Sanitization of the vagina and cervix in gynecology

Sanitization of the vagina is the use of antiseptic and disinfectants for the destruction of pathogens. The procedure is performed for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes before performing any operation on the reproductive organs, on the eve of childbirth or abortion. Interventions allow to restore the normal microflora of the vagina and prevent the development of unpleasant diseases and their complications.

Indications and contraindications

The reason for the development of inflammatory processes in the genital organs is often infectious process. Pathogenic microorganisms to the reproductive organs, causing diseases of various kinds. That is why the treatment of inflammatory processes in gynecology always requires a comprehensive approach.

The process of readjustment is necessarily assigned with detection:

  • bacterial vaginitis;
  • fungal infection;
  • viral infections.

To prevent accidental infection,sanitation is recommended before the following research procedures:

  • hysteroscopy;
  • colposcopy;
  • biopsy.

Be sure you are performing this procedure before installing the intrauterine device and any surgery. In the period of carrying a child rehabilitation are shown only in case if there are special medical indications. In particular, it allows during pregnancy to get rid of yeast infection caused by the fungus Candida. As a rule, the aggravation on the background of the fungal infection occurs in the third trimester and is associated with a reduction in the protective reactions of the female body. Is necessarily performed sanitation genital tract before birth (natural and operational).

To apply sanitation for the normalization of the vaginal microflora is impossible under such conditions:

  • During menstruation.
  • With uterine bleeding.
  • If you have experienced allergic reactions to drugs used.
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Requirements for drugs and types of sanctions

The traditional methods suggested by local treatment with antiseptic agents. They are available in the form of suppositories, tablets or suppositories. The choice of method of treatment depends on the type of pathogen and neglected disease. Usually, monotherapy is not always justified due to the prevalence of mixed infections. That is why rehabilitation the use of techniques involving the use of various medical preparations and instrumental methods.

Medicinal products used for rehabilitation, should have antimicrobial, antiviral and antifungal properties. In addition, the effectiveness of drugs must be maintained in the presence of abnormal discharge in the vagina.

At the initial stage of rehabilitation before a therapeutic treatment and the use of candles or vaginal tampon is a vaginal bath, which is very effective and able to reduce the inflammation and pain. Procedure, the duration of which is not more than a quarter of an hour, is carried out in the gynecological chair and involves the application of special treatment solutions.

Very efficient and modern method is vacuum sanitation. For this procedure, there are assigned antiseptic solution, and apply vacuum and vibration. This technique allows to remove germs together with dead cells of the vaginal mucosa. Bringing the active components of drugs penetrate deeply into the tissue, which provides greater effectiveness of the procedure. Vacuum sanitation is shown in the presence of various chronic diseases, as well as erosion of the cervix.

Important! This procedure is prohibited during pregnancy and in some diseases of the genitourinary system.

Important! Ultrasound is not indicated for the presence of vaginal bleeding of any etiology.


You should know that before the appointment of rehabilitation is necessarily performed a special study of vaginal microflora with the aim of identifying the causative agent. Only then you can select individual methods of treatment. The kind of used drugs and duration of treatment should be determined solely by the attending physician.

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Allowed to carry out reorganization in their own home, but the preparations and the rules of procedure must be agreed with the doctor. Before use of special preparations carefully carried out hygienic procedures.

Measures of rehabilitation are carried out for 2 – 3 weeks. After the destruction of pathogenic organisms and removal of the inflammatory process are assigned to probiotics containing lacto — and bifidobacteria. Only after repeated studies and obtain positive analysis results, indicating the normalization of microflora, is completed.