Inflammation of the inner ear: symptoms and treatment in adults
How to identify and cure the inflammation of the inner ear?
Hearing for man is one of the five senses that allow you to fully experience and perceive the surrounding reality. However, this harmony can be disturbed by various kinds of inflammation of the auditory organ, among which particularly dangerous inflammation of the inner ear.
Upon detection of even the most lackluster of the symptoms of inflammation of the inner ear in adults, the first and most appropriate action is a visit to Laura, as if time does not treat this pathology, it is possible in addition to acquire complications, and what is worse hearing loss. Then we will talk about this disease and the ways of its therapy.
Inflammation of the inner ear: symptoms
Inflammation of the inner ear, or labyrinthitis (labyrinthitis) – is a pathology that affects the internal organ of hearing people. It develops as a result of penetration into the internal cavity of the ear of the pathogenic microflora is much less due to injuries.
This type of disease is the most dangerous of all types of inflammatory processes of the ear cavity in terms of a threat to the health and human life.
Help. The overall proportion of labyrinthitis among all cases of otitis does not exceed 5%.
The disease affects the labyrinth, which is located deep in the inner ear. It includes the 3 semicircular canal responsible for balance control.
Primarily, internal otitis is a consequence migrated otitis media or severe infections.
Labyrinthitis can be located in separate areas or on the entire surface of the internal division of the auditory analyzer.
As for the symptoms of inflammation inside the ear, they occur in accordance with the physiological characteristics of the inner ear, that is hearing loss and dizziness.
The severity and speed of onset of symptoms associated with the stage of the ongoing process and its nature.
Acute course of disease is characterized by the emergence of the «labyrinth of the attack», which is characterized by the following features:
- sudden hearing loss, and sometimes there is none;
- the occurrence of sudden dizziness;
- the imbalance.
It is noted that even the slightest head movement worsens the patient’s condition. This is what causes the sick to lie motionless on his side on the other side, where there is a healthy ear.
This vertigo is defined by patients as a sensation of rotation or the rotation itself. You experience nausea and vomiting. This phenomenon is called systemic.
There is also the phenomenon of non-systemic dizziness that appears when damage to the cortical sites of the vestibular apparatus. It is characterized by loss of coordination and falling through when walking.
For the duration of the labyrinth attack can last from few minutes to a few hours, in rare cases, days.
Also in this disease there are other less specific signs.
- The ringing and noise in ears.
- Hearing loss.
- Excessive sweating.
- Heart palpitations.
All of the above symptoms persist for 2-3 weeks, then gradually become less pronounced and disappear. This, of course, subject to the appropriate therapy.
Help. In acute labyrinthitis such an attack may occur only once, while in chronic occur from recurring.
Inflammation of the inner ear: treatment
Upon detection of signs of inflammation and pain of the inner ear should immediately see a specialist – an otolaryngologist, who will conduct the diagnosis, based on patient complaints and surveys.
For this purpose the following methods:
- the study of hearing;
- computed tomography;
In case of detection of the inflammatory process in the inner ear, the doctor urgently will select the appropriate treatment regimen. The therapy is performed only in stationary conditions under the constant supervision of a doctor.
Help. If the cause of the disease is a bacterial infection, the therapeutic complex are always present antibiotics. If the disease is caused by a viral pathogen, its antimicrobial drugs do not cure.
If the pathology is limited and not complicated by purulent masses, the treatment is conservative treatment, that is assigned to complex drug therapy.
Range of medications that are aimed at reducing symptoms, as follows:
- Antiemetic medications – in order to eliminate nausea and vomiting. «Reglan», «Compazine».
- Steroid medications to relieve inflammation. «Methylprednisolone».
- The means of the group of anticholinergics to decrease the severity of vomiting and nausea are dedicated scopolamine patches which are placed on the skin near the ear.
- Antihistamines – to reduce nausea, vomiting and dizziness. «Diazolin», «Core», «Suprastin».
- Sedatives – to reduce anxiety and anxiety. «Diazepam» «Ativan».
- Anti-inflammatory – to relieve inflammation and normalization of metabolic functions in the inner ear Department
- Vestibulopathy – are written only in the situation when you need to restore the blood flow to the inner ear of the Department during an exacerbation.
Important! Antibiotics are prescribed cephalosporin and penicillin. Prohibited the use of ototoxic antibiotics, for example «Gentamicin».
In addition to all of the above treatments designed to eliminate puffiness and to reduce the pressure in the labyrinth. This resort to such methods:
- diet – control over water consumption (1 l per day) and salt (up to ½ g);
- the use of glucocorticoid and diuretics;
- the use of glucose, calcium chloride and magnesium sulphate (intravenously).
Also for the normalization of various disorders in the structure of the maze taken vitamins b, K, s, R and carboxylase.
Obligatory condition of treatment of this disease – rest and strict bed rest.
In that case, if the inflammation is purulent or there is a loss the entire surface of the inner ear, is assigned sanitized obmerochny trepanation with the aim of eliminating pus in the labyrinth.
In complicated cases of purulent or necrotic nature of the assigned execution labyrinthectomy is a procedure to remove the maze.
However, this procedure is very rare.
Help. Before performing surgical intervention is a mandatory routine drug therapy for 5-7 days.
The ear – the organ, located in close proximity to the brain, so any inflammatory process in it represents a potential threat to the health and human life. Especially in this plan is dangerous inflammation of the inner ear.
To avoid all sorts of dangerous consequences, you must immediately consult a doctor is the key to the most successful and quick recovery. Be careful, because your health is in your hands.