Why delayed period, some delay is normal
Menstrual cycle in women may be disrupted for a variety of reasons. This article proposes to examine these causes in detail and to answer the question of why delayed period and how many days late is considered the norm.
You should first determine what day is considered the delay and what period of time should cause alarm and demand determine the reasons. Delay of menstruation for 1 – 2, maybe 3 days – quite normal, this is normal. Despite the fact that every woman has their duration and regularity of menstrual period, even in completely healthy women, menstruation does not always come “on the clock”, that’s why the slight delay does not speak about some serious problems.
However, if late by more than the allowable 5 – 6 days, you should consult a doctor and find out the reasons. The maximum term “unreasonable” delays should not exceed weeks. First, it is necessary to exclude (or confirm) pregnancy. Second, if pregnancy is ruled out, check if everything’s okay with the reproductive system. Remember that the delay itself may not be scary, but it is always a signal about changes in the body.
The main reasons for the delay menstruation
The first thought visiting a woman when menstruation does not occur within a period is pregnancy. However, there are plenty of reasons why the regularity of menstruation can be disrupted and without a pregnancy. On the regularity of the cycle can be influenced by different factors, whether it is jet lag, the problems with acclimatization, stress, hormonal disruption, damage to reproductive organs or insufficient food. Consider all these factors and more will determine what delay needs to inspire fear.
Pregnancy – the most common cause of delay menstruation in young women. During pregnancy, it is possible to observe phenomena such as changes in taste and olfactory sensations, drowsiness, breast swelling, nausea. Do not immediately reject the possibility of pregnancy, even if you’ve had protected sex.
If in addition to delays, there are other signs of the above, it makes sense to do the test, and to determine the exact result twice. If the first test had not identified the pregnancy, it does not mean that it is not. Repeat the test after 40 days after the alleged contact, resulting in a pregnancy. For the second time only after receiving this negative result and making sure the woman is not pregnant, you need to look for other justification for the lack of onset of menstruation in time. The delay may be due to other serious reasons, except pregnancy.
Other causes of delayed menstruation
If a woman observes the delay, but not pregnant, maybe her body was influenced by other changes in the physical or emotional state. Consider, in some cases, periods can be late or disappear altogether.
Strong emotional and/or physical stress
Delay may occur due to stressful situations, their trauma, excessive physical exertion, intense mental activity (for example, on the eve of exams or even important project), tension at work. The body responds to daily stress as a situation unfavorable for child birth, and the month ends “until better times”. This explains why period not come in time. In such a scenario, efforts should be made to exit from the crisis of the moment, to reduce emotional or physical stress and try to relax.
If a woman spends a lot of time training in the gym or busy with physically hard work, it is better to think about reducing physical activity. We are not talking about a complete cessation of training, but only on the Golden mean.
Changes in the usual life
Any change in the usual lifestyle can affect menstrual cycle. New job, different schedule, a change of climate and time zones can lead to a slight delay. So don’t be alarmed if my period not coming on time after a holiday in another part of the planet or after long hours of flight. This suggests that the body changes according to rapidly changing conditions, the result can be a delay period. However, if the delay lasts for more than 2 3 months, you need to consult a doctor.
Do not be surprised if the delay happened during the diet, especially if you’re not eating and eat significantly less than usual. In young girls, severely limit themselves in power, delayed menstruation is a common phenomenon. Hormonal disorder in the background of fasting and lack of nutrients leads to failure of the menstrual cycle.
When the stress experienced by the body in cases of sudden weight loss (or weight gain) periods can take a long time to stop. Of course, anything good and natural in such termination no. Should review your diet and go to a psychologist. Anorexia is a terrible disease, and the delay period is not the only tragic consequences.
Hormonal changes in the body
The delay may be due to hormonal changes and most often happens at puberty, when the cycle is not yet established, or menopause.
The teenage girls first period come in 11 – 14 years, and the menstrual cycle is established immediately, therefore, it is often delayed. Hard to answer the question, how can delay period in the ripening period. The breaks in between may be too short or, on the contrary, large. However, after some time the cycle is set and the number of days between your periods becomes constant. If I got my period before 10 years of age or do not exist in the age of 15, you need to go to the doctor.
Don’t be afraid of a delay after the age of 40 years. With ovarian function at this age begins to gradually slow down, causing periods to become irregular. Delay thus becomes a harbinger of menopause, which occurs at the age of 45 – 46 years. Remember that after 40 years, the gynecologist should be held annually. The doctor will tell you more precisely about the causes and eliminate diseases and disorders in the organs of the female reproductive system.
Delay menstruation after childbirth
At first postpartum cyclic ovarian function is suppressed, and monthly restored about two months after permission from the fetus. If a mother holds her child breastfed, periods usually restored after termination. However, if you birth a year has passed, and the menstrual cycle has not recovered, you must immediately contact the doctor.
Abortion, no matter how efficient and safe it may be, always entails disturbances in hormonal balance. Monthly can come only after 30 to 40 days after an abortion. Despite the fact that such delay is common, it is still not considered the norm, so you should consult a gynecologist, get examined, and if necessary to start hormonal treatment. The reason for the delay after abortion can be a change in the level of hormones in a woman’s body, or mechanical trauma during curettage.
Various diseases and methods of drugs
Another reason for the delay of menstruation may be medication, and disease: catarrhal diseases (SARS), chronic illness, thyroid disease, kidney disease, etc. Normally if the delay is due to these reasons, it is considered normal when no more than a week. If a woman has no menstruation for longer, you need to consult a gynecologist. A delay of 17 days or more is a valid reason.
This group of diseases should be considered separately, because they represent one of the most common causes, which may delay your period.
- Neoplastic and inflammatory diseases of the genital organs. Periods can be delayed due to serious diseases, which can also be accompanied by abnormal discharge and pain. These diseases need to be treated urgently because they can cause serious consequences. We are talking about diseases such as adnexitis, oophoritis, uterine fibroids etc.
- Luteum cyst of the ovary. The delay of menstruation in this disease does not usually exceed two weeks. The cyst formed due to hormonal imbalance and is treated by hormone therapy.
- Polycystic ovarian. This disease is associated with formation of multiple cysts on the ovaries women. The maturation and release of eggs is disturbed, which in turn leads to the violation of the menstrual cycle. Polycystic disease may be accompanied by a short and irregular delays, but sometimes when the heartbeat period can be absent for up to five months and more.
The contraceptive drugs
A frequent reason for the delay of menstruation may be receiving hormonal contraceptives, since their main function is inhibition of ovulation. If the drug is chosen correctly, the delay can become commonplace. In this case, you should consider other contraceptive options. However, the most common cause of delay in the use of oral contraceptives – the failure to comply with instructions. Drink contraceptives to a strictly defined terms and violation of the regime is highly undesirable and can affect the effectiveness of birth control.
The delayed menstruation is considered normal when taking medication for emergency contraception, because they contain large doses of hormones. However, the delay is considered suspicious if it exceeds 10 days. This may indicate that the measures have failed and the pregnancy still occurred.
With a minor delay of menstruation can cause the procedures such as, for example, cauterization of cervical erosion or hysteroscopy.
Whatever the reasons for the delay, they should be identified and analyzed. If the period is delayed for three to four days may not have any serious reasons, that a longer delay is necessary to investigate and to take action. Only a doctor examining a patient, can accurately determine the cause and to say how serious they are and what to do to address them.