How to reduce swelling of the nasal mucosa during sinusitis: pictures and treatment

How to remove swelling in the sinus?

When inflammation of maxillary sinuses edema, which violates the natural mechanism of the communication of the nasal cavity with the external environment, which prevents the outflow aconselho secretion, neutralization of the disease process.

The patient experiences headaches, a feeling of stuffiness of the Airways. To prevent complications, to accelerate the regression will help information on the symptoms and how to treat swelling in the sinus.

Symptoms of swollen sinusitis

Excessive accumulation of fluid in tissue structures enhances the protective function of upper body, preventing the penetration and reproduction of pathogenic microflora. This process occurs in the interaction of immune cells with disease-causing agents.

Leukocytes produce proinflammatory mediators – cytokines and interleukins that signal the defeat of the mucosa, provide the transport of white blood cells in the lesion.

Under the influence of these substances increases vascular permeability, dilates capillaries, fluid from the blood stream migrate into the tissue, against which develop swelling of the maxillary sinuses. In the long course of inflammation there is a possibility of filling the intercellular space in the projection of the facial skeleton (facial swelling), gums, orbital tissue.

Damage to the integrity of the mucous membrane is indicated by the following factors:

  • changing the timbre of the voice. When blockage of the nasal sostav occurs dysfunction of the oscillating system, which gives individual tone of voice, appears closed twang;
  • abundant formation of secretory discharge. In bacterial etiology of sinusitis change the biological properties of sputum: clear rare snot acquire a greenish color, appears purulent exudate;
  • lacrimation. On the background of inflammatory process narrowed tear ducts, the fluid finds exit through the nasal passages, is discharged to the outside of bodies. Swelling of the tissue causes the formation of bags under the eyes, the occurrence of pain;
  • swelling of the skin in the region of the side hollows of the nose. The dermis becomes crimson, the pain worse with palpation.

For reference! With a strong inflammation and movement disorder of the lacrimal secret there is a secondary pink eye non-infectious nature.

To the common clinical signs of edema sinusitis refers to General intoxication, fever, fever, decreased sensitivity of olfactory receptors, malaise.

READ  Endoscopic surgery on the maxillary sinus - the consequences

Medical participation is necessary at the first sign of sinusitis, otherwise there is a risk of migration of inflammation to a chronic form. The most common complications include sepsis, meningitis, dysfunction of the visual organs, the worsening of the flow of ENT pathologies, periostitis.

Conservative treatment of swollen sinusitis

Sinus infection without pus with swelling of the sinuses respond well to traditional therapy. The audiologist on the basis of General survey and data research tools selects efficient treatments and drugs.

The most informative method of diagnosis is an x-ray. Photo sinusitis is defined darkened place with reduced pneumaticaly.

X-rays performed in different projections to help clarify the morphology of the disease, to assess the extent of inflammation, the level of liquid and biological properties of exudate.

Nasal lavage

High therapeutic effect of different irrigation of the paranasal sinuses. The main objective of the procedure is to remove accumulations of mucus, to prevent the spread of infection, improve aeration sostav, restore nasal breathing, to stop the symptoms of maxillary sinusitis.

Swelling of the mucous and reduce inflammation helps the saline solution. 1 Cup distilled water add 1 tbsp salt (for the treatment of children, the concentration of basic substance is 1 tsp), 1-2 drops of iodine.

Standing over the sink to alternately inject fluid with a syringe or medical pear. In this manipulation, the water washes the nasal passages, freely emerges through the opposite hole.

For reference! Mechanical cleansing of the paranasal sinuses increases the absorption of pharmaceutical drugs.

Lavage of the nose for children under 2-3 involves the introduction of saline solution 2-3 drops in each nasal canal. After 5-10 minutes the remnants of mucus is gently removed with a cotton harness.

READ  Sinusitis in children: symptoms and treatment, signs, and how to treat

Of drugs widespread in ENT practice has received the following funds:

  • «Furatsilin»;
  • «Synthesis»;
  • «Chlorhexidine»;
  • «Dioxidine».

Antibacterial drugs active against gram-positive and gram-negative strains. Before irrigation of the nasal cavities recommended allergotest .In the paranasal sinus is administered not more than 10 ml. of the drug in the absence of side effects means it is allowed to use.

In the hospital setting will be effective vacuum drainage of the sinuses – method «cuckoo». The procedure is the introduction of the antiseptic solution with simultaneous aspiration of the liquid pus and sputum.

The number of procedures defines the severity and the etiology of the disease. On average only 4 to 7 sessions. If after a course of the patient’s condition has not stabilized, the doctor asks for minimally invasive therapy – puncture of the maxillary sinus.

Vasoconstrictor drops

The main components (Xylometazoline, Oxymetazoline, phenylephrine, naphazoline) effect on alpha-adrenergic receptors, concentrated in the smooth muscle layer of blood vessels the inner lining of the nose.

Under the action of the active compounds decreases inflammation and hyperemia of soft tissues, to restore the natural nasal breathing. Suspension intended for intranasal administration 1-2 drops in each nostril 3 to 4 times a day, a short course of 3-5 days.

If you haphazardly use develops tachyphylaxis, drug-induced rhinitis.

The range of pharmaceutical products represented «Nazivin»,».», «Naphazoline», «Extreem» for children «Nazol Bebi,» «Nazol kids».

Among the complex products is «Vibrocil», «Pinosol», «Polideksa». In addition to a sympathomimetic vasoconstrictor actions exhibit bacteriostatic and anti-inflammatory activity.

Antihistamines

Histamine receptors complement the integrated circuit if the sinusitis of different etiology and severity.

In medical scheme mainly include pharmaceutical products 2 and 3 generation

  • «Xyzal»;
  • «Telfast»;
  • «Aerius»;
  • «Desal»;
  • «Erespal»;
  • «Loratadine»;
  • «Claritin».

The active ingredients of these medications stop the symptoms provoked by the release of endogenous biogenic amine, reduce the permeability of blood vessels, relax smooth muscle spasm, eliminate or profilaktirujut the formation of edema of the soft tissues.

READ  Warming nose with a cold: is it possible to warm the child, and how to warm up

The peculiarities of medicines include high bioavailability, absence of sedation and cardiotoxicity.

For reference! In case of individual hypersensitivity of the body to the constituent substances or overdose may develop side effects: nausea, vomiting, palpitations, headaches, dryness in mouth, insomnia.

For the formation of local immunity, increasing the body’s resistance to infectious agents administered immunomodulatory drugs:

  • «IRS-19»;
  • «Immunomax»;
  • «Genferon ® Light»;
  • «Imunofan in cancer».

The medication is aimed at restoring the electrolyte balance, correction of the immune system, increasing antioxidant protection.

In the absence of adequate therapy of edematous form of sinusitis becomes purulent. The chronic pathological process complicates the treatment, therefore, requires special attention to the preventive measures, timely relief of rhinitis, to prevent facial and head injuries.

Conclusion

How to reduce swelling of the nasal mucosa in the sinus is determined by the audiologist. Each clinical case requires an individual therapeutic scheme depending on the characteristics of the disease and the physiology of the patient.

Seeking medical help at the first symptoms of inflammation of the upper respiratory tract allows to neutralize the disease for 7-10 days.