Why before menstruation increases the weight

Menstruation – one of the periods of the female cycle, manifested by release of blood from the genital tract. And before menstruation, many women notice changes in the body. Oedema, mood change and weight gain – constant companions of premenstrual syndrome. The last symptom is the most common, and appear under the influence of internal factors. Knowing why weight increases before menstruation, the gynecologist will give advice to facilitate the flow of premenstrual syndrome.

Factors influencing weight

There are the following reasons why weight increases before menstruation:

  • hormonal changes;
  • the accumulation of excess fluid in the body;
  • psychological problems.

Any change in this period is only temporary and after the end of the month everything is back to normal. Blood loss for women individual, and therefore, when the discharge is over, you may need corrective treatment.


The most common cause of obesity is increased appetite on the background of hormonal changes. Special influence of the following hormones:

  • progesterone;
  • estrogens;
  • serotonin.

Normal after cessation of vaginal bleeding on the 14th day from the first day of menstruation comes out the ripened egg. Since then, the level of estrogens decreases and the amount of progesterone begins to increase. The hormone is responsible for the creation of a reserve of nutrients, it prepares the body to attack a possible pregnancy. Such a condition is laid down by nature for normal growth of the embryo in the uterus. The range of nutrients the woman notes in the form of extra pounds.

Under the influence of progesterone each month in women there is a strong appetite before menstruation. Food preferences are given sweets to cheer up and calm.

At the beginning of the second phase of the cycle besides increasing the concentration of progesterone is observed falling of serotonin. It affects the mood changes in the premenstrual period. A woman becomes irritable and emotional. She’s attracted to chocolate that affect the levels of serotonin. From sweet mood will increase, but it lasts a short time. Then again there is the desire for chocolate. Excessive consumption of sweets will inevitably lead to weight gain.

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Usually weight not exceeding 1 kg and after menstruation typed weight goes unnoticed. This condition is due to the following reasons:

  • breast enlargement;
  • the delay of excess fluid in tissues;
  • the tendency to constipation.

Hormones, the concentration of which in the rate is increased in the second phase of the menstrual cycle, promote relaxation of muscle fibers of the intestine. The result is a violation of peristalsis, which is manifested by constipation and increased flatulence. Rare bowel movement before menstruation also affect weight gain.

Fluid retention in the tissues

The accumulation of excess fluid in the tissues before the critical days depends on hormonal activity. Estrogens delay sodium in the body and as a consequence water. Most often, swelling is noted at the following sites:

  • mammary glands;
  • face;
  • abdomen;
  • Shin.

Progesterone deficiency is always during premenstrual syndrome combined with high levels of estrogen. Together, these processes have a diuretic effect. Sensitivity to prolactin may be increased. As a result it retains fluid, which normally must be removed by the kidneys.

The number of vasopressin before menstruation is added. Its mission is to the antidiuretic effect on the kidney. In the end, the frequency of urination decreases and the removal of fluid slows down. Therefore, the weight before menstruation increases, and there is heaviness in the legs. This condition protects the woman before the upcoming blood loss and dehydration.

Not only the physiological processes of water retention associated with changes in the concentration of hormones. Often this is determined by the taste preferences of women. The use of some products facilitates the accumulation of water in tissues. These include:

  • salt;
  • citrus;
  • sweets;
  • bakery products;
  • conservation and marinades.
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These products attract water and never allow it to come naturally. Gradually the weight begins to add up, that becomes evident not only on the scales but feels female.

The swelling gradually diminishes during menstruation. In some cases, women say that you lose up to 2 – 3 kg weight. Therefore, it is important to experience short-term changes and start to lose weight, exhausting the female body diets.

Noticeably swollen legs in legs before periods with decreasing physical activity. Reduced physical activity is associated with the appearance of apathy, fatigue and sleepiness.


With moderate blood loss from the menstrual blood comes out to 30 g of iron. Anemia and hormonal changes increase hunger, but to quench you have to eat sweets and flour products. As a result, women say that weight increases during menstruation, and after going back to dieting. To prevent anemia you need to eat iron-containing foods (beef, buckwheat, liver).

Psychological problems

To recover some women begin not only against water retention in the tissues or anemia. In awaiting of pain in the premenstrual period and the period often scaring themselves. This bad mood, throwing a tantrum, there is irritability, insomnia. Have as sedatives to use sweets, flour products, leading to rapid weight gain.

When the craving of sweets is large, you can pamper yourself with chocolate in limited quantities. In order not to gain weight without harm to the figures, are allowed to have multiple tiles a day. How many days will last this state is determined by the individual characteristics of each girl. Craving for sweets will disappear with the stabilization of hormones after menstruation.

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If it is difficult to control your appetite, then you should follow some recommendations:

  1. You need to substitute sweets for meals of complex carbohydrates. It is best to switch their taste preferences for vegetables, fruits that are rich in fiber as possible.
  2. Recommended pasta meal and bran. They will not only help to maintain a stable number kg, but get rid of bloating and constipation.
  3. The menstrual cycle causes the body to lose monthly a certain amount of blood. Therefore, it is recommended to take care of the hemoglobin with iron supplementation. For prevention take 3 – 4 days before the expected date of menstruation.

For the relief of premenstrual syndrome it is necessary to know the causes of weight gain before menstruation. This will allow you to choose the methods of correction and to prevent the development of obesity.