Ureaplasma and Mycoplasma in women: tank sowing and treatment
Ureaplasma and Mycoplasma in women provoke ureaplasmosis, mycoplasmosis. In medical practice often speak about Ureaplasma and Mycoplasma infections. Bacteria related, so one of the diseases shows that a high probability of occurrence of the second.
- pain during intercourse;
- violation of urination;
- pathological vaginal discharge.
Without treatment, the disease becomes chronic and causes infertility.
Ureaplasma and Mycoplasma are the bacteria causing inflammatory diseases. In science there are 17 species of bacteria, but dangerous for a person only five:
- Mycoplasma genitalium;
- causes Mycoplasma genitalium;
- Mycoplasma, pheumonia;
- Ureaplasma parvum;
- Ureaplasma urealyticum.
To be treated in the latter two cases have the same, so in clinical practice it is not customary to share these infection with different subtypes of the disease.
The origin of the disease?
To fear for the health of women, especially planning a pregnancy, it turns into a nightmare: “How can you get Mycoplasma?”, “Mycoplasma,” “Mycoplasma and inflammation” – fear not released. That wasn’t so bad, you need to understand what the disease is and where it comes from.
Pathogen disease – a cross between the simplest organisms, viruses, bacteria. The size of the Mycoplasma 125 – 250 µm. Although Mycoplasma is referred to the bacteria, no microorganism is characteristic of such cell walls. Micro-organism are susceptible to erythromycin and tetracycline.
A specific approach to women requires Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma during pregnancy.
In a healthy person of Ureaplasma and some species of Mycoplasma are present in the mucous membranes, thereby classified as opportunistic. Inflammation starts when the stress, the other favorable to the pathogen, the conditions encourage the growth and multiplication of bacterial colonies.
The lack of the cell wall leads to the inaction of immunocompetent organs and insufficient production of antibodies. In this regard, Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma often lead to the development of chronic infection. This feature is important for treatment, because it explains the resistance of the pathogen to most antibacterial drugs. The effectiveness of narrow-spectrum antibiotics due to specific active substances.
Causes of infection
Infection occurs through sexual contact with a carrier of the disease. The likelihood of damage to the body depends on the immune system. If the immune system is weak, the risk is above 50%, but a high resistance reduces the chance to 10%.
One of the ways of infection – childbirth, when the pathogen is transmitted from mother to child. The transmission is possible in utero
Household transmission (through shared utensils, personal belongings) is unlikely, because it left the human body, the pathogen quickly dies.
Occasionally a carrier of the disease becomes animal. The chance of getting sick appears when human contact with an infected individual, but Microbiology evaluates it as very low.
The causative agent a healthy body
In healthy women, revealed:
- Ureaplasma urealyticum;
- Ureaplasma parvum;
- Mycoplasma hominis.
Mycoplasma genitalium is a pathogen and is not found in the genital tract. Possible carriers of the microorganism without clinical symptoms of the disease.
The first symptoms: what to do?
Suspecting inflammation, visit your doctor. The gynecologist will take a swab on the flora and material for bacterial culture. Upon confirmation of the diagnosis prescribe a course of treatment.
The symptoms suggestive mycoplasmosis in women:
- arising in the lower third of the abdomen pain during intercourse and after.
- soreness of the joints, lower back;
- itching, burning sensation when urinating;
- pathological vaginal discharge;
- nagging pain below the stomach.
Remember, the list contains not only the symptoms of myco-ureaplasmosis, and other gynecological diseases. The exact cause of the discomfort is determined by the doctor.
A timely appeal to the clinic for treatment of the disease allows to preserve the health, excludes infertility due to inflammation. For those who did not give birth, is important to see a doctor, do not tighten with treatment.
Mycoplasma and pregnancy planning
When planning conception necessary in the analysis for Mycoplasma no, doctors recommend to pass inspection if:
- practiced sex without barrier contraception;
- revealed inflammation of the urethra, cervix, vagina;
- medical history includes miscarriages, non-developing pregnancy;
- diagnosed with infertility without obvious reasons;
- observed manifestations of pyelonephritis;
- diagnosed with sexual infections;
- was diagnosed with bacterial vaginosis.
The list additionally, include the need to study if previously diagnosed, urea, mycoplasmosis. A positive result of bacterial culture test indicates the need for treatment of the expectant mother, together with their regular sexual partner if:
- in the urogenital system discovered inflammation;
- a titer of 10×4 CFU/ml or more;
- first missed abortion, miscarriages happened at least twice;
- the partner is manifested urethritis;
- diagnosed with Mycoplasma genitalium.
No one knows exactly dangerous infection for pregnancy. Statistics shows that among infertile women, these bacteria are common, but a direct connection is not revealed. Ureaplasma and Mycoplasma infections are considered one of the causes of infertility and frequent miscarriages. Increase the chances of successful fertilization and pregnancy antibacterial drugs. The treatment regimen is selected individually.
In rare cases, ureaplasmosis, mycoplasmosis has:
- the salpingitis;
- the adhesion process in the fallopian tubes.
This leads to obstruction of tubes and the inability to become pregnant and bear a child. Adhesions also increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy. Hysterosalpingography allows to determine the status of the fallopian tubes.
Mycoplasma in pregnant women
If microbiological examination of the smear for chlamydia, Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma in women showed the presence of the pathogen, it affects childbearing. Increase risks:
- abortion in the early stages;
- premature birth;
- regression of pregnancy;
- the rupture of membranes before term;
- the birth of a child weighing less than 2.5 kg;
- postpartum endometritis;
- placental insufficiency.
Among the successfully treated, urea-, Mycoplasma women termination of pregnancy is unlikely.
Remember that the agent at the stage of pregnancy harms the fetus. Increase the chances:
- congenital mycoplasmosis;
- inflammation of the lungs.
Self-medication is unacceptable, because incorrectly chosen medication affect the fetus.
The need for therapy in each case is determined individually by the physician based on the test results, the woman’s condition, comorbidities.
At the first suspicion of infection of both partners is recommended to visit a doctor. Before taking tank cultures for Ureaplasma and Mycoplasma, should:
- 2 – 3 days to refrain from sexual activity;
- 7 days do not use genital drugs;
- to monitor the hygiene of the genital organs.
Diagnosis in women includes:
- gynecological examination;
- bacterial inoculation;
- a blood test for antibodies.
- PCR diagnostics.
Gynecological examination reveals:
- inflammatory changes of the vagina and cervix;
- the presence of unusual discharge.
The definitive diagnosis is made on the basis of information obtained in the smear. If urea-, Mycoplasma is not detected, but there are other infections that will be able to identify them.
The next stage is inoculation of Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma, which allows to investigate bacteria. Upon detection of the pathogen reveal the concentration, belonging to a subspecies, resistance to antibiotics. In case of positive result, the doctor selects appropriate interventions for treatment.
Without timely treatment, the disease becomes chronic and causes complications.
Ureaplasma and Mycoplasma is usually treated in women, the normalization of microflora of the genital organs. To do this, use probiotics and other means, reducing the microbial landscape of the mucous membrane.
The period of treatment does not allow sex. A month after the completion of the course make an analysis by PCR or ELISA. At relapse of the disease resort to other antibiotics and to conduct additional research.
Preventive measures recommended have undergone the treatment and those who did not catch Miko and Ureaplasma. Prevent the defeat of the body:
- the rejection of promiscuous;
- the use of barrier contraception;
- regular examination in the presence of symptoms;
- increased immunity.
Do not forget to regularly visit the gynecologist. Frequency of preventive examinations once a year. It helps prevent not only Miko-a ureaplasmosis, and other gynecological diseases.