Varicose veins labia during pregnancy: symptoms and treatment
Varicose veins – pathology, which is most often associated with the lower limbs or region of the anus. But pregnant women in the third trimester there is a special condition. They found varicose veins in the groin and perineum. It is important to remember that this condition in pregnant women has certain peculiarities of treatment.
Causes of varicose veins
In women more often than men, there is a widening of veins, especially when bearing fruit. Varicose veins labia during pregnancy occurs when the load increases on the body. Every subsequent birth increase the risk of this condition.
There are the following causes of varicose veins:
- hormonal changes;
- uterine enlargement during pregnancy;
- the increase in the volume of blood in the vessels;
- hereditary factor;
- a sedentary lifestyle;
Common causes include compression of the pregnant uterus blood vessels. For a while they cope with the problem, but there comes a time when the circulation is disturbed, and in the veins there is stagnation. It is manifested by varicose veins that become clearly visible on the genitals.
On the vascular wall affects and hormonal changes. In pregnant women significantly increases the levels of estrogen and progesterone. As a result, the endothelium becomes easily extensible. Additional risk provides the hormone relaxin that is necessary to relax the muscular fibres of the uterus. He also acts on the blood vessels. They contain muscle fibers and the relaxin causes thinning and stretching.
Pelvic veins and vessels of the lower limbs cease to support the old form. After these changes the blood is not moving with the same speed, and it leads to stagnation. Gradually varicose veins in the lower extremities and labia.
The significant role played by adverse heredity. If close relatives suffered from varicose veins anywhere on the body, women have a high risk to not only varicose veins of the lower extremities, but also the labia or hemorrhoids.
One means of prevention of circulatory disorders is the active mode of the day. Long stay in a sitting position leads to stagnation in the pelvis.
Almost every woman who is expecting a child, suffering from constipation. At infringement of normal functioning of bowel, intra-abdominal pressure exceeds the allowable level. As a result, the wall of the blood vessels of the pelvis and lower extremities are experiencing high load. Over time, there is vaginal varicose veins, vasodilation in the genitals and legs.
Symptoms of varicose veins labia
Signs of varicose veins can be divided into several stages depending on the severity of the condition and the severity of the process. The clinical course distinguish 3 stages. Early in the disease genital varices is impossible to see during the inspection. Women noted only dryness in the genital area of the lips and the swelling. Often, pregnant women complain of itching of the skin in the groin area.
When a varicosity moves into the second stage, we extended the bath of the genital organs begin to Shine through the skin. When polerowanie plots still felt tight cords. In addition, observed:
- dry skin;
- bluish tint of the skin;
- swelling of the labia;
- feeling of fullness in the groin when walking.
At the last stage of varicose veins labia during the examination visibly enlarged blood vessels. They rise above the surface of the skin and not infrequently have the appearance of bunches of blue-purple hue. The touch nodes soft-elastic and after squeezing easily return to previous form. In the supine position such nodes are much reduced in size. Varicose in the area of the labia brings discomfort, hinders movement and causes a feeling of heaviness when moving.
At any stage during pregnancy to start treatment. The running course of the disease threatens the development of complications.
Treatment of varicose veins
The gynecologist prescribes a treatment plan in conjunction with flebologia. Regardless of the timing of appearance of the nodes (before pregnancy or during it) recommended an integrated approach with drugs and without them.
Non-pharmacological treatment should begin with the correct nutrition. If a pregnant woman is overweight, she needs to stick to a diet. The diet appointed by the gynecologist to remove high-calorie foods and enable the growing fetus with vitamins and minerals.
Sosudoukreplyayuschim properties are the following:
- black currant;
In day mode the dosed physical load. Depending on the interests of women she is allowed to attend classes in yoga, perform gymnastics. Beneficial properties to strengthen the blood vessels and the body’s defenses have water therapies (swimming pool). Varicose veins during pregnancy can be treated by exposure to a stream of water in the crotch area.
To reduce the pressure in the veins of the pelvis and lower limbs, a woman should wear a compression garment. With a choice of size and its wear will help phlebologist. Pregnant woman needs to wear underwear every morning before getting out of bed. You must raise the foot to flowing whole blood. Then a compression garment can be worn.
If possible, it is recommended to visit the leech therapy kolpakovoj region after obtaining permission phlebologist at her. Widely used traditional medicine in combination with other treatments. Sosudoukreplyayuschim properties are:
- oak bark;
- walnut walls;
- horse chestnut (fruits or flowers).
Herbal remedies recommended for use inside, in the form of compresses, lotions and rubdown.
Among drugs, the most popular is preparations, the task of which is to strengthen the vascular wall. Varicose veins of the vagina are often treated with Dihydroquercetin or with askorutin. Improve blood circulation in the tissues and accelerate the metabolism Trental and Pentoxifylline. To maintain the tone of blood vessels prescribed venotonic (Troxerutin, Detralex). Preparations with local application – Venoruton, Ginkor gel Venitan.
Surgical treatment of varicose veins of the labia
With the ineffectiveness of these methods, a woman in the absence of direct testimony surgical treatment. The operation is performed only after the birth of the child. Well proven sclerotherapy. In the swollen areas of a blood vessel is introduced a solution. He comes to the extended footage and narrows it. Stagnant blood is pushed with a solution of diseased vessels in healthy. After that the affected varicose hosts pane squeeze in a few minutes.
If you can not carry out sclerotherapy, after the birth the woman recommended the following types of operations:
- Radiofrequency coagulation.
- Laser coagulation.
The purpose of phlebectomy to remove varicose nodes with a special probe. During RF coagulation is used the radiation can be applied through the skin and destroy the deformed areas. Minimal invasiveness is the difference between laser coagulation. In the area affected vessels perform a puncture and inject the fibers. The laser pulse produces charring of the walls, and after a while of these places to heal and fully heal.
Varices of the labia timely begun treatment to eliminate it. In the early stages of the disease in most cases resolves themselves soon after birth without additional therapy. To prevent the node, it is necessary to follow all recommendations of the doctor, a leading pregnancy.