How to live with one ovary? Tips and advice
If a normal life after removal of ovaries? Try to deal with this sensitive and important issue.
Every year an increasing number of gynecological disorders, involving the surgical treatment. Along with this, there is a tendency of rejuvenation of the operated patients. First of all, all the actions of the physician aimed at the avoidance of surgery, especially young patients. However, there are a number of gynecological diseases, which are cured without resorting to surgery impossible. Such diseases, in particular, include:
- Extensive purulent lesions of the uterus and appendages.
- Some forms of endometriosis.
- Tumors of the ovary.
In this article we’ll talk about removing one or both ovaries.
The ovary, though in itself a small sexual organ, however, its importance is hard to overestimate. Because the ovaries are able in addition to storing eggs also produce steroid sex hormones. Hormones acts as a Foundation for the health of the whole organism. Sex hormones have an impact not only on agencies but also on all systems, including the mental state. Thanks to female hormones – estrogen a woman looks feminine. In addition, they also affect the condition of skin, hair, nails, and, of course, the reproductive function.
Oophorectomy is a surgery, which involves removal of one or both ovaries. During the operation is removed and the fallopian tubes, which are a kind of vehicle. It helps the egg get to the uterus. In women after the removal of either the uterus or the ovaries, menstruation is absent.
In what cases is it performed?
Spaying refers to the surgical operations on the uterine appendages. Oophorectomy has the following medical indications:
- The presence of cysts in the ovary.
- Ectopic pregnancy.
- A ruptured ovarian cyst.
- The endometriosis.
Consequences of surgical intervention
Removal of the ovaries is characterized by a sharp decline in the blood levels of sex hormones. They continue to be developed, however, other bodies, and in small quantity.
The consequences depend directly on the age of the patient:
- If a woman is menopausal, the authority has developed its norm and the body is already in a so-called «retirement mode». Therefore, for women aged 50 years operation will have no consequences. Knowing the age of his patient, the doctors without hesitation remove the ovaries. The operation is preventive in nature.
- Women who are of childbearing age, the experts do not rush to remove the body and trying to do everything possible to save at least one ovary. For this patient, perform organ-saving surgical intervention and dynamic monitoring. To preserve the ovaries have two important reason. The first is the ability to get pregnant and have a baby. The second reason is surgery at this age will lead to a rapid onset of menopause. Of course, this phenomenon acts as a severe stress for the whole organism.
What is a post-castration syndrome?
Such a syndrome is rare, however, takes place after the operation. In some cases it is not observed or occurs in a mild form. Approximately 10% (in some sources this figure reaches 30 percent) of patients have encountered no such syndrome.
PKS are different in shape and intensity appearance. However, experts have identified three main groups of disorders characteristic of such a process. Usually after a few weeks patient has primary symptoms of the syndrome, and after two months of violations increase its intensity.
The first group includes the following vascular disorders:
- Night hot flashes and severe sweating.
- A sharp shiver.
- Dizziness, and headaches. In some cases, there are attacks of migraine.
- General weakness, drowsiness, constant discomfort.
- Heart palpitations.
In addition, there are also psycho-emotional disorders that manifest themselves in reduced libido, mood swings, insomnia, lack of appetite.
For the first few years, the patient is faced with neurovegetative disorders. Hence, there are the above symptoms.
Approximately a year after removal there has been a gradual remission of the vascular reactions and begin to dominate the disorder in psychoemotional sphere.
The second group includes disorders of the genitourinary system. These include:
- Vaginal dryness.
- Discomfort and soreness during intercourse.
- Painful sensations in the genital organs in the form of burning and itching.
- Frequent urination and incontinence of urine.
After more than three years in the first place come various metabolic disorders.
Genitals affect many organs and tissues and it is difficult to call a process that occurs in the female body without hormones.
Often after the organ removal, the following problems occur:
- The occurrence of atherosclerosis. Due to the high levels of estrogens occurs protect blood vessels. The lowering of this level is accompanied by coating the walls of blood vessels cholesterol plaques. Significantly increases the risk of coronary heart disease, heart attack.
- Hypertension. The disease affects not only atherogenic violations that have occurred in the composition of blood and vascular walls, but also the probability of occurrence of vascular spasm. Complication of hypertension is stroke.
- After surgery significantly worsens the condition of skin and its appendages. In the female organism there are processes of aging that affect the skin, hair and nails. After surgery in a woman’s life fast is premature aging in the form of dull hair, brittle nails.
Due to the lack of hormones, very often suffer not only hair but also skin. How serious is it? The user should pay attention to the fact that the adrenal glands are also capable of producing a certain percentage of estrogen. Therefore, the above problems may not occur after surgery. Moreover, a modern woman before it has high-precision technology.
In that case, if the patient can not be carried out hormonal treatment, in the course of treatment include progestins and estrogens that make up for the shortage of its personal hormones.
If the operation was performed because of diseases, which bore the character of cancer, hormone therapy is not assigned. She prescribed homeopathic remedies. But medication in this situation the woman is not limited. To all the above is correct, active lifestyle.
What are the chances of getting pregnant after oophorectomy?
Often pregnancy in women with one ovary occurs even after undergoing surgery. However, in order for a patient is pregnant should be executed only one condition – the presence of one passable fallopian tubes.
In General, removal of one ovary does not lead to a significant hormonal disorders, and disorders of menstrual function. A woman is able to have a baby, however, the absence of the second ovary has a negative impact on trying to conceive naturally. To give a precise answer to a sharp question in chances of pregnancy after surgery is possible only after assessment of the safety of the reproductive functions of women. Also, if there are problems with conceiving a child can be to go through a course of treatment that aims to eliminate this problem. It should be remembered that women with one ovary in a higher risk of developing problems with health.
First of all, the doctor draws attention to a sign of fertility – that is, it is checked whether the menstrual cycle is ovulatory. In healthy women, each month there is a maturation of only one follicle from which the egg comes out. The process of fertilization and development of embryo up to five days occurs in the fallopian tube. On the fifth day the embryo enters the uterine cavity where implantation in the mucous membrane of the uterus with subsequent development of pregnancy.
The presence of two glands allows to evenly distribute the load of the release of a Mature egg. With only one functional ovary, the whole burden falls on him, which could lead to early exhaustion. In this situation, the menstrual cycle is characterized by its irregularity, therefore, to conceive a baby naturally impossible.
It was found that after the surgery, so that was the one removed from the ovaries, increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy. In this case, either the embryo survives in the fallopian tube or in the abdominal cavity. Ectopic pregnancy threatened a woman’s life, due to the occurrence of internal bleeding. It should be noted that in women undergoing the operation to remove the ovary, increases the likelihood of having a baby with down’s syndrome.
Is it possible to avoid surgery?
Of course, doctors are well aware, they are in fact the people themselves, which for a woman means living without a uterus and ovaries. Therefore, radical methods they apply at the last stage of treatment, where medication does not give a positive effect. However, there are situations when the patient is the question: «to Remove or keep the ovaries?». Similar issues arise for women with cancer. Surgical intervention is inevitable, so sex hormones may trigger the growth of tumors.
In most cases, after removal of one ovary arises the need to remove and the second. As a rule, any patient, without exception, asks himself a very important question – is it possible to live a normal life and remain after the surgery a woman? The answer is simple – Yes. What is given us from above, nobody can take away. The woman remains a woman even after the removal of genital organs. While still in the womb, the process of forming the female body. After birth, during adolescence this process continues to develop and ends with puberty.
In our time for removal of ovarian resorted to the method of laparoscopy. This shareware is simple and fairly well-known surgical procedure, which involves only doing small cuts in the navel. The rehabilitation process is quick and painless.
However, in some cases, doctors opt for the abdominal incision. Such a method is feasible with the simultaneous removal of the uterus and ovaries. The recovery period after such surgery is much longer. It is necessary to remember one simple truth in order to live a normal life you need to be patient and pass all the tests. Do not get sick. Stay healthy and happy!