Violation menstrualnogo cycle is the cycle

When the girl reaches the age of 12 – 14 years old, she begins the first critical days. This suggests that the body is physiologically ready to give new life. End of regular menstruation at the age of 50 – 55 years, followed by menopause. This whole process is divided into cycles, which are called menstrual. These periods have very strict time frame, but sometimes the menstrual cycle that entails a number of diseases or just unpleasant situations. But about all under the order.

Menstruation is a process of rejection by the body of the functional lining of the uterus. This happens in case if in the period of ovulation is not fertilized egg. In a normal menstrual cycle lasts 21 to 35 days. Regulation of the female cycle is exercised by the structures of the nervous system – hypothalamus and pituitary gland. Certain influence the thyroid gland and the adrenal cortex.

The first month the girls come in different ways. It depends, oddly enough, from the climate in which they live: the warmer the conditions, the faster the organism grows, therefore it is known that in many Scandinavian countries, the first critical days come in 16 and menstrual cycle can last up to 35 days. And for all those of the fair sex crashing of the monthly cycle in a few days on the background of stress is quite normal. But what if this failure happens regularly? What this means and how to treat disruptions of the female body?

The causes of the violations monthly

After the girl will start first menstruation, the period will be quite chaotic for 8 – 10 cycles. In this period there is changes the body and established healthy menstrual cycle ranges from 21 days to 35 days. In adult women, menstruation is more stable, so to follow their violation and to detect pathology much easier.


Of course, the most common cause of disorders of the monthly cycle women have become infections that affect the pelvic organs.

Probable signs of infection of the pelvic organs:

  • irregular menstruation (delayed 5 – 7 days and more);
  • a prolonged bleeding time (more than 7 days);
  • painful menstruation;
  • abdominal pain outside of menstruation;
  • the increase in body temperature.

If you notice that you have changed the cycle of monthly periods or menstruation became irregular, contact your doctor who will perform the examination and prescribe treatment.

Often menstrual period may shift or be extended due to gynecological diseases (uterus and appendages). In this way treatment is necessary, since it can cause infertility. For inflammation of the uterus appear severe pain in the abdomen, the formation of mucus. If you run a similar disease, they can be in the form of heavy bleeding, longer menstrual period or become completely unstable. In this case, it is imperative to consult a doctor.

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Hormonal disturbance

With this problem facing young girls and Mature women. Hormonal failure often caused by deficiency of the second phase of the menstrual cycle. But what will be the reason for the erratic secretion of hormones in the body?

  • Malfunction of the thyroid gland. We can talk about both its hyperfunction and hypofunction.
  • Dysfunction of the adrenal glands.
  • Acute and chronic diseases.

Hormonal pathology is often accompanied by a shortening of the time of menstrual bleeding and prolonged delay cycle. If periods become scarce and will continue to decrease, and the interval between them will increase, it is necessary to consult a doctor.

Hormonal contraceptives

When the woman uses contraceptive pills, it causes failure of the reproductive system, the sperm not able to fertilize the egg. But, in addition, these drugs carry serious influence on the same hormones, because of what their abolition may increase menstrual cycle 60 days. Of course, these drugs can be applied, but reasonably and after consultation with experienced doctor.

Climate change

As already stipulated above, the girls who live in warm climates, monthly begin much earlier. This suggests that climate directly affects the female body. For this reason, change of climatic zones can cause disturbances of menstruation. But there is no cure in this case is not necessary, the female body very quickly adapts to new environment and after a month everything will fall into place.

A bad dream

Lack of sleep is another cause of hormonal disorders in women. The fact that the productivity of the body falls, and he is not able to satisfy the female reproductive system in the right amount of essential elements. In this connection, menstruation may be disrupted for a day or two in either direction every cycle. To panic it is not necessary to normalize the cycle in this situation is simple enough. Just need to rest and to paint a work schedule, which will be enough time for sleep and rest. Then, with high probability, all will return into place.

Nutrition and physical activity

Who would have thought that such a thing as diet can affect the women’s menstrual cycle. For example, you decided to go on a diet, you restrict your body of certain harmful fats, cholesterol and other very useful substances. The body immediately senses this and starts to adjust to the hormone levels. This entails a change in the menstrual cycle and break her menstrual period. And if you add exercise, then this imbalance is more than likely. But the treatment in this case is not necessary, the process for the most part adaptive and in a month you will again be able to return to a stable menstrual cycle.

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Important point: a strict diet and sudden weight loss can cause amenorrhea. In this case, the menstrual period will be absent completely. It is necessary to consult a gynecologist and nutritionist.

Depression or severe stress

Already mentioned above that to bring down the menses for a few days can stressful situation and nothing to be afraid of, but the depression and constant worrying can cause problems much more serious, and change a menstrual period is just one of them. In this scenario, delays are possible up to 60 days. In such a situation, proper treatment is the only way, so as not to damage the fragile women’s health.

This is just the tip of the iceberg, there are far more serious problems why change cycle, which also need to be aware of.


If you think that 40 days is a very long cycle, then you, fortunately, are unknown to such problems as oligoovulation (rare ovulation) and anovulation (complete absence of ovulation, oocyte maturation). This is a very serious disease that requires medical intervention. When this disease interferes with the normal cycle and pregnancy is almost impossible.

Probable pregnancy

Cessation of menstruation may be a sign of pregnancy. Every menstrual cycle the uterus “repaired” before ovulation, preparing the body for a possible continuation of the species. If fertilization was carried out, the mucous membrane of the uterus no longer needs regular updating, therefore menstruation ceases. After birth menstrual cycle will gradually recover.

First period

The disturbance cycle in girls is very common and completely natural. The fact that at a young age hormones are just starting to set. The menstrual cycle is increased, it becomes shorter, but within the first year after menarche becomes stable, then it is easier to make a calendar for women.


Women who are exposed to extreme diets and begin to rapidly lose weight, you also begin to suffer from an irregular cycle. Such sharp changes in vitality are very harmful to the female body. But not only diet is to blame, and rapid weight gain. In this case, the menstrual period may become smaller or, conversely, longer. To avoid this outcome, use only those diets that are prescribed by a nutritionist, exercise and eat right. The diet in this case plays a crucial role. Interestingly, women who are anorexic, my period stopped altogether due to severe starvation and weakening of the body.


This term is more familiar Mature women. At the age of 45 – 50 years the body is no longer able to regenerate so rapidly, this also applies to the mucous membrane of the uterus: the menstrual cycle became longer and the monthly pass without abundant secretions. In this case, we can assume that the failure of menstruation in adulthood – is the first sign of menopause. This also applies to women with early menopause.

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So, it is necessary to summarize. There are a large number of diseases and disorders that cause an increase the menstrual cycle, reduction or instability. Of treatment needless to say, after all, thousands of gynecologists from all over the world telling me that diseases of the female body need to fight under the supervision of doctors, no self-treatment and the more traditional medicine. All medications should write to the gynecologist after a thorough examination of the patient.

Factor Reasons Symptoms The consequences Severity on a 10 point scale
The menstrual cycle without apparent symptoms Infection The transition of infection to other organs, infertility 5
The menstrual cycle, lengthening of the menstrual cycle Hormonal disturbance Fatigue, heaviness in body, nausea, changes in other organs The decrease in female function, skin dryness and increased sensitivity of genital organs 7
The menstrual cycle Hormonal contraceptives Decreased sexual function, a feeling of dryness in the bikini area 3
The menstrual cycle Changing climatic conditions Heaviness, drowsiness, fatigue 1
The menstrual cycle Lack of sleep Heaviness, drowsiness, fatigue 2
The menstrual cycle An unbalanced diet Heaviness in the body, fatigue Odour, itching and rashes 4
Violation and lengthening of the menstrual cycle Stress and depression Lack of alertness, drowsiness 3
The menstrual cycle, or stop Oligoovulation and anovulation Abnormal discharge. the decrease in female function, infertility. 10
The menstrual cycle, or stop Inflammation of the uterus and its appendages Abdominal pain, fever, odor, heavy discharge the decrease in female function, infertility. 8
Cessation of menstruation Pregnancy Sleepiness and fatigue, morning sickness 1
The menstrual cycle First period 1
Increased or decreased menstrual cycle without causes of disease Sudden weight gain or weight loss, anorexia 3
Cessation of menstruation Menopause Hot flashes, sweating, insomnia, mood swings 2

Now you will know why the crash occurs the menstrual cycle, what to do when this happened to you. So if you have changed the terms regarding menstruation, still do not panic, it is necessary to study in detail all the symptoms and it is best to consult a doctor.