What to eat before blood donation?
The donation is voluntary blood donation and its components. This procedure allows you to save the lives of many people in the course of surgical intervention, immediate assistance in case of massive bleeding, treatment of anemia and other diseases. Despite the constant demand for blood and its elements, not anyone can become a donor.
Question about what to eat before blood donation, interested in those who first encounters with such event. Medical statistics show that this procedure is usually performed by men. But, despite this fact, there is a sufficient number of donors are female.
What is the procedure of blood collection
The fence material is carried out at the station of blood transfusion in a special laboratory, where he created most favorable conditions for this procedure.
Blood precedes the whole complex diagnostic procedures aimed at the confirmation of permission to be a donor. These include the following:
- Interview with a haematologist or other health worker about the collection of data for compilation of history. At the same time, the donor completes a questionnaire, which indicates their physical characteristics, overall health, transferred earlier diseases and other important facts.
- Giving blood for analysis against the required indicators. The laboratory decrypts the leukocyte formula, reveals in the blood of antibodies to various diseases (hepatitis b, AIDS, syphilis), determine the group, RH factor. Just make sure the compliance of all the required parameters, the patient is considered as a potential donor.
- The consultation – the final procedure. The doctor evaluates the physical condition of the women, wishing to donate blood on the basis of visual examination and anamnesis. Under current law donors may be persons who have attained the age of 18 and are residents (persons permanently residing on the territory of the Russian Federation). In addition to this requirement, take into account the main physiological indicator of weight at least 50 kg. After conducting the examination, the doctor issues a certificate of authorization for blood sampling.
If a woman decided to become a regular donor regular checkups in a medical facility should become the norm. It will regularly (every year) to pass a chest x-ray, examination on the gynecological chair and the other required methods of examination before each blood sampling and its components.
In order not to cause serious harm to the health of the woman, the blood is allowed to surrender not more than 4 times a year. This rule applied to all women regardless of age. Full recovery of blood counts occurs not earlier than 3 months. Procedures for collection of blood components (plasma, erythrocytes) requires deeper examination.
Depending on how the fence will be made of a material, the physician coordinating their actions. There are two options for this procedure:
- intermittent – in which each portion of the separated blood components needed, and the remainder transfused back to the donor;
- hardware – when the blood continuously poured from one hand to the other.
The fence is carried out in conditions as acceptable for this purpose. The donor is in a special chair in the reclining position, lying down or sitting. Doctor hematologist, transfusiologist or pinched harness the forearm and injects the needle into the vein, located at the site of the elbow. Connecting to the needle is a plastic tube with a special filter that regulates the speed of blood flow. Then blood fills the plastic container.
Some of the donated blood is sent to a laboratory for more in-depth research on malaria, systemic lupus lupus, and other diseases. For all manipulations, use of facilities for one use only. The result of the analysis will be ready in 10 minutes.
If the blood corresponds to the normal indicators, it is sent for further transport. Existing today, modern equipment allows to separate the necessary components at the time of blood donation.
The least duration of time it takes to fence the whole blood (up to 15 minutes) and the maximum separation of the erythrocytes (up to 1.5 hours). One treatment can take less than 450 ml of blood, not to cause health damage. The physiological norm is provided both for women and for men.
The preparatory period, the power correction
Women who donate blood, should adhere to certain rules:
- healthy lifestyle;
- the observance of the regime of sleep and wakefulness;
- quitting bad habits (alcohol, nicotine, drugs);
- the lack of casual sex
- the refusal of visiting tattoo parlours;
- timely treatment of diseases;
- avoid high physical activity and stressful situations;
- the rejection of the use of medicines (antibiotics, krovanistaya drugs, vaccines).
Special attention should be correction of the diet. Emphasis is directed to the use of natural products without preservatives, flavors and other food additives.
In the daily diet is recommended to include the following foods:
- Buckwheat, wheat, barley, millet porridge cooked with a little added butter. Combine them with vegetables or a goulash.
After the procedure, the nurse another 30 minutes under the supervision of medical personnel. In the event of unforeseen circumstances, she can always count on expert help.
Among the main recommendations after the blood is isolated:
- stay in a horizontal position for 10 to 15 minutes facilitating a smooth recovery, return to normal physiological parameters;
- the emergence of dizziness and nausea – a common phenomenon, which should always let medical personnel for first aid;
- if a woman felt unwell outside of medical institutions, as soon as possible to take a horizontal position with raised legs;
- imposed doctor the dressing is not removed for 3 to 4 hours, during water and hygienic procedures, the injection site and cover with protective film;
- during the day comply with the security mode of the day and nutrition (limitation of physical activity, restful sleep, abundant drinking regime, the complete absence of alcohol).
Contraindications for blood donation
There is a category of persons for whom the donation is contraindicated in full or with restriction to a specific period of time. Why a woman shouldn’t donate blood, explain to the doctor. If there is a great desire to benefit, to devote himself to the organization and promotion of organ donation. Preference is always given to voluntary donors who provide assistance to people in distress, free of charge.
The table shows who should not be allowed for any reason to donate blood
Absolute contraindication Temporary restriction HIV (AIDS), viral hepatitis, syphilis Surgery (from 10 days to 12 months, depending on the manipulation) Radiation sickness Alcohol and drug addiction Vaccination: toxoid – 10 days, a live vaccine 30 days, against rabies – 14 days, immunoglobulin – 12 months Mental illness Procedures for tattooing and acupuncture (12 months) Endocrine system diseases, metabolic disorders Acute respiratory viral infections (14-30 days) Diseases of the respiratory system (asthma, emphysema, etc.) Typhoid fever (12 months) Cancer Yellow fever, cholera, malaria, necatoroz, leishmaniasis – 3 years Severe cardiovascular diseases and malformations A stay in the exotic countries – 3 – 36 months (under supervision) Some parasitic infections and diseases of the skin The birth of a child, the end of lactation period is 3 months Severe diseases of the digestive system (stomach ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer, cholecystitis, liver cirrhosis and others) Menstrual period (5-7 days after complete cessation of discharge) Kidney disease in the decompensation stage (renal failure, urolithiasis, pyelonephritis and others) Infectious-inflammatory processes (to determine the causes) A high degree of myopia, severe pathology of ENT organs Dystonia (after elimination of clinical symptoms) Tuberculosis Helminth infection (1-3 years) Typhus Antibiotic therapy (14 days) Brucellosis Tularemia Leprosy
Voluntary blood donation is a moral responsibility of every person. Long-term clinical trials did not reveal any abnormalities in the health status of people who have adhered to the who’s “physiological dose” routine and balanced diet with blood donation.