How and what to treat runny nose and the snot from a baby 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 months

How to cure a runny nose in a child up to 12 months?

Before treatment of the common cold in infants is necessary to understand the reasons for the development of a cold. Intense nasal discharge can be associated with allergies or infection. The child may experience physiological symptoms of the common cold.

Principles of treatment

It is first necessary to restore nasal breathing. To help the baby need to cleanse the nasal passages of accumulated mucus.

In the process, the heaters there is a change in the composition of the air in the nursery.

This has a negative impact on the state of the mucous membranes of the nose.

To help a sick child, the doctor will prescribe drops based on marine water.

Drugs thin the mucus and facilitate the process of cleansing the nasal passages.

Concerned about the state of the baby, the parents often do not know how to treat a runny nose in a child 7 months. The viruses contained in the air can get to the nasal mucosa.

It is not necessary to go to public places during epidemics, as the child’s immune system is not yet formed until the end. The kid almost defenseless against pathogenic microorganisms. To combat viruses are used Interferon and Protargol.

To vasoconstrictor drugs should be treated with great caution. They constrict the vessels and facilitate breathing in a child. However, prolonged use of such drugs can lead to atrophy of the mucous membrane. Experts do not recommend treatment with drugs with vasoconstrictor effect more than 3 days.

Mucus from the nose may appear because of allergies to the ingredients formula. With the emergence of allergies need to replace the mixture on hypoallergenic. Pay attention to the temperature in the nursery. A runny nose in a toddler 6 months may begin due to hypothermia.

What not to do if the baby started to cough

A mother should not bury the child’s nose antibacterial drugs illegally, without consulting a doctor. The nasal passages of infants cannot be washed with water under high pressure.

Liquid can get into the Eustachian tube and even the lungs of the baby. In the treatment of rhinitis in infants do not use alcohol solutions.

Pharmacy tincture for the treatment of adult patients may cause burns to mucous membranes. Parents are forbidden to choose their own preparations to eliminate unpleasant symptoms in the child.

Stages of common cold in infants

First, the child gets dry and itchy in the nose. The baby begins sneezing, he is disturbed breathing. From the child’s nose begins to stand out pus. Nose drops-old child is prescribed at the first sign of the disease.

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In step 2 of the selection set, on the surface of the mucous the crust formed. If untreated, the baby loses appetite, he disrupted digestive system. The child begins to suffer from high fever and sore throat.

Especially the removal of mucus from the nasal passages of the baby

Rhinitis in children up to 1 year can begin from-for hits in water of pathogenic microorganisms. However, the organism is one year old child is not able to resist dangerous bacteria.

The immune system of infants is not yet ready for a meeting with the viruses that can cause colds. In contact with the nasal mucosa of viruses and bacteria, the child develops an inflammatory process. Let us consider the methods of treatment.

3 months

Treatment of rhinitis in infants 3 months is complicated by the peculiarities of the anatomical structure of the nasopharynx. A small amount of mucus can be removed by the flagellum of twisted wool. In the process of cleansing the nasal passages don’t make any sudden movements. Too active actions of parents can lead to bleeding.

4 months

In the process of the mucous adapt to new conditions the baby may experience physiological symptoms of the common cold.

During this period, the child’s body adapts to the temperature and humidity of the environment.

The formation of the nasopharynx may continue for 4 months. However, parents perceive the mucus from the nose, as a sign of a cold.

Mothers at this point should not be instilled into the nose medicines.

The hallmark physiological cold is the absence of high temperature. The baby feels no discomfort, he sleeps well and does not lose appetite.

5 months

Drugs intended for the treatment of babies under 5 months have a more mild effect. Before choosing a method of treatment specialists explore discharge from the nose of the baby to determine the cause of the disease.

Doctor produce taking mucus from the noses of babies in the presence of pathogens. After receiving the results of the examination, the specialist determines the drug that you need to take a sick child.

8 months

The complexity of the treatment of the common cold in children under 8 months is that they can’t blow their nose. Nose kids begins to accumulate mucus, which makes breathing difficult. To get rid of the pus by using the aspirator.

Before procedure it is necessary to drip in a nose a saline. This will soften the crusts and facilitate the process of their removal from the nose.

Medical preparaty

For the treatment of rhinitis in kids are actively using various medications. Let us consider these drugs.

Decongestants

For the treatment of the common cold in babies up to a year, you can use drugs with reduced content of active substance. Doctors prescribe infants following tools:

  • Nazivin (0,01%);
  • Otrivin Baby;
  • Nazol Baby.

Important! Experts do not recommend to use a drop of more than 3 days. This is due to the fact that vasoconstrictors can lead to serious complications. They are only for a few hours restore nasal breathing.

Moisturizer

To have a year-old baby to cure a cold you need to remove the pus, which leads to headaches. Drops with moisturizing effect help cleanse the nose of pus.

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It is most convenient to clear the nasal passages of the baby using the aspirator. To moisturize the nasal mucosa can be purchased at the pharmacy Akvamaris, saline or other types of pain.

Important! The use of sprays in the treatment of common cold in babies up to 10 months is prohibited. When backfilling moisturizing solutions tip cannot be inserted into the nasal passages deeper than 0.5 cm. Violation of this rule may cause damage to mucous membranes in children up to 11 months.

Antiviral drugs

Antiviral drops contains interferon, which prevents the penetration of viruses in human cells.

If you experience symptoms of infectious rhinitis doctors prescribe kids Grippferon, Derinat, Genferon ® light.

These funds are designed to destroy viruses in children under the age of 9 months.

Antiviral solutions enhance immunity of child. With instillation of drugs need to follow the instructions, and in any case not to self-treatment of the baby, to do no harm.

Antiseptics

Active reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms is accompanied by the release of mucus from the nose. Thick highlight dry and form crusts, which impede the breathing of the baby.

Doctors prescribe to kids under 12 months Sulfacetamide and Protargol. They do not have such a strong effect on mucous a nose of the child. However, it is not necessary to exceed the dose, as there can be a burn of the mucous membrane.

Antibiotics

Snot from a baby in 2 months are due to infection by various pathogenic microorganisms.

Specialists produce the fence of the mucus from the baby to determine the type of bacteria.

Antibacterial drugs can cause serious harm to the health of the baby.

Such remedies doctors prescribe only in extreme cases. The choice of antibiotic depends on the patient’s condition and the type of agent.

In any case the administration of antibacterial drug is causing harm to the health of the baby. The child after the course of treatment can begin dysbacteriosis.

This is because antibiotics destroy not only harmful bacteria. They kill beneficial microorganisms that are present in the microflora of a healthy baby.

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Suitable means for the treatment of allergic rhinitis

To get rid of symptoms of runny nose you need to block the action of substances that cause an allergic reaction. Doctors prescribe baby antihistamines that should be used for irrigation of the mucous membranes of the nose. (Zodak, Erius).

It is necessary to consider an age limit if you use drugs. At 8 months the baby can be treated with remedies with minimal side effects.

How to dig

Before the procedure be sure to wrap the baby in a diaper. Then put it back and turn the head to one side. Neck, you want to drip the drug should be on top.

In the nasal passages enter the saline solution to facilitate the removal of mucus. Now you need to put some drops in nose 1-2 drops of the solution. Gently turn the baby to the other side and repeat the procedure.

Important! Parents are forbidden to enter a tip too far, as the infants are too delicate mucosa.

In some cases, the baby needs urgent medical care?

The cold can pose a threat to the life of the baby. The child needs to be hospitalized in the following cases:

  • the nasal discharge contains blood clots;
  • the body temperature of the baby rose to 38 degrees;
  • the child has lost appetite, he has a red throat;
  • the baby began to wheeze.

To the doctor you need to go if the runny nose in a child under 6 months not over a week.

Conclusion

The cause of the virus in babies up to a year can be not only pathogenic bacteria. Discharge from the nose at this age are due to allergic reactions to certain substances contained in the mixture.

The danger to infants represent pathogens that penetrate nasal mucosa. In this case, the doctor will prescribe antiviral and antibacterial medications depending on the type of agent.