Hearing loss (deafness) in one ear: causes and treatment

Why deaf one ear how to cure it?

The ear not only receives sound signals, but also determines their source its magnitude and location relative to the person. In medicine this property of the ears is called a binaural effect. Its essence lies in the fact that the sounds the source of which is to person closest, into the ear faster than the source which is far away. Despite the fact that the work of the interrelated ears, the sound caught in my right ear, according to the force of vibrations and time of receipt, to differ from what was in the left.

Due to the binaural effect only separately taken the most volume and is determined by their angular movement in a horizontal plane. The sound at the same perceived volume because of the difference between what was heard left or right ear, in healthy people, is not observed. In the case of pathology of one of the ears the described effect disappears and the man begins to feel an acute shortage of information. To resolve the issue only after ascertaining the causes of hearing loss in one ear.

What is deafness

The frequency and tone of the sound perceived by each person individually. The intensity of sound waves is measured in decibels. Intensity of sound perception varies with age, congenital or acquired abnormalities of heredity. Proceeding from the above, it is possible to determine the threshold of hearing for each person.

Infants because of the filling of the ear a gelatinous myxoid tissue, can not perceive the quiet and average of the audio tone. Physically healthy children and adults under the age of 50 years easily perceive any sounds, even those that were spoken quite quietly and in the moment of being in a crowded place.

Deafness is a term used in medicine to refer to complete loss of hearing in one or both ears.

Deafness is hard to cure the disease and quite rare.

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Most people faced with this disease, do not perceive the quiet and medium-pitched sounds.

Loud claps and words they hear, but to recognize how connected speech can’t.

4 stage isolated deafness:

  • easy;
  • moderate;
  • heavy;
  • deep.

Depending on the source of the problem, there are two kinds of hearing loss:

  • conductive;
  • touch;
  • neural;
  • Central;
  • combined.

Conductive kind of hearing loss is acquired pathology. The reason for its development may be any mechanical barrier, blocking the penetration of sound into the ear. All other types are congenital and hereditary. They are associated with damage to the cerebral cortex or the auditory nerve.

Help. The main cause of hearing loss in elderly — the General aging of the organism. The elderly often there is hearing loss.

Causes of deafness in one ear

In the case where the deafness is not congenital phenomenon, the causes of hearing loss can be the following:

  • infectious diseases — measles, meningitis. mumps;
  • chronic illness — a sore throat, purulent tubootitis, sinusitis;
  • strong noise effect arising suddenly;
  • antibiotics;
  • bleeding;
  • a sharp drop in atmospheric pressure;
  • sulfuric tube.

Most often acquired deafness is temporary, not affecting both ears at the same time. So, after recovering from infectious and chronic diseases, clearing the ears of sulfur and refusing reception of antibiotics, it is possible to improve the sound experience.

Special attention should be paid to hearing loss, the cause of which were antibiotics. A number of aminoglycosides that is used as an effective and inexpensive remedies for the treatment of tuberculosis, pneumonia and other complex diseases, has a negative effect on hearing.

Years of research have shown that regular intake of streptomycin and other antibiotics can significantly degrade the perception of sounds.

Antibiotics in many cases, is contraindicated in children, they are undesirable in the elderly, as well as in case when the body is weakened by illness.

If antibiotics cannot be avoided, it is recommended to drink substances, neutralizing their negative impact. On this issue it is best to consult with your doctor. From self-medication using antibiotics it is better to refrain, not forgetting the fact that hearing loss can take place, but be invisible to humans.

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A strong Bang, Bang, a loud shriek which sounded very close to one ear may also cause deafness. This phenomenon is not just observed in soldiers who have lost hearing on the battlefield.

The easiest and safest case — the hearing loss in one ear, the reason lies in the large accumulation of sulfur in the ear canal.

After the ear is cleaned of cerumen, the ability to perceive sounds is gradually recovering.

In turn, the congenital hearing loss may be associated with:

  • pathology of the ear that occurred in the womb;
  • use by the mother during pregnancy, alcohol, Smoking;
  • toxicosis on late terms of pregnancy;
  • protracted childbirth.
  • reproductive injuries;
  • the use of mother drugs, which the effects on the fetus.

Deafness may be sudden or develop over a long period of time. Sudden hearing loss in one ear is usually short-lived and has no serious health consequences.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of deafness is to determine the degree of perception of each of the ears of quiet, medium and loud sounds. In adults, the deafness is detected quite easily.

This method is used for audiometry. It consists in identifying the difference between sounds, the capture of which is hampered by various disturbances, and those that were spoken with a normal tone. To determine the threshold of hearing is used a special device.

Diagnosis of the disease in infants is somewhat complicated, because the children either can’t talk about their problems, or do not take it too seriously. The first inspection shall be made by an audiologist immediately after birth. Until the child is 12-14 years, such inspections should be regular.

To diagnose deafness in infants you can check its reaction to loud noises. Reaction to a loud sound from the baby should be crying, dilated pupils or frequent blinking. If the child does not respond to music, speech and other sounds, you must immediately contact a specialist.

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Treatments

If the patient has deafness in one ear, treatment will depend on the causes of disease and type of disease that caused it. So, if the hearing loss was caused by infectious and chronic diseases, treatment needs to be exposed they.

Compensation of hearing loss can be achieved by:

  • of operation;
  • use of the implant;
  • hearing aid.

In most cases, hearing loss in one ear is regarded as a fixable phenomenon.

Prevention

To prevent hearing loss must be timely and properly treat all infectious and respiratory diseases, to limit the use of antibiotics. An obligatory condition is the immunization of children, and girls and women of childbearing age.

High-risk newborns should be focused on immediate primary inspection. Remember that loud sounds can cause pain and dizziness, to cause temporary hearing loss. You should avoid their sources.

You should avoid loud noises in close proximity to young children, to ensure that the cap, worn on the child, not squeezing his head too much. You need to avoid any injury of the ear cavity, the right to remove sulfur and all foreign bodies.