The Cytology of the cervix, what is it, analysis on Cytology
The most common women’s disease today is cancer of the cervix. Scientists around the world trying to find a way to combat this problem. But while you can protect yourself only by timely prevention. One method is research and development. This test gives an opportunity to notice the development of precancerous cells and the time to begin treatment. Therefore, this analysis in medicine is considered to be one of the most important.
So, the Cytology of the cervix, what is it? Research and development is a smear of the vagina and the cervix. This is followed by an examination of epithelial tissue of the cervix and its analysis. This epithelium bilayer. The first layer is a single layer of cylindrical, located near the cervical canal. The second flat layer – is the top layer of the vagina. The survey and further analysis of the structure of the epithelium provides an opportunity to understand how healthy are the cells, whether there are among them such that are mutated, i.e., become cancerous, or evolving.
And development the study helps to detect changed cells, as well as any inflammatory process occurring in epithelial cells. Large part of the disease, which was discovered after the analysis on Cytology amenable to treatment, as they find in the early stages of development.
Indications for cytological examination
Smear on Cytology may be prescribed to any woman who has reached 18 years of age. To do the procedure and if you suspect development of any women’s diseases, and their prevention. In fact, according to statistics, every woman, no matter whether woman a healthy lifestyle, properly fed, pays attention to the sport, has bad habits or not, can be susceptible to cancer disease.
If, after delivery of the analysis, was discovered pathology in the cervix, in the future, the procedure you need to pass at least twice a year. If the woman does analysis like prevention, it is enough once a year.
Annual basis research and development also need and older women. Due to the fact that there is a perception that after menopause disappear, problems with the reproductive system, many women do not visit gynecologists for preventive and do not pass the tests. For this reason, doctors have already run detect cancers that are not always treatable.
And development examination during pregnancy
An analysis on Cytology is not considered to be extra to pass at the planning stage of pregnancy. This is especially needed for women who have reached thirty years of age. Tests is important because during pregnancy, the disease can worsen, and this often leads to complications and development abnormalities in the fetus or even to its loss.
The analysis procedure on Cytology
The procedure is performed in the gynecological chair for the treatment room, made a fence of the analysis of the obstetrician-gynecologist. The doctor collects the cells, pinching off a small amount from the surface of the cervix using special tools, brushes and spatulas. The procedure is completely painless, so patients do not need the introduction of painkillers.
Among female patients, it is believed that the procedure may bring pain or deform the epithelium. However, this is absolutely a false opinion, because after taking samples areas of the vagina are not in any way damaged, the epithelium will still have a structure, so that after the procedure there will be no trace, a reminder of her.
A blood analysis can appear spotting that will bother only one or two days, but they are completely harmless and need no treatment.
Collected for analysis the material the doctor puts on a special glass, which can be up to three pieces. After this analysis is treated with fixing solution and stained with a special solution. Then all that is passed to the morphologist or a histologist, which laboratory is conducting a study of cells under a microscope, and on the basis of this study gives the conclusion. Based on this conclusion, the attending physician will prescribe his patient the necessary treatment.
Preparation for the procedure
Getting the correct data after analysis is the most important in the formulation of correct diagnosis and treatment. In many ways, the results depend on how well was the procedure prepared patient.
It is important to know that the procedure is not carried out during menstruation or if you have spotting. Also contraindication is the inflammation of the genital organs.
The best time to complete analysis on Cytology is the moment just before or immediately after menstruation. For the most reliable results, two days before the procedure, the patient should exclude sexual relations, douching, using tampons, vaginal candles, and creams and ointments. It is also not recommended in the course of two days to carry out any gynaecological procedure before the test. All visits to the gynecologist should be deferred for days after cytological examination. Also consult bath for forty-eight hours prior to analysis.
The types of research and development
An analysis on Cytology are possible in two forms:
During the simple onkotsitologiyu taken from the material distributed by special glass. When conducting liquid onkotsitologiyu materials are placed on a special brush, which is placed in a test tube with special medium. Thus, the collected analyses are preserved in this liquid and transforms into a layer of washed cells.
Liquid Cytology at the moment an innovative method and distributed not in all clinics. This type of teeth whitening is considered the most accurate, it cytologist gets the most reliable results.
After was made the fence of epithelial cells in the treatment room, all of the material passed to the Cytology to conduct the actual analysis. Usually full transcript takes about ten to fourteen days.
There are five classes characterizing the status of epithelial tissue of the cervix:
- The first class is the norm. The receipt of such transcripts shows that the smear has not been no atypical cells and the epithelium is in normal condition, all the cells in the desired size and shape.
- Second class. This class is characterized by the detection of inflammatory processes. For example, can be found in the vaginitis.
- Third grade. Cytologist finds a small number of cells with the violation. Upon receipt of such decryption to the patient appoint one further binding analysis.
- Fourth grade. Detected malignant cells in large quantities.
- Fifth grade. All the cells of the harvested material are atypical, that is, the probability of cancer is very high.
Of course, the analysis on cervical Cytology are not wholly determinant of cancer. This procedure can only indicate that in cells undergoing changes whereby begin a more thorough examination. The final diagnosis is put only after a full examination that includes a series of tests and examinations, and observation of symptoms.
And development in the study contained such data to be deciphered:
- A swab of the duct part. This swab is taken to assess the condition of the epithelial tissue of the duct part.
- A swab from the vaginal part. Is taken for the study of epithelial cells of the vaginal region of the cervix.
To obtain reliable results it is necessary a sufficient amount of material for investigation, otherwise the doctor will not be able to do the deciphering and in conclusion will indicate that it provided an inadequate amount of drug.
The conduct of oncocytology inflammation
Inflammation can strongly affect the research and development, preventing to recognize the cancer and atypical cells. If the inflammation is still there, then you need to hand over a smear on flora, to determine the source of infection. You also need to be tested to check the possibility of Contracting sexually transmitted diseases. Only after that it is necessary to repeat research and development.
A negative result
If research and development was discovered the cancer cells, do not panic. Such a deviation does not mean that the development of a malignant tumor absolutely will happen. The situation is quite fixable with timely and quality treatment.
Doctor when you receive a negative result should explain to the patient the nature of deviations and to direct additional tests on the basis of which will prescribe individual treatment. Always keep in mind that the detection of atypical cells is not a guarantee of the presence of cancer.