How to distinguish sinusitis from the common cold
How to distinguish sinusitis from the common cold
The offseason every year presents surprises in the form of SARS and colds for thousands of Russians. Temperature, stuffy nose, sneezing every minute – only a fraction of potential trouble. But the fever has broken, the head does not hurt, stop harassing cough, and his nose was still not breathing. Do complications? When you start to be alarmed and how to distinguish sinusitis from the common cold on their own?
The main differences
Obvious and a key sign of inflammation of the paranasal maxillary sinuses – pain. Under normal cold it does not happen unless the nose is hit or mucous membranes to damage.
The appearance of pain becomes an indicator of the inflammatory process: the more active he is, the more pronounced the pain. It extends to the maxillary sinus, localized in the temples, sometimes the frontal and occipital parts, gives to the teeth. Often understand common cold or sinusitis bothering the patient, the eyes watering, react to bright light. Eyelids are red and swollen, appear bluish circles. With the development of the disease is swelling and the whole face, the pain increases, it becomes impossible to tilt the head forward without pressure in the sinuses.
The second symptom is fever. The rise of the mercury column in the thermometer to the level 38 or above after the start of recovery is a cause for concern. Deterioration after normalization or improvement of the condition – a sure sign of developing complications. If the mercury jumped to 39-40 degrees, most likely catarrhal stage was replaced by purulent sinusitis. Rhinitis, in turn, can generally proceed without temperature or to give a slight rise thereof for a short time.
The third symptom is nasal discharge. When cold they are transparent or whitish, mostly liquid like water, easily vysmarkivayutsya. It is about the state saying «snot stream». Sometimes the picture is just the opposite: it is impossible to breathe, as both nostrils tightly sealed. With the development of sinusitis mucus changes color to yellow color with a greenish tint that is a characteristic of suppurative inflammation.
Important point: «green snot» is not talking about a bacterial infection, as may be the result of lack of fluid and drying of mucus. But the combination of pain and temperature allows to suspect bacterial sinusitis.
The reasons for the transition to the common cold complication
The vast majority of cases, the instigator of sinusitis is very patient. Disregard for medical recommendations, or worse, any attempts to cure prepare a fertile ground for bacteria.
The factors causing the sinusitis as a complication:
- polyps and cystic masses in the nasal cavity;
- adenoids in children;
- caries of the upper jaw;
- anomalies in the anatomical structure of the sinuses;
- irrational use of antibacterial drugs;
- burying his nose in the systemic antibiotics;
- the thermal treatment of the sinuses during acute period;
- inadequate fluid intake and, consequently, drying of the mucous membranes;
- heat and dryness in the room, which greatly speeds up the drying of mucus;
- the use of questionable traditional methods;
- disregard medical advice.
All these factors individually or collectively can cause the transition in viral rhinitis sinusitis: catarrhal at first, then purulent.
To reliably know what the patient, a cold or sinusitis, will help the otolaryngologist. At his disposal as a standard methods of examination (medical history, radiography, clinical manifestations), and new diagnostic methods in the form of ecocinema. This is a device for ultrasonic examination of the paranasal sinuses, which allows immediately, without waiting for pictures to assess the condition of the mucous membranes, to identify the source of inflammation and to assess the severity of the disease.
Where lies the danger
Any illness is unpleasant pastime. But some States are not only able to temporarily poison a person’s life, but also to provoke much more serious illnesses than the initial inflammation. This is one of the indicators that clearly illustrates the difference between a common cold from sinusitis: launched rhinitis leads to the defeat of the paranasal sinuses, and they, in turn, can develop into inflammation of the meninges, purulent otitis, phlegmon of the eye and others that threaten health and even life, pathology.
Treatment: conservative or radical methods?
Tactics of therapy determined by the attending physician, guided by the nature and duration of disease, severity of symptoms and tests. Conservative treatment is presented the influence of medication and physiotherapy; combined, they greatly facilitate the patient’s condition, relieving pain, swelling and facilitating recovery.
Treatment does not include:
- homeopathic medicines;
- folk recipe;
- using juice of vegetables and plants as nasal drops;
These methods are at least useless and at most dangerous, as the loss of time may result in the exacerbation of disease. In addition, some events can lead to Allergy and the development of further complications.
In the case when a conservative tactics didn’t bear fruits or not affect the disease properly, resort to more radical methods – the operative surgery. There are several options for intervention, from which the optimal way is considered to be endoscopic hamartoma.
How to prevent complications?
The basic principle of prevention of sinusitis as complications – the elimination of the primary disease. If you have the flu or SARS, provide symptomatic treatment and create conditions for recovery, if the cause of the blockage of the paranasal sinuses was a sore tooth go to the dentist discovered a cyst – eliminate the tumor.
To not have to think about how to differentiate rhinitis from sinusitis, it is necessary to prevent the transition from one state to another. It is very desirable:
- To go to the doctor.
- Not to engage in a handwritten healing.
- Use of decongestants is not the regime, according to testimony.
- Do not take yourself antibiotics and antihistamines.
- Drink plenty of fluids.
- Rinse sinuses with salt solutions.
- To moisten the mucous membranes of the nose and the air in the room.
- Often ventilate the area.
- A lot of walking in the fresh air.
- To include in the diet fresh the gifts of orchards and vegetable gardens.
These simple but effective measures can’t guarantee that a cold turns into sinusitis, but the chance of preventing complications high. Besides, such actions are beneficial to the immune system and increase resistance to viruses and bacteria.