Hypertrophy of lymphoid tissue back of the nasopharynx in adults: what is it
What is hypertrophy and hyperplasia of the lymphoid tissue of the nasopharynx?
Every day the immune system of the body fights viruses and infections. In most cases, she manages to effectively penetrated pathogenic organism, but otherwise, inside the body there are various inflammations of the skin, digestive system and mucous membranes. In this process usually suffer from ENT-organs.
In the process of combating viruses aktiviziruyutsya work of lymphoid tissue that has spread throughout the body. In the case of severe hypertrophy of the lymphoid tissue of the posterior wall of the nasopharynx, the patient starts to feel stuffy nose, difficulty breathing, headaches, discomfort on palpation of the face.
On lymphoid tissue and hypertrophy
Lymphoid connection is of great importance in the human body. All of its area in the total weight is one percent of the body weight. In the case of hypertrophy of the lymphoid tissue of the pharynx to notice the violation of its functions in the early stages is impossible.
Moreover, in mild violation of the integrity of the dysfunction may not be discovered at all. But to define the features, prevalence and properties of lymphoid tissue of the vault and its hypertrophy, you need to determine what it is.
Lymphoid tissue called a certain kind of compounds, which are located inside the system of macrophages and lymphocytes.
The system may look as a separate body, but is most often seen as part of the functions of the human body.
Lymphoid compound can be in the bone marrow or the spleen, but also in the lymph nodes and the thymus gland. In these organs it manifests itself as one of the functions to protect the body.
In the mucous part of the respiratory tract and other mucous cavities, for example, in the bronchi, urinary tract, kidney, lymphoid intestine connection is more common, but lymph joints or tissue.
In the case of increasing the amount of bacteria in one place hypertrophy. It is characterized by pressure of different environmental factors. In contrast to hyperplasia, hypertrophy of the lymphoid tissue in the nasopharynx of adults and children can be true or false.
In the first case appears to enhance the development of fat in the mucosa.
Hyperplasia is different from hypertrophy increase in the number of cells or tissues in the affected area, for example, in the nasopharynx. As a result of this process are often formed adenoids, cysts, and other neoplasms. However, hyperplasia can develop into a tumor.
Needless to say, hyperplasia of lymphoid tissue not inflammation, but only a symptom.
Ignoring such a process occur various pathological processes in the body.
Hyperplasia always acts as a response to a negative factor that occurs in the body.
Notice the hyperplasia is possible by palpation of the lymph nodes.
The types of hyperplasia
There are several types of hyperplasia.
The first kind carry a contagious inflammation. When the penetration into the body viruses or bacteria aktiviziruyutsya the immune system. In this process, increases the production of lymphocytes and macrophages, which invariably leads to growth of lymphoid tissue.
The second type of hyperplasia – reactive form. With this inflammation of pathogenic microbes penetrate inside the lymph nodes, where the process of accumulation of undesirable elements, toxins, and cells-macrophages, and so on.
The latter type of hyperplasia is considered to be the most unfriendly.
In the malignant process involves all the cells of the lymph nodes, regardless of their condition.
This provokes the formation of large amounts of lymphoid tissue.
With the progression of inflammation in the lymphoid tissue of various negative processes. Often, this pathology causes appendicitis, tonsillitis and so on.
Functions of lymphoid tissue
The main task of lymphoid tissue – protection. This element appears in all the protective reactions of the organism.
In the lymphoid tissue contains a large number of lymphocytes, Macapagal and blast, plasma and mast cells, leukocytes. During penetration of viruses, pathogenic infection or a foreign object in the nasal cavity, this tissue acts as a barrier and destroys the damaged cells of the body.
Additional functions of the lymphoid tissue include the formation of immune system cells. With the penetration of an unwanted object in the nasal cavity is the uplift of the described cells and leukocytes. They migrate together with the lymph and blood. If it fails and the education process, which increases the growth of damaged cells, is formed hyperplasia. Such a process may handle only the body’s immunity.
How common is hypertrophy of lymphoid tissue
This pathology is not common, but it often occurs in younger children.
The peak development of hyperplasia occurs in three years and closer to ten years the risk of inflammation is reduced.
In the process of development of hypertrophied lymphoid tissue is often subjected to internal systems of the body.
In eighteen years, the development and progression of hypertrophy is reduced to zero.
Pathological hypertrophy limfoidnuu tissue in the formation of the adenoids is quite common in childhood. The risk group includes children from two to eight years. It should be noted that hypertrophy can occur in the Palatine and pharyngeal tonsils, resulting in the formation of different tumors and tumor. This process is most common in children under five years.
The development of hyperplasia is associated with reduced or immature immunity and is manifested as a General hyperplasia of lymphoid tissue and immune function of the patient.
Lymphoid tissue is often located in areas with large concentrations of microorganisms: the nasopharynx, tonsils, nasal mucosa and so on. When dysfunction of the palatal tube, laryngeal or pharyngeal tonsils, together which formed a network of lymphoid tissue, are the first to suffer the nasopharynx. For violation of this cavity patients begin to feel different signs.
In most cases, patients complain of nasal congestion, difficulty breathing, dryness of the mucous membrane of the nose and mouth, itching and burning, sometimes there are profuse discharge from the nasal cavity. In the process of development of disease in this cavity frequent rhinitis can change the structure of the nose and whole face in General.
Have younger children with hypertrophy of lymphoid tissue, its function can not be violated. But with the development and growth of the patient, the reduction of the hypertrophied tissue. The exact cause of such a process is not established, but there are several factors which have negative influence on the process.
These include frequent rhinitis, sore throat, disorders of the immune system, sinusitis, otitis media, acute sinusitis.
Hypertrophy provokes a number of unintended consequences.
These include frequent infections in the middle part of the ear, in the nasopharynx, the nasal cavity.
To negative consequences of hypertrophy include growth of lymphoid tissue.
Keep in mind that these symptoms often cause the violation of nasal breathing.
This factor provokes the poor ventilation, which contributes to reduction of hemoglobin in the blood and reduce the production of red blood cells. At the same time increases the number of leukocytes. Invariably, these effects lead to various disorders in the gastrointestinal tract, thyroid gland and so on.
Especially dangerous such consequences in children, as it can lead to a delay in development.
Defining what is — hyperplasia of lymphoid tissue of the nasopharynx, it should be noted that the treatment of this pathology requires a comprehensive and long-lasting. In some cases, patients assigned to conservative treatment, but often requires surgical procedure which removes the affected area at all.