Statistics of infertility in Russia and the World
Infertility referred to the reproductive system, in which pregnancy does not occur in a couple after a regular sex life without contraception during the year. The reasons for this phenomenon are many. Often after the proper treatment of partners of long-awaited pregnancy occurs. However, in some cases, the family remains childless.
Statistics in Russia calls 15% of couples are infertile. The world health organization (who) says about 5% of infertile population. In fact, people who are unable to have children, and much more. Count the number of them is impossible.
The essence of the problem
The demographic situation in the world worsens every year. The death rate considerably exceeds birth rate, and people older than 49 years make up a large part of the population. This ratio is very typical for developed countries.
The state is interested in population growth because it cannot exist without the nation. In order to identify the extent of the problem of infertility at the expense of public resources are implemented in numerous studies and programs. The developed technique of struggle with childlessness by the widespread introduction of assisted reproductive technologies, including free, to citizens who need them.
However, these measures are not always effective. To identify do infertile women and men very difficult. In recent times it has become a popular trend aversions to children and everything connected with them. Modern young women prefer to build a career, enhance their welfare, to learn, to travel and to live only for themselves. Conducted by the competent authorities of statistical survey calls about 9% of the respondents are child free. Society not only condemns this tendency and even promoted her vast social networks, fashion magazines and blogs on the Internet.
The trend in the world of infertility is gaining momentum. The reasons for this are many – from a fundamental unwillingness to have children to serious health problems.
According to who statistics, about 80 thousand of women out of 100 who applied to state and municipal medical institutions in 2012, with reproductive disorders really barren.
If the number of women amenable to calculations, to identify the percentage of infertile men is almost impossible. Units seek medical solution to the problems of the sexual sphere. The men decided to wait until the last, when the disease will develop into chronic, which can lead to fatal consequences. In addition, the «male factor» strongly denied by society, when it comes to a childless family. It’s kind of a complex community of men, extremely unpleasant for self-assessment.
Despite all the efforts of the system, education in healthcare is at a very low level. Hospital patients don’t know about the possibility of using IVF or ICSI, the various donor programs for the solution of delicate problems. Moreover, doctors are incompetent in these matters, knowing «children from a test tube» firsthand.
All these factors constitute the substance of the issue of infertility in our country.
The types of infertility
Classification of infertility a variety. Their full listing is appropriate only for medical textbooks. However, for understanding some types of call costs.
Depending on gender, exist:
- women, are caused by dysfunctions in women;
- male, related to problems in the male body;
- combined when both unhealthy.
The number of successful attempts to have children are:
- primary, where pregnancy has not occurred;
- secondary, if a couple has difficulty conceiving a second or subsequent children.
The main reason of infertility is one or the other medical problem partners. To identify and timely treatment of the disease survey is conducted by both men and women.
- the obstruction of the fallopian tubes;
- infantile uterus and other anomalies of development;
- irregular ovulation or lack thereof;
- violations of spermatogenesis;
- infectious inflammatory diseases of the urogenital sphere;
- age-related changes in the body;
- problems of the thyroid gland and adrenal glands;
- pathology of blood coagulation;
- immunological disorders.
According to the who, 60% of pregnancies in Russia end in abortion. This tendency negatively affects female reproductive health of the population. Widely discussed the possibility of a ban of abortion at a woman’s request without medical indications. However, imagine the implementation of this idea in a democratic society impossible. More effective methods of propaganda of careful attitude to own health, the undesirability of casual sex, contraception, sanctity of family values.
Endocrine and immune and genetic diseases also seriously inhibit the growth of birth rate. The problem here is the late diagnosis of these disorders and are inefficient, complex, expensive treatment. Often these diseases are hidden and do not cause the person discomfort. People face them when numerous attempts to have children are unsuccessful. Gynecologists and endocrinologists simply «shrug», admitting his powerlessness. In this regard, it is useful the introduction of global trends thorough examination of potential partners before marriage.
Negative health effects have harmful habits, such as Smoking, regular alcohol intake, use of drugs, and even irregular and unbalanced diet and physical inactivity. All these factors accumulate and lead to infertility.
The most bizarre is «idiopathic infertility». Its causes are not clear. Such a diagnosis a couple trying to have children, in the absence of violations of fertility. This fact is found in 1% of infertile couples. The exact number defies counting.
Domestic medicine successfully treats infertility. Of course, 100% guarantee for success no doctor. But worth a try. The main methods of treatment are:
- restoring hormonal levels in women;
- the use of anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial drugs;
- surgical methods such as laparoscopy and fix the problem;
- correction of the hemostatic system and immune disorders;
- modern reproductive technologies.
Among the radical methods should be called:
- in vitro fertilization;
- the stimulation of superovulation;
- artificial insemination;
- the donation of sperm or oocytes;
- transfer of gametes or zygotes;
The US and European countries have long and successfully used these techniques. Who calls children «test-tube» almost a quarter of children born here. In Russia due to lack of funding and poor information propaganda results not so impressive.
However, in our country, reproductive technology has become a business for private traders. Clinics performing art cycles are growing like mushrooms after rain. One full procedure these medical facilities worth more than 1 thousand dollars. But the high cost does not always mean quality services. And numerous unsuccessful attempts to get pregnant through medical procedures even more break the already fragile body of the woman.
Thus, based on who data, we can say that the statistics of infertility in Russia is not so terrible. In recent years there has been a tendency for improvement of the demographic situation by overcoming the medical, social, financial and psychological factors affecting it. The population understands the need to preserve reproductive health and taking action accordingly. And implementation of state programs of assistance for childless families leads to good results.