Hysteroscopy or laparoscopy which is better? Comparison of methods
Every day in the world there are new technologies, through which it is possible to eliminate various problems associated with failures in a woman’s body. Much attention today is paid to the treatment of infertility. Women desperate many years ago to have a baby, now have the opportunity to realize his most cherished dream into reality and give birth to your own child.
Key aides began laparoscopy and hysteroscopy. These two procedures can be performed simultaneously or one after the other. Also, these procedures can be performed separately from one another. What distinguishes the study from hysteroscopy laparoscopy? And what procedure is better for reviews of the patients who underwent this type of research?
Hysteroscopy: what is the procedure?
Hysteroscopy is an operation specific to minimally invasive interventions. Spend it only the women who entered into adulthood and sex. The procedure is performed using special equipment known as a hysteroscope. During this manipulation the woman is in a sleepy state. In rare cases, one may use local anesthesia, in this case, the woman feels nothing, but can observe the manipulations of the doctor.
Hysteroscopy is performed only in the hospital on a chair gynecologist. In the cavity of the cervical canal dilator is introduced and a tube with a sensor and camera on the end. Thanks to this device the doctor can observe what happens inside the uterus, under the pressure of its walls are straightened, and the specialist can explore every inch of it.
If necessary, at the time of the procedure, the doctor has the ability to take a piece of tissue for further study. If a polyp is found, it is immediately removed. This procedure eliminates some pathologies of the uterus, including sinehii.
When it is recommended to use hysteroscopy?
Hysteroscopy has its indications. Today I offer two kinds of research: diagnostic and surgical. The first involves a thorough inspection of the uterus and detection of diseases, and the second helps to carry out surgical therapy. Most often this procedure is recommended to use for such readings:
- abnormal development of the genitals, including such entities as partitions and sinehii;
- education in the mucous membrane of the uterus, such as polyps and fibroids;
- adenomyosis and endometrial hyperplasia;
- the remains of fruit, eggs or partial clean the uterus after an abortion;
- strong uterine breakthrough bleeding or menstrual cycle;
- infertility and spontaneous rejection of the fetus;
- unsuccessful attempts of IVF-fertilization;
- the increase in reproductive organ if the cause is not revealed.
But before you carry out the procedure every woman needs to be examined, in addition to this, you will need to pass tests: smear on the purity of flora, analysis of infection, a blood test for hepatitis, syphilis and HIV. You will also need to undergo additional diagnostics needed before use of anesthesia.
Possible consequences after hysteroscopy
For reviews of patients who have undergone hysteroscopy, there may be slight pain in the abdomen, but they quickly pass. At the hospital, leave for a while, if all is well, that in a day to go home, and sometimes earlier. If necessary, the doctor may prescribe anesthetics or antibacterial drugs. Women say that after the procedure, you may see blood spotting, but they quickly pass. Within two weeks it is not recommended to sex life.
But the main and perhaps the main advantage of hysteroscopy is that the doctor can with maximum accuracy after it to make a diagnosis and prescribe the correct therapy.
Laparoscopy reproductive organ is the study conducted in the area of the abdomen. It is carried out only under General anesthesia. What is the procedure of hysteroscopy from laparoscopy it is possible to tell only when it is possible to compare both studies.
During laparoscopy using a laparoscope instrument. The surgeon makes a few incisions in the lower abdomen, using them introduces tools. In the area of the navel to insert a camera, with her help, the doctor can watch what is happening in the peritoneum women. But before you can enter the necessary instruments into the abdominal cavity is injected with a special gas, it inflates the abdomen and allows the doctor to see the internal organs and damaging them during surgery. But laparoscopy and hysteroscopy are not only technique of surgery, but also time, because you will need half an hour or more, the second you do not spend more than 20 minutes.
When you recommend a laparoscopy?
Laparoscopy can be carried out as planned and extra, also this procedure can be assigned as medical therapy or diagnosis. But be sure prior to the study it is necessary that the woman passed the tests and gynecological examination. But if a woman’s life that any threat, the procedure is preferably carried out without examination. The indications for it may be such a situation:
- infertility and ectopic pregnancy;
- failures in the ovaries;
- dense ovarian capsule;
- endometriosis and suspicion on this pathology;
- tumors malignant and benign;
- adhesions in the peritoneum or the fallopian tubes;
- fibroids on the outer shell of the genitals;
- perforation of the uterus and other pathologies.
Complications after laparoscopic studies
For reviews of patients who have undergone a laparoscopy, note that after a very long inflammation. Immediately after the operation the woman a few hours departs from anesthesia, she is allowed to go home only a few days, as it after 14 days you will need to remove the stitches. For scars needs a lot of care, so that through them the infection got into the peritoneum and did not cause serious injury. But what is the difference between these two procedures, can one replace the other?
Laparoscopy or hysteroscopy: model do these procedures
From the foregoing, the article can certainly say that laparoscopy in no way can replace hysteroscopy and Vice versa. These two operations are used for different purposes, though they often combine.
Hysteroscopy allows to diagnose, to take the analysis of tissue of the uterus, or to remove minor defects in reproductive organ such as the septum and polyps. But the second procedure allows you to remove even a tumor, it could completely replace abdominal surgery.
To summarize the foregoing we can say that both of these procedures allow you to rid the female genital organs from many pathologies. Those ladies, who are waiting in the wings, namely the birth of the baby, they have better chance to realize his dream into reality. Hysteroscopy allows in a few days to make an accurate diagnosis, a second procedure is to solve complex problems quickly without much discomfort and consequences. To choose the type of procedure needs the doctor will prepare the patient, after diagnosis.