Hormone drops and sprays in the nose from the runny nose and nasal congestion
What are hormonal sprays and nose drops?
The common cold is an unpleasant symptom that accompanies any colds and inflammations of ENT organs. The treatment of rhinitis depends on the type of disease. When severe edema, caused by an allergic reaction, and inflammation of the mucosa that shows a special nose drops and hormone sprays.
Indications for use
Hormone drops from nasal congestion help relieve swelling and inflammation, while not exerting a vasoconstrictor effect. The main active ingredients of such drugs are corticosteroids, which normalize vascular tone, unlike regular sprays from a cold.
Hormone sprays are shown in the following diseases:
- allergic rhinitis;
- chronic rhinitis;
Long-term treatment of runny nose vasoconstrictive drops often leads to the development of drug forms of rhinitis. The body gets used to the medications and cannot self-regulate the secretion of mucus from the nose.
The patient has constant nasal congestion, the use of drops having a temporary effect. In this case, sprays, and nose drops with hormones are the only effective method of normalization of breathing and the treatment of rhinitis.
Corticosteroids have a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect. With allergic forms of rhinitis, the use of drugs in this group will quickly remove the swelling and inflammation.
All hormones from a cold contain a glucocorticosteroid.
The active ingredient of medicines can be:
Sprays for the common cold work locally and do not have systemic effects on the entire body. To find the right drug and duration of treatment should physician.
To cure chronic or allergic rhinitis, the spray should be used for a long time, for two or three weeks, depending on the severity of symptoms.
Pregnancy is not an absolute contraindication to the use of hormone sprays. Women who bears a child, can apply medication of this group, but only as directed by your doctor. This is due to the lack of data on the effects of glucocorticoids on the fetus.
Beclomethasone is used to treat rhinitis due to the rapid absorbability of the drug by the mucous membrane. The effect appears after a few minutes after applying the medicine.
Names of hormone sprays for the nose on the basis of beclomethasone – almost four years, Nasobec and Aldecin.
Almost four years
Almost four years spray used for rhinitis of any nature, including those triggered by infections. A medicine recommended for the treatment of allergic rhinitis, since regular use helps to reduce the intensity of symptoms that occur when you re-manifestation of allergic reaction.
Absolute contraindications the use of almost four years is tuberculosis, Candida of the skin lesions and children’s age. Individual intolerance of the drug is urticaria and dermatitis.
Spray Nasobek is used for chronic and allergic rhinitis and as an adjunct in the treatment of sinusitis.
It comes in a small plastic bottle equipped with a dispenser. One press of the pump provides injection of a single therapeutic dose. Absolute contraindications of the drug include:
- the first trimester of pregnancy;
- systemic fungal infection;
- viral disease;
- bleeding from the nose.
If the patient is regularly confronted with nasal bleeding, you should consult with an otolaryngologist. In this case, hormonal sprays may be prohibited, as the glucocorticoids affect the vascular tone.
Spray Aldecin is indicated for the treatment of rhinitis and is used as an adjunct in the treatment of polyposis of the nasal mucosa. The use of the drug can reduce swelling of the mucous membrane.
Beclomethasone has anti-inflammatory effect, so the medication can be used for sinusitis in conjunction with other drugs recommended by your doctor.
Contraindications to the use of Aldazine not indicate pregnancy and lactation. However, women are advised to consult with your doctor about the safety of treatment with this drug.
As with other drugs with beclomethasone, spray Aldecin is contraindicated in the following cases:
- systemic fungal and bacterial infections;
- nosebleeds and damage to the mucous membranes;
- individual intolerance to components of the medication.
Important! Sprays with corticosteroids may worsen the regeneration of tissues, therefore will not be used after surgery or injury of nose.
Drugs with beclomethasone can be applied to children older than 6 years.
Drugs based on fluticasone
Corticosteroid fluticasone, has a strong decongestant action and decreases inflammation. Sprays with this active ingredient are the basis therapy of allergic rhinitis.
Popular intranasal preparations based on fluticasone is to lower blood pressure mother, Flixonase and Nasarel.
To lower blood pressure mother
Feature of cause drowsiness and slow down is the possibility of using children from two years old and pregnant women, but only on prescription.
Absolute contraindication of the use of the cause drowsiness and slow down is a violation of the liver.
Spray Flixonase allows you to quickly remove allergic swelling of the nasal mucosa. Medication can be used in the treatment of hay fever. This spray is not prescribed to pregnant women and children under age four.
Important! It is recommended to refrain from drinking alcohol during therapy hormonal intranasally drugs.
Nasarel used for the treatment of allergic rhinitis.
The drug is not prescribed to women in lactation, as high probability of selection of the active substance in breast milk.
Children under four years of age the drug should not be used.
The regulations contain contraindications on the use of the spray in pregnant women, but doctors recommend to refrain from using drugs in the first trimester.
Hormonal intranasal medications can cause some side effects. If you are hypersensitive may cause urticaria or allergic dermatitis on the face. Often there are local side effects – dry mucosa, intermittent nasal bleeding, itching and irritation of the nasopharynx.
The spray mometasone
The most popular drug with mometasone – Nasonex is a spray. The medicine is available in different dosages and is intended for treatment of allergic sinusitis and chronic rhinitis. Thanks to prolonged effect, the drug is used only once a day. One application of the spray is enough to ensure free breathing for the whole day.
When allergic rhinitis nature cure, you can assign children older than two years.
Also, the spray is administered as a therapeutic remedy for runny nose on a background of adenoid vegetations in children.
During pregnancy spray can be used, but a small course. Prolonged use of drugs may harm the fetus.
The composition of the spray Desinit also contains mometasone. In General, action, side effects and contraindications of different hormonal sprays are no different.
When you use the tool on the basis of synthetic glucocorticoids should be remembered that a therapeutic effect is achieved only with regular use of the drug. In contrast to the vasoconstrictor drops, such sprays do not bring instant relief. The result becomes visible after 5-7 days after the start of treatment.
In the treatment of sinusitis hormonal agents are used as auxiliary therapeutic agent for reducing swelling of the mucous membrane.
Because of the peculiarities of pharmacodynamics, intranasal hormones are produced only in the form of a spray dispenser. This form of issue avoids the overdose, which often happens when using drops.
Treatment of hormonal therapy is selected individually for each patient. For prevention of seasonal exacerbation, the spray can start using as per instructions and a half to two weeks before flowering plants-allergens.