Trichomonas vaginitis in women: symptoms, treatment
Widespread disease, both among women and among men, Trichomonas vaginitis, sexually transmitted diseases. Today in medicine there are distinguished more than 50 species of Trichomonas, but in the human body parasitic way of life are just three varieties: intestinal, urogenital, and oral. Recent studies have shown that carriers of this infection are 20 to 40% of women and 60% men.
The risk of Trichomonas vaginitis for the female body
Trichomonas focus on the squamous epithelium of the mucous membranes of the vagina, penetrate the gland. If treatment is not initiated in a timely manner or medical recommendations are not being implemented properly, that Trichomonas can stay long in the body and the disease will lead to the fact that women will start inflammatory processes of the pelvic organs, severe disorders of menstrual cycle, infertility. It is not excluded also the appearance of tumors.
Ways of infection and the factors causing the disease
The probability of being infected by intimate partner from the patient. But contamination can occur through everyday life (when you use other people’s hygiene), oral contact.
To a greater extent Trichomonas vaginitis is exposed to those girls who abused nicotine, alcohol and uncontrolled intake of antibiotics. Provokes the disease lowered immunity, a history of hormonal failures, genital infections, inflammatory processes, multiple abortions and miscarriages.
In women who often change sexual partners trichomoniasis is diagnosed 3-4 times more frequently than women with a permanent partner.
The main symptoms of Trichomonas vaginitis
From the moment of infection until the moment when they start to show clinical symptoms of the disease, it takes from 5 to 15 days.
For Trichomonas vaginitis are characterized by the following symptoms:
It is worth noting that at the end of menstruation clinical symptoms are greatly amplified.
But some women infected with trichomoniasis, the symptoms may be absent altogether, resulting in the transition of the disease into a chronic form.
Diagnosis of Trichomonas vaginitis
To improve the quality of laboratory studies are important rules of training for women to the survey.
Symptoms of inflammatory reaction and the presence of cytological smear of motile Trichomonas allow you to diagnose trichomoniasis. Vaginal content has a pH in the range 5.5–6.5. Usually used a combination of several research methods for diagnosis of Trichomonas vaginitis:
- microscopic examination;
- PCR method that can identify the genetic material of the pathogen;
- immunological methods of study, to determine the presence of specific antibodies in the body women;
- inoculation artificial environment of the samples.
Features of treatment
Treatment of Trichomonas vaginitis is antibiotics (metronidazole or tinidazole) tablets for oral administration. The dosage and duration of medication determines exclusively the attending physician.
Typically, the treatment of women is based on the use of antibiotic drugs. The most commonly prescribed vaginal suppositories nystatin, Terzian, hexicon. A treatment ointment bonafton, acyclovir. Patients prescribed oral tablets trichomonacide, metronidazole.
If the patient has reduced immunity, the treatment is complemented with a welcome tonic and vitamin preparations. Shall also be a diet which excluded from the diet of spicy, salty and fatty foods.
If symptoms of chronic Trichomonas vaginitis, there are constant relapses, we used intravenous specialized vaccines, Solkotrichowak. A week after the treatment is over, the woman with her partner should be re-tested, even if symptoms of disease are absent.
The patient should be temporarily stop sexual contact while she is undergoing treatment. This is especially important if the partner of such a treatment fails. If sexual relations continue, it is worth considering that the medications that are used to treat, reduce the strength of vaginal diaphragms and condoms.
Treatment of trichomoniasis in pregnant women
Trichomoniasis poses a great danger during pregnancy and often leads to premature birth, postnatal complications and infection with Trichomonas newborn baby. Therefore, the treatment of women during pregnancy is strictly necessary and must take place exclusively under the supervision of a physician.
Usually Trichomonas vaginitis is a mixed protozoan–bacterial process, as Trichomonas is a reservoir for staphylococci, Ureaplasma, chlamydia, Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Only a tenth of patients undergoing treatment of monoinfection – Trichomonas.
And 90% of women patients must be treated from the plurality of different infections. It is worth noting that in 20% of cases there is a recurrence of the disease.
Immunity from Trichomonas vaginitis does not exist, so it is important to discover the first symptoms of this insidious disease, to complete a full course of treatment, carefully observing all the prescriptions of the doctor.