The size of the cyst of the ovary: normal, dangerous
Ovaries is important paired organ of the female reproductive system in which the maturation of the egg, ready for fertilization. The most common disease of the ovary is a cyst. According to statistics, this pathology is found and diagnosed by doctors in 40% of women. Since the disease is virtually asymptomatic, most often it is diagnosed by ultrasound during routine visits to the gynecologist.
What is a cyst?
A cyst of the left or right ovary is the tumor benign character in the form of a cavity with liquid. It can be located on the surface or within the ovary. Wall structures consist of a thin layer of cells that produce the fluid, and the wall thickness may vary.
The cystic nature of the tumor is diagnosed in women of different age groups, but is most common in childbearing age, since the age of 12. It should be noted that it cannot be the cause of hormonal failure in the body of a woman, and it also causes rapid growth of cells.
Varieties of tumours of the ovary
In medicine, tumor formations of the ovary are divided into two categories: true (cystoma) and tumor. Their main differences consist in the following:
- the cyst is not malignant education, in the same way as cystoma, but the latter may take this form as capable of invasion;
- cysts can compress the surrounding tissue, and cyst dangerous because it can metastasize, germinating in tissue and thus to destroy them;
- cystoma capable of rapid growth, in contrast to cysts.
Normal dimensions of ovary
Before proceeding to types of ovarian cysts and their sizes, it should be understood that there is a certain norm. Examination of the ovaries is usually performed through an ultrasound. For women from 16 to 40 years normally when left ovary from the right size is virtually identical.
Their dimensions as follows: length from 30 to 40 mm, a width of 20-30 mm and a thickness of 14 to 23 mm. If diagnosis is performed in the middle of the menstrual cycle, it shows the dominant follicle, the size of which can be from 10 to 25 mm. On the 23rd day of the cycle it is possible to diagnose the functioning of the corpus luteum.
Types of cysts and their features
The concept of this pathology is quite broad because it incorporates a variety of factors that trigger the development of cystic formations, which differ in the reason for the appearance, structure, course of disease and treatment methods.
The main types of cystic tumors include:
By the nature of the tumor masses are functional and organic. The first are characterized as temporary, and able to self-destruct without surgery a few months therapy with hormones. To organic are those that has not disappeared within three months and require surgery.
Most often this kind of surgery is performed laparoscopically. This is one of the modern ways to remove cystic masses. During the surgery make three small incision through which the doctor removes the tumor. Thus, there remains a healthy ovarian tissue and its function. Sometimes conduct operations in more radical cases, the presence of the cyst.
Follicular cyst: features and dimensions
Follicular cyst of the left or right ovary is the one third of the detected pathology. In many cases it happens to women from 16 to 50 years, sometimes teenage girls. The cause of follicular cysts may be endocrine in nature. It can also be a consequence of the inflammatory process of uterine appendages.
Follicular believe that the tumor, which was formed in the process of pathological disorders of the ovaries. It appears in place of the follicle and consists of a cavity with thin walls, the diameter of which varies from 2.5 to 10 cm.
The norm is when at the beginning of the menstrual cycle is the development of several follicles, among which the growth occurs faster than others. The ripened egg at a certain period it leaves the follicle, and the rest frezeruyutsya.
Inflammation or a hormonal imbalance during the period of oocyte maturation is the cause of follicular cysts. Due to failed ovulation process, the growth of the follicle continues. This leads to a large accumulation of follicular liquid inside, which contributes to its degeneration in the formation of cystic in nature.
As practice shows, such a cyst of the left or the right ovary disappears spontaneously in 2-3 months.
It often does not manifest itself, so it is diagnosed at the time of the next doctor visit. Sometimes a symptom of follicular cysts may be pain in the lower part of the pelvis or violation of the cycle.
If the size of the follicular cysts less than 8 cm, then the patient observes a gynecologist for three months, without resorting to surgery. For follicular cyst are monitored, monthly, removing the indicators of its growth through ultrasound. If at the expiration of this period education did not disappear, the doctor is forced to resort to surgery.
The most rare form acts as a tumor yellow body tumor. It consists of a thick wall, having the form of folds on the inner surface. Inside the cystic tumor yellow body fluid is a lighter shade, sometimes with blood. For its size tumor formation of the corpus luteum reaches a maximum of 8 cm is most Often diagnosed in women from 16 to 50 years, sometimes formed during pregnancy.
The norm is when after the last ovulation in the uterus begins the formation of the corpus luteum. If this period cycle is the place endocrine disruption or inflammation of appendages, a failure in the work of the yellow body, which acts as a cystic tumor.
Exactly the same as in follicular, luteum cyst may disappear spontaneously in 2-3 months. Symptom of a pathology of the corpus luteum may be a delay menstruation, uterine bleeding, and signs similar to pregnancy. To serious treatments in the form of the operation is not immediately resorted to but for the past 2-3 months have seen the growth of tumors. Also, when luteum cyst prescribed hormonal drugs.
Features of dermoid cyst
Dermoid cyst of the left or right ovary is diagnosed often, it is circular in shape with a smooth surface and a long stem. Its size can reach 15 cm.
The cavity of this education fills the fat and hair or fragments of neighboring tissues. The cause of this disease is the violation of differentiation of the tissues of the fetus that is detected early age.
Treatment is through surgery.
Due to the fact that Barbarella cystic tumor is located close to the ovary, it is often referred to as the ovarian cyst, but it is typical for nazyaetsya appendage. Disease affects women 20 to 40 years. The size of the tumor may be small or so large that it can compress adjacent organs. Its causes are still unknown to science. As treatment, surgery is used without removing the ovary.
Features of endometrioid cysts
If we talk about endometrial cyst, it consists of a thick wall. The cavity fills a thick brown liquid. The sizes of endometrial cysts reach 20 cm and can be bilateral. The cause of endometriotic cysts is a hit and the growth of the endometrium in the ovaries. Also provoke development can serious hormonal disorder in the woman’s body.
Removal of endometrioid cystic tumor of the left or right ovary is made only by means of operation, i.e. with surgery, then prescribe hormones. For endometriotic cyst growth with every cycle and the ability to regenerate in malignant education. It can be the cause of scarring in the ovaries and cause infertility. Often the lesions caused endometrioid cyst, can penetrate into the tissues of surrounding organs, causing adhesions.