Types of partial birth abortion, what abortion is safer contraindications
Sometimes the pregnancy at a certain stage of a woman’s life becomes unwelcome, and then a decision is made about its termination. For medical reasons an abortion make at any time, and in some cases it is simply necessary. To make a final decision, a woman needs to know the types of abortions and their consequences. Largely from the interrupt option and the duration of pregnancy depends on whether in the future she can conceive and give birth to a healthy baby.
The types of abortion
There are several varieties of abortion. Pregnancy spontaneously aborted (miscarriage) under the influence of aggressive factors (infection, poisoning, stress, intoxication, etc.). Induced abortions are the following types:
- Surgical (vacuum aspiration, kuretani the curettage, saline abortion, caesarean section).
- Non-surgical (medication, with the use of homeopathy and acupuncture).
Abortion the doctor can only be solved after a complex research. This requires a General analysis of blood and urine, determination of the level of HCG, coagulation, infections, and ultrasound. A woman has the right to choose to terminate a pregnancy. If the results of the research she has contraindications to abortion, the doctor himself offers the most gentle for the body an option. Gynecologists prefer early medical abortion and vacuum aspiration.
Abortion is best in the early period to do with the use of hormonal medicines. The task of preparations consists in the detachment of the ovum and its expulsion from the uterine cavity. The ideal period for abortion is considered to be 4 to 6 weeks, but not later than 42 days from the last menstrual period. Remedies are prescribed individually depending on the characteristics of the organism and contraindications.
Based on test results, the doctor prescribes the drug to the patient. She takes a pill and remains under observation in hospital for up to 2 hours. Allowed the use of drugs at home, but under the supervision of a gynecologist. Since taking the medicine and the emergence of bleeding should not be more than 24 hours. Profuse discharge is the reason for going to the hospital.
If after 12 hours of hormone treatment started vomiting, then there is no result. As soon as possible the necessary re-appointment. Strong pain during medical termination does not happen. Usually the woman pulls the lower abdomen or lower back.
Among the hormonal methods are the most common:
The drugs based on blocking the formation of progesterone, necessary for the growth and development of the fetus. In the result the cervix spontaneously revealed, and there is uterine bleeding.
The lack of discomfort of talking about the good result. A few days a woman needs to go to the doctor for an ultrasound. The gynecologist must make sure that the uterus was completely clear from the ovum. It must be remembered, which would not have applied types of abortion, a confirmation ultrasound for women’s health must spend. Sometimes a gynecologist assigned to the repeated study patient according to indications.
Termination of pregnancy using hormonal methods is the safest form of abortion. The findings are based on minimal risk of complications and rapid recovery of the body.
Many types of surgical abortions less safe for women and the timing of their implementation are not limited to, if the testimony of the medical. The frame timing has a mini-abortion (vacuum aspiration), and it is shown in the period of 5 weeks of pregnancy. For security he put on the second place after drug.
The procedure involves “pumping” of the fertilized egg from the uterine cavity without expanding the cervix. If abortion is done after 7 weeks, the cannula to the vacuum suction is taken wider than in the early period. Most often in the later stages of pregnancy, the doctors prefer to use curetage scraping in combination with vacuum aspiration. This is due to the dense attachment of the embryo to the uterine wall, which creates difficulty in its detachment and removal. Mini-abortion is contraindicated in women in the following cases:
- ectopic pregnancy;
- violation of blood coagulability;
- pregnancy more than 5 weeks (only in combination with curettage);
- after the previous birth was less than six months.
Many women prefer vacuum aspiration compared with other surgical abortions. The risk of complications after the procedure is minimal, and hospitalization after intervention is not needed. In the process of performing the abortion is required an electric pump. Before the surgery, the doctor performs local anesthesia. Then introduced into the uterus of a special tube, creating negative pressure. It creates a good background to facilitate the removal of the ovum. The procedure lasts no more than 10 – 15 minutes. An abortion can be carried out under General anesthesia.
Considerable health risks to have a surgical abortion, but species vary in the duration of recovery of reproductive function. Minimal risk of complications and rapid stabilization of the condition of the woman after abortion will be up to 7 weeks.
Is among the most affordable among surgical interventions. The woman decided on a procedure of their own accord or upon detection of abnormalities in the child. Most often it is performed before 12 weeks of pregnancy. If necessary, the patient goes to an abortion in the second trimester.
Kuretani scraping practiced for many decades, and all the consequences associated with mechanical damage to the inner layer of the uterus. The patient intervention is contraindicated in the following situations:
- ectopic pregnancy;
- some chronic diseases in the acute stage.
If you have one of these items to the woman is assigned to the first treatment of the underlying disease, then a surgical abortion. It is performed under General anesthesia with the use of cervical dilators to get to the uterus. Then inside the forceps are to extract the ovum. If something is left inside, it uses a special pump or curette.
Surgical interruption poses a threat to the health of women in the later stages. Initially disrupted the tone of the cervix due to mechanical impact. The conditions for the bacteria to grow. After the procedure, the doctor prescribes treatment, including antibiotics. To keep the intestinal flora, probiotics or prebiotics are used.
The procedure consists in introducing into an amniotic bubble of caustic salt solution. Within 2 days it immobilizes the fruit, and then in the hospital performed the artificial stimulation of childbirth. The technique is rarely used because of low efficiency and the possibility to terminate the pregnancy faster other ways.
Abortion at low caesarean section
It is performed by tearing of the lower segment of the uterus. The procedure facilitates the access to the cavity and the extraction of the ovum from the placenta. After the small cesarean section is possible to conduct sterilization. The interruption of the running on the period after 18 weeks of pregnancy.
Discharge after abortion
After an abortion a woman expects menstruation, and it happens as in a regular cycle. With its appearance the patient observes secretions, which should not be abundant. Medical abortion and vacuum aspiration do not usually break the cycle. Problems arise after Kuryanovo scraping, so the doctor prescribes hormones.
She should remember that all types used abortion brought about by complications. Hormonal changes always occur and the body needs time to recover. Therefore, to preserve the reproductive function and the health of the body, it is necessary to consider in advance. If the decision is made, it is safer to decide on abortion in the early stages, when the risk of complications is minimal.