localization may be a symptom of some other diseases such as:
- typhoid or typhus;
- pityriasis rosea;
- childhood infections (measles, scarlet fever, measles).
The disease starts rapidly with a sudden rise in temperature and is often accompanied by a rash in the upper abdomen and chest. The appearance of spots is due to violation of the integrity of small blood vessels under the infection. A symptom of a severe course of the disease is the appearance of blood spots on the skin over the main rash. In the absence of complications and the timely beginning of treatment the symptoms of typhoid fever fades after three to five days.
For this dangerous infection characterized rosolino-nodular or petechial rash in the form of multiple bloody spots and papules that appear on the 4 – 6th day of illness in the upper body, sides and creases of the hands. In the acute phase, the rash coalesces into solid areas of red color due to destroyed capillaries. The lesions gradually darken and disappear after 2 – 3 days with the formation of pigmented areas on the skin surface.
The disease passes through three successive stages:
- The first stage is accompanied by the formation of so-called hard chancre – sores with a dense core in the center. They usually occur on the skin and mucosa in contact with the source of infection: genitalia, breast, head, mouth, front of the thighs.
- A few weeks after infection the chancre gradually disappear, and are replaced by classic rosealina rash on the trunk and extremities. New spots appear in large quantities (10 to 20 pieces a day) and arranged randomly.
- Over time, the lesions are covered with dense crusts and ulcers, which after healing leave deep marks on the skin.
Worse recurrent syphilis is a treatable disease, is characterized by more severe course and increase in the size of lesions. Their number decreases and the color becomes more pale. The spots are arranged asymmetrically and form groups in the form of arcs and rings.
Pink ringworm Gibert often affects the adult population 20 to 40 years with a weakened immune system and usually occurs after influenza, SARS, or on the background of allergies. The exact pathogen is not identified. The disease is accompanied by a slight fever, General malaise and increase cervical and submandibular lymph nodes.
The first major rosealine a spot of bright pink color usually appears on the chest. A few days around the main spots appear “kids”, and for about 3 weeks the whole body is showered with small pinpoint plaques. Rashes sometimes peel and a little itchy. After 21 days all symptoms completely disappear.
Rubella is accompanied by a moderate fever, weakness, headache and pharyngitis. 48 hours after appearance of the first symptoms is not spotty itchy rash that within a few days down below throughout the body. Lesions predominate on the face, buttocks, behind the knees and in the elbow. After 2 – 7 days they pass, without peeling and pigmentation.
For scarlet fever is characterized by severe headaches, severe sore throat, General intoxication, fever. For 2 – 4 days the tongue becomes crimson color and a pronounced graininess. Or petechial spotted rash occurs in 1 – 3 day of illness and is concentrated mainly in the bends of limbs, armpits, groin and face with the exception of the nasolabial triangle. Approximately 14 – 15 days rashes are replaced by peeling of the skin.
Measles is manifested by a rise of temperature, cough, runny nose and photophobia. On the palate and inside the cheeks red spots, on the 4 – 5th day of the disease on the face then on the trunk and extremities occurs papular rash, confluent in rosealine blurry spots. With 4 days of the rash the patient’s General condition gradually returned to normal, the temperature is reduced, the spots darken. Pigmentation of the skin is retained for up to two weeks.
Actions when the appearance of the rash
Any rashes on the skin are a result of problems in the body. To consult a doctor should be in good health and the absence of associated symptoms. The exact causes pathology can reveal, having appointed a specialist range of studies. This will depend on the effectiveness of prescribed therapy. Ignore rosealina rash in babies is unacceptable, as it is perfectly disguised as other diseases and can lead to serious complications.