Hypertrophy of the mucous membrane of the nose: treatment of the nasal passages
How to treat hypertrophy of the nasal mucosa?
Hypertrophy of the sinuses is a rare disease that is characterized by proliferation of the nasal mucosa. At this time, patients suffer from a stuffy nose, headaches and impaired smell. Other symptoms may include twang of voice and change of tone. Often patients notice signs of fatigue, reduction of hearing acuity, loss of sleep and appetite. These processes occur due to the inflammation in the periosteum and bone of the turbinates.
If the inflammation is not treated, patients showed a complete loss of smell. Such a factor can predict if you start treatment of hypertrophy of the nasal mucosa in a timely manner.
What is hyperplasia
Hyperplasia of the mucosa of the nasal passages is inflammation, during which the patient’s reduced sense of smell, impaired nasal breathing, there is copious mucous or purulent discharge, which are difficult to separate from the mucosa of the nasal cavity.
Hypertrophy of the mucosa provokes a contraction of the lymph nodes, which negatively affects the flow of lymph from the cavity of the head.
This provokes the emergence of a strong pain in the head, shooting sensations when tilting, sensation of dryness in mucous membranes and nasal congestion, which with the progression of the disease acquires a chronic form.
When inflammation of the turbinates rhinitis is the main symptoms of the disease. With the course of the disease, the common cold can even visually change the shape of the nose.
In addition to these symptoms, patients complain of pain in the jaw. It may worsen during eating and when walking fast or running the mouth remains open. Such symptoms requires immediate medical intervention as complications of hypertrophy is especially dangerous.
When the diagnosis of the disease, the patient is sent for endoscopy. In the inspection process, the patient noted a thickening of the nasal mucosa and its growth in the region of the bottom shell, in the middle of the cavity, and in some cases in the outer part of the nasal septum.
To cure inflammation need as quickly as possible, as the hyperplasia causes the growth of the shell, which causes the accumulation in this part of the large amount of mucus and pus.
With the progression of inflammation, these secrets can cause more severe disease, including disease of the Eustachian tube and severe tightness in the area of the auditory tube. These symptoms often cause the Eustachian.
Thickening of the mucosa always causes a number of negative symptoms. Most often, patients at this time complain of profuse lacrimation and conjunctivitis, and a strong pressure causes pain in the head.
Diagnosis and treatment
To determine the nature and degree of inflammation in the diagnosis of possible disease on endoscopy. It will determine not only the localization of the inflammation, but the degree of proliferation of the mucous membrane.
In the future, the doctor-the otolaryngologist will examine the nose cavity, the state of the mucosa and conducts other necessary examinations using x-rays and computed tomography.
After establishing an accurate pattern, the doctor prescribes medication.
Hypertrophy of the sinuses of the patient suffers from a severe cold, so you first need to eliminate its symptoms and reduce the amount of mucus.
It is necessary to set triggers and eliminate them completely.
In some cases, rhinitis may cause inflammation in the paranasal sinuses, sinusitis or sinusitis, exposure to dust, chemicals or allergens.
To eliminate the symptoms you need to:
- Rinse your nose with specialized solutions «Marimer», «Otrivin Sea», «saline», «These» or firstvolume of furatsilina, or decoctions of medicinal plants. For the treatment of small children need to purchase my.
- Use vasoconstrictor drugs «Galazolin», «Llanos», «Otrivin «, «ksimelin «. In their application it is necessary to strictly follow the dosage and not to disturb the course of treatment.
- Required-the-counter decongestants «Mannitol», «Governmental», «Indometacin», «Hexapneumine», «Diclobene».
But be prepared for the fact that drug therapy is only one of the points of treatment. To get rid of the hyperplasia of the mucous membrane of the nasal passages only medication is impossible, so the next stage of treatment will be surgery.
In the case of mild course of the disease and not much enlarged, the mucosa of a patient waiting for a sparing operation, during which the patient will hold the cautery chromic acid and the direct introduction of the cautery to the cavity of the nasal passages. With the help of a medical instrument, there is cauterization of the lower edge of the shell nose.
This method is considered to be especially painful, so over time it is increasingly being replaced by ultrasonic surgery or cryotherapy to the affected part.
In each case, the surgical intervention takes place under General anesthesia.
Subsequent rehabilitation takes up to seven days. In the process of healing the patient is administered local anesthetics and physical therapy.
In the rehabilitation of the patient necessary physical exercises.
In the case of hyperplasia of the mucosa of patients prescribed UHF-therapy.
Subsequently assigned to massage, nasal irritation and ultraviolet radiation.
It is very important to cure the hyperplasia of the nose in the early stages. In the following, when not treated, the patient can expect dangerous, and even uncontrollable consequences. Goes untreated, the inflammation often becomes a cause of formation of the Eustachian, tubootitis, sinusitis, tonsillitis and tracheobronchitis.
Prevention it is necessary to treat all catarrhal inflammation and infection of the body. Ensure that the rhinitis has not spilled over into the chronic stage.
In addition, it is important to strengthen the immune system, to follow the diet and exercise.