Vaginitis in girls: what to treat children, symptoms, signs, help
Over 90% of all diseases of the genitourinary system accounted for vaginitis in children under 10 years of age. Vaginitis or vaginitis is an inflammation of the mucous membranes of the vagina. First, the inflammatory process develops only in the vagina, but if treatment is not carried out, the disease extends to the urethra, the cervix and the uterus, ovaries.
Causes of vaginitis in girls
The main cause of vaginitis in a child is hit in the vagina infection with insufficient cleanliness of hands, as well as children’s habits of touching their genitals. So, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus transferred from the oral cavity various types of bacteria, including dysentery, E. coli, various fungi from the rectum.
Among the other reasons worth noting:
- foreign objects in the vagina of the child;
- application without the knowledge of the doctor of antibiotics such as tetracycline, penicillin,
- depressing the immune system of the child;
- wearing underwear made of synthetic materials;
- the use of foam bath products, concentrated cleaning and detergents;
- helminthic infestation.
Pinworms or ascarids cause in the genital folds of the girl’s severe itching. Scratching leads to swelling and redness of the mucous membranes, the integrity of which is disrupted and pathogenic microbes easily penetrate there.
In addition, itching of the perineum causes nervousness, restless sleep. Such children are cranky, slow to gain weight.
The manifestation of vaginitis
When vaginitis the totality of symptoms is the same for patients of all ages. Usually a worrying sharp pain when urination. On underwear remains the allocation of a yellowish or white color, having a peculiar odor. Genitals reddened and swollen. Sometimes vaginitis is chronic latent form. The girl it can occur from birth, and symptoms manifest at a later date.
The factors contributing to the development of the disease
Vaginitis in girls, almost always appears with the weakening of local and General immunity. In addition, the recovery process in these girls more prolonged and the disease occurs in severe form, often there are complications (merging of skin folds that limit the threshold of the vagina, vaginal walls, the spread of the inflammatory process in pelvic organs).
At the beginning of the development of the disease pain may not cause great concern, but if vaginitis is not treated, then after a while, when girls begin menstruation, the abdomen often intense pain.
The genitals of girls and 2-9 years have certain characteristics. So, the epithelial covering of the mucous membranes are very delicate and easy to injure. The vaginal environment in this age of neutral or alkaline, which is favorable for bacteria.
Predisposing factors to the development of vaginitis in childhood is a common, reduced reactivity, susceptibility to serious diseases, among which the leading place is occupied by various infections (influenza, dysentery, diphtheria, measles), tuberculosis.
Thus, in pediatric gynecology vaginitis is diagnosed most often during the flu epidemic. That is why great attention should be paid to the prevention of infections in this age period and to be adequate treatment.
Diagnosis and treatment
Appeal to the children’s gynecologist should not be delayed. At the first symptoms of the disease should conduct all necessary studies, including, to take for bacterial culture swab. Timely initiation of treatment will prevent chronic disease.
If the presumptive diagnosis is confirmed, treatment based on the causative agent and the age of the girl. The patient normally require local treatment with ointments, suppositories, hip baths, thorough hygiene and wearing underwear made of cotton fabrics. With a weakened immune system gynecologist recommends taking vitamin, immunomodulating funds, adherence to a special diet that complements primary treatment.
In the case where the measures taken do not lead to the convalescence of the patient, a treatment with antibiotics. After medical therapy, you need to take Lactobacillus and bifidus bacteria to restore the normal vaginal microflora.
Foundation for the prevention of vaginitis in children
Parents must constantly be mindful that carelessness provokes many infectious diseases, so it should be a daily struggle. It is important to observe hygiene, not only the body but also homes, clothes, underwear.
Sheets, towel, washcloth, toothbrush should be clean. We cannot allow the use girl public toilet.
Baby clothes and linen, should be washed either with soap or powders for children. It is extremely important to follow the diet girl the diet must be present fruits and vegetables in sufficient amounts, the consumption of sweets should be limited.
You need to monitor the cleanliness of the girl’s body each day to wash away the genitals. To prevent the penetration of the vagina flora of the intestines, washing away must be carried out in the direction from front to back. For these purposes water should be boiled and warm.
It is very important to practice the gradual hardening of the child’s body, which will carry communicable diseases without complications and simplifying treatment.