How to treat fungal sinusitis? — Treatment of diseases of the Ear Nose and Throat
How to treat fungal sinusitis?
Fungal infection is common in the environment pretty seriously, so often gets into the upper respiratory tract of man. Normal in the nasal cavity in every person there are already some types of fungi, but in real life they do not affect health in any way do not show themselves. But when you activate fungi, in connection with a weakened immune system, or fungal organism, often formed by fungal sinusitis.
Not to say that it is a fairly rare form of inflammation, and it is impossible to diagnose yourself. To prescribe the necessary treatment only by a qualified ENT doctor, who with the help of the survey will identify the cause of the disease and establish the kind of pathogenic fungus. But there is a common scheme of therapy, therefore, let us examine the question, what and how to treat fungal sinusitis in more detail.
Symptoms of fungal sinusitis
Fungal sinusitis occurs in the modern world is quite rare. This is an infectious disease that affects the upper respiratory tract and paranasal sinuses of the patient. This type of inflammation occurs in only five percent of the total population, but despite this, the disease is well studied.
According to medical statistics, ten percent of people who suffer from various forms of inflammation of the sinus, in the nasal cavity there are various types of fungi.
Patients with sinusitis this fungus occurs most frequently when the concentration of the immunoglobulin is significantly increased.
At the same time increases the value of the various antibodies, which are especially sensually react to the fungi.
To treat this kind of inflammation it is necessary to comprehensively and long-term. If embarking on drug therapy is not the time, the patient may form bronchial asthma and other dangerous diseases.
Usually this disease affects teenagers, but the disease can be diagnosed and at the age of 25 years. As a rule, fungal sinusitis is particularly common in areas with high humidity.
Despite rarely meeting the inflammation, the symptoms of the disease are almost always similar:
- stuffy nose;
- pain in the head and the forehead;
- a feeling of pressure in the nose and eyebrow arches;
- palpation of the nose felt a sharp sensation;
- pain in the nose and around the eyes;
- abundant mucous or thick discharge, violation of nasal breathing;
- the formation of cheesy masses in the nasal cavity;
- in some cases, spotting;
- accumulation of pus in the maxillary cavity;
- swelling of the face and neck, swelling of the nasal mucosa;
- mucosa of the nasal cavity takes on a bluish tint;
- dysfunction of sense of smell;
- occasional pain in the temples;
- soreness of the teeth;
- pain in the upper jaw;
- unpleasant, but most fetid smell from the nose.
In the absence of proper treatment and in case of further development of disease, possible formation of polyps, cysts, tumours and other complications, which can occur death.
The standard treatment
Before to prescribe the necessary treatment, the doctor performs a diagnosis of the disease. It includes not only visual examination, but an x-ray and computed tomography.
In the future, with the tests, the doctors determine the type of fungus causing inflammation, followed by mycological examination.
Only after confirmation of the diagnosis, the doctor can make the necessary treatment. Keep in mind to get rid of fungal sinusitis, you need to implement all the recommendations of the specialist and strictly follow prescribed treatment.
Determine the cause of the formation of the disease, should as soon as possible to begin drug therapy.
In severe cases the patient can have a surgical impact. Keep in mind that the symptoms and treatment of fungal sinusitis is defined only by a qualified doctor.
To cure this kind of illness yourself or with the help of methods of folk medicine can!
Commonly, to get rid of fungal sinusitis in a short time is impossible, so be prepared for long-term therapy. The goal of treatment is the destruction of fungal infection and the return of all of the functions of the nasal cavity.
In some cases, to get rid of the pathological process with the help of medication impossible, so the patient can assign surgery. But such a measure is necessary only in case of ineffectiveness of antifungals in the sinus, and when the advanced form of inflammation.
To cure a fungal infection you can use specialized medications.
There are a variety of drugs to destroy fungi in the cavity of the maxillary sinus, but to find the right drug can only your doctor.
When prescribing the drug take into account all characteristics of the flow illness, as well as individual characteristics of the patient.
Treatment of fungal sinusitis does not require systemic antibiotics because such drugs can only strengthen the development of the pathological process. Therefore, the main treatment is with antifungal medicines — Amphotericin B, Ketoconazole, Itraconazole and other.
Treatment of the acute form involves the use of various drugs to normalize the function of the immune system. As immunomodulators is best to choose drugs of natural origin: Echinacea, Ginseng, Eleutherococcus, Aralia and others.
In addition, the treatment includes medicines of synthetic origin — Arbidol, Anaferon. They positively act on immune cells and enhance the body’s resistance.
The next step is administration of corticosteroids. These drugs are considered to be hormonal means and necessary for the destruction of the inflammatory process. To apply this kind of drugs needed locally. Immediately after application, the patients noted the decrease of edema and improving the nasal breathing. In addition, nasal drops or sprays help to clear the nasal cavity.
In the absence of results from medical treatment, your doctor may prescribe a puncture of the nasal sinuses.
During the operation, hold the puncture with a special needle, and then use a medical syringe carry out the cleansing of the maxillary cavity.
Then you need to rinse with antibacterial solutions and to drink a course of antifungal drugs.
In the case of advanced forms of fungal receive chemotherapy, the results of which usually appear within two weeks.
To cure fungal sinusitis completely, you need to watch your diet and try to spend more time outdoors. Will not damage and exercise and a positive attitude in General.