The cervical canal dilated, what does that mean
The cervical canal of the cervix is on the whole length inside the cervix, acting as a corridor between the slit-like uterine cavity and the vagina. The development of this organ ends to complete puberty girls.
Before pregnancy, the channel performs a more protective function of the introduction of pathogenic microorganisms into the uterine cavity during menstruation. It passes through menstrual blood. The role of protection it performs the mucus secreted through the layer of epithelial cells, which lined the whole passage from vagina to the uterine cavity. Since during menstruation the cervical canal is expanded, production of mucus in this period, the most maximum.
Dimensions of the cervical canal at different periods of life change. In women of childbearing age but not yet given birth, during menstruation, the channel extended only to 2 mm. Closer to 20 – 25 years a woman’s body is preparing for its main purpose, and all reproductive organs a little increase in size. Most importantly, before planning a pregnancy have an ultrasound to know accurately the anatomical structure of the reproductive organs.
For the cervical canal, the importance of length and diameter, because this will influence in the future on the passage of the child through the birth canal. Any deviation from the norm can cause severe complications during pregnancy and childbirth.
What is the role of the cervical canal during pregnancy?
The cervical canal at the time of conception and pregnancy has its own anatomical features.
At the time of conception mucus in the cervical canal becomes more dense, to keep spermatozoa for successful movement to the uterus. If successful fertilization of the egg the cervix is maximally narrowed at the outlet of the vagina formed a dense plug of mucus that protects the fetus from various infections and viruses that enter the woman’s body from the external environment. The mucous plug first moves away before birth. If not, it is removed during childbirth.
In the first trimester of pregnancy importance in the diagnosis with ultrasound the length and width of the cervical canal. The last indicator is about the threat of miscarriage, so if the cervical canal dilated, the woman sent to the hospital. The expansion of the muscle tissue occurs during this period because the cervix is weak and cannot hold in the future implanted fetus. This deviation from the norm occurs at 15 – 18 week of pregnancy, when the child in the womb is developing intensively.
Narrowing of the cervical canal may be performed during pregnancy only in the full confidence of the viability of the unborn child.
Polyps as the cause of cervical dilatation
If diagnosing cervical enlargement detected due to a polyp, then it is recommended to cure this disease before planning pregnancy. Conception in this disease is difficult because the polyp covers the clearance and prevents the penetration of sperm into the uterus.
The appearance of a polyp during pregnancy in the channel may cause a relaxation of the walls of the cervix and to threaten the child’s life. Of course, during pregnancy the polyp is not removed, only continued to watch him. If the cervical canal is extended to 3 – 5 mm in the diagnosis of polyp, the woman sent to the hospital for preservation, under the constant supervision of doctors.
Some polyps disappear after childbirth. If this did not happen, the treatment continues right after the baby is born.
The first sign of expansion of the channel is the appearance of small blood discharge from the vagina. You must immediately contact your gynecologist to take timely measures to prevent miscarriage.
Some gynecological diseases are caused by expansion of the lumen of the cervix?
As with all reproductive organs, cervical canal of the cervix also undergoes changes during the hormonal changes the body during menopause. The walls of the cervix to lose its elasticity and have less produce mucus, causing the vagina becomes dry.
With the beginning of menopause aggravated the disease which arise due to earlier abortions, catarrhal diseases of the sexual sphere and curettage after delivery. Diseases such as fibroids, endometriosis, ovarian cysts – all this causes a hormonal imbalance and erratic bleeding. The uterus loses its tone and relaxes muscle muscles. At each bleeding the cervical canal expands, and devoid of mucus becomes the cause of falling into the uterus microflora, which only adds to the already existing disease.
The cervical canal can be widened also because of the increased thickness of the myometrium as a result of proliferation of cells in endometriosis. This contributes to various ailments, which are present in menopause: the pressure surges, excess weight, diabetes, a disorder of the thyroid gland.
Another disease that causes extension of the cervical canal is chronic cervicitis. This disease occurs due to colds and not cured of inflammatory foci. It is advisable not to ignore the liquid mucous secretions, including those emerging after sex or urination.
The change in the internal state of the uterine cavity may result from side effects after taking hormonal drugs, reducing the metabolism and Smoking.
Actions in extension of the cervical canal
If the diagnosis is established by ultrasound results, don’t panic. Only timely treatment to the doctor will help to diagnose the cause of the dilatation of the cervical canal. This condition is correctable by addressing the causes of changes in the body from the norm.
The main thing is to monitor your body, especially for women entering menopause, or who are preparing to become a mother.