Varieties of types of ovarian cysts
From the Greek word «κύστις» — bladder or bag — was the official name of a disease like ovarian cyst or sebaceous cyst. Being located on the surface or inside the ovary, the pouch of liquid many prevents to live. Usually a manifestation of sebaceous cysts of the ovary is not an indicator of disorders of the body, and even Vice versa. However, some types of ovarian cysts require urgent treatment.
The nature of proliferation of tumor
Ovarian cyst — a benign tumor filled with secretions (fluid). The sizes of the cysts vary greatly, from a few millimeters to 10-15 cm the growth of think tumor process.
Measures necessary if sebaceous cyst of the ovary increases rapidly in size and begins to push on nearby organs. However, in the vast majority of cases the cyst is reduced independently. Sometimes the doctor prescribes medication. Much less is required to puncture or remove.
Why is the tumor growing?
The cyst is due to the normal monthly ovulation process. In the middle of the month in a woman’s body appears Grafov the bottle, regulating the process of ovulation. After a few days the tumor bursts, and in its place formed a yellow body, having in the center of the cyst. The normal size of which is 2-3 cm in diameter.
The rapid expansion of the cyst is a clear sign of failure of the body. Usually this happens in a few cases.
- Getting blood to a normal cyst.
- The content of the education side of organs: cartilage, hairs, bones. They mistakenly hit the ovaries, and is now causing serious problems.
- Extreme dieting or overeating.
- Frequent use of alcohol and drugs, Smoking.
- Regular abortions.
- Serious disease of the uterus and fallopian tubes.
Grading of ovarian cysts
Ovarian cysts are distributed into several types. Their classification is not so complicated. Each of the types referred to benign or malignant tumors, sometimes the view is not attributed to tumours in General. In the first case is a pathological education, it appears during disruption of cells. The second — enlarged benign tumor. Common malignant tumors are cancer.
A benign tumour. This type accounts for nearly 20% of all cases of ovarian cysts. She is the leader of the list of classifications. Inside of this neoplasm is almost all of tissue: nervous, epithelial, and fatty. But only in 2% of cases of dermoid sebaceous cyst transformirovalsya in cancer. This species grows extremely slowly. The main reason for the formation of dermoid sebaceous cysts — abnormal development of the fetus. Tissue heal almost in a chaotic manner, forming a bundle of various cells. Usually this development of the fetus contribute to congenital abnormalities of the maternal body.
Benign neoplasm. The outer shell is identical to the mucosa of the uterus. Inside this cyst is concentrated blood monthly. Typically, a woman fairly quickly realizes that there is a problem, feeling of heaviness and discomfort in the lower abdomen after menstruation. The formation of endometrioid tumors most vulnerable young women, girls and adolescents. Also, nulliparous women over 30 years old. Proliferating trichilemmal cyst always involves adjacent organs, puts pressure on them and can cause serious problems with urination, menstruation, the withdrawal of the decay products.
Polycystic ovary syndrome
Or PCOS. During this disease is disturbed hormonal the ovaries. Externally, the body looks quite healthy, but is significantly increased in size. The fact that it focused a few minor atheroma. The latter is not able to get out from under the shell of the ovary and release the ovum inside them. PCOS triggers the irregularity or absence of menstruation. In the period of ovulation, which is often not happening, she feels heaviness in the abdomen. At later stages, the severity grows into sharp pain.
A follicular cyst
Is an enlarged follicle Graaf. The maximum possible size — 8 cm are Almost always this kind of atheroma common among teenagers in puberty or in girls with premature puberty. In the first 4-5 years of menopause atheroma can not arise. The most exposed women of childbearing age and pregnant women. Sometimes the disease is not detected in the maternal body and the fetus or newborn.
Benign neoplasm. The difference between this type of cysts from all the rest — the structure of cells. They are identical to the cells of the mucous membrane of the fallopian tubes. Such a tumor is inside the cavity up to 30-40 cm in diameter. However suffer from this pathology only women over 45 years. A little more than 1% of cases, serous cystoma transformirovalsya in a malignant tumor — cancer.
Malignancy in 45-50% of cases. It looks like several processes of the drops on the inner or outer wall of the ovary. The world Health Organization, or who, will consider this kind of cysts to precancerous formations. And in 43% of cases with papillary cyst combined other abnormalities of the reproductive system and fetal development. In the first stages of development of this type of cyst a woman does not notice in himself any abnormalities. Only in the later stages is manifested severe abdominal pain, radiating to legs, and lower back, General fatigue, drowsiness.
A benign tumor, similar to serous cystomas. However, in this case the cells have a different structure. Education resembles a circle or oval with a rough bumpy surface. Most common in women over 50. However, there have been cases of detection of mucinous cystoma and at a younger age.
Luteum cyst of the ovary. This type of cyst can not be attributed to the good or malignant tumors. It develops inside the yellow body after ovulation if the latter is not atrophied (not subjected to regression). Because of this, blood flow is disturbed and forms a cystic cavity. However, the size of tumors only reach 7-8 cm. Long, the woman may not suspect the existence of a pathology.