Inflammation of the parotid salivary glands in adults: treatment
How to treat inflammation of the parotid salivary glands?
Disease of the salivary glands in the oral region dangerous viral inflammation that causes a lot of inconvenience to the person. Small ducts, which are located in the oral cavity swollen and capture of the parotid gland.
Saliva, which is produced in the ear gland that helps to improve digestion, it softens large pieces of food stick and the received secret single food ball that is easy to swallow and process. Natural saliva may be suspended due to the inflammation called mumps.
About the salivary glands and symptoms of the disease
First and foremost, when suffering mumps parotid salivary gland. Inflammation of the parotid glands is fraught with unpleasant sensations. This viral disease is accompanied by swelling and pain.
The reasons for the formation of this inflammation are many. The main ones include:
- The flu and colds.
- Scarlet fever.
- Blood pressure.
- Otitis media.
Mumps can occur due to surgical intervention or prolonged antibiotic use.
Unexpected, but one of the most common causes of problems with ear gland is playing wind musical instruments.
Pay attention to narrowing ducts. In this case, pain and deterioration of the parotid gland appears quite often.
Among the symptoms of inflammation of the ear cancer is a strong dryness in the mouth. Other symptomatica include:
- pain in the inflamed area;
- discomfort in the course of the meal;
- pain when swallowing;
- annoying odor in the mouth
- pain in the ears and the head;
- loss of sleep and appetite;
- nausea and vomiting;
- fatigue and weakness;
- the formation of bumps on the ears and the neck;
- the increased body temperature.
All of these symptoms occur in varying degrees of complexity, depending on the complexity and nature of inflammation.
You should know that when inflammation of the mumps in adults in the initial stages the symptomatology is manifested not pronounced.
Therefore, swelling and pain localized on one side, and other symptoms are manifested much later.
Treatment at this stage is required only drug therapy and the healing occurs within three days.
On average the degree of inflammation the patient is experiencing pronounced symptoms: dry mouth, pain when swallowing and communication, General malaise and shooting sensations in the ears and head. During inflammation, the patient loses appetite and has trouble sleeping.
Pay attention to the condition of the ear glands. At this stage they are compacted and lose their elasticity. The patient experiences the deterioration of salivation and different selection.
At the last stage the patient has a significant deterioration of health, and the symptoms of inflammation is clearly shown. In this case, the patient, on palpation feels a distinct seal.
The parotid gland is significantly increased, and bring considerable inconvenience when you sleep and eating. At this time, the patient increased body temperature, increased pain in the ears and head, appear purulent discharge.
If you notice these symptoms, consult a qualified physician for diagnosis of inflammation. Remember, the sooner you do, the easier it will be to identify the nature of the disease and prescribe the right course of treatment.
For diagnosis the therapist must pass several examinations, which include:
- Imaging of the brain and the facial bones.
- Magnetic resonance imaging.
- The study of the salivary glands.
After the examination is determined by the nature and form of the mumps and assigned to individual treatment.
In the case of diagnosing acute forms of inflammation, the patient requires drug treatment, which includes antibiotics and drugs that relieves pain.
In addition, the patient is prescribed medications to increase saliva. In addition, it is important to predict the inflammatory process and to drink a course of anti-inflammatory medicines.
To maintain a positive effect the patient was prescribed physiotherapy, which include electrophoresis, laser treatment or UHF therapy.
If these methods proved ineffective and did not bring the proper result, the patient is assigned to surgical intervention.
Operation is also necessary in case the patient appeared purulent discharge. They can cause more serious inflammations, it is therefore necessary to eliminate the risk of complications.
In case of revealing of chronic inflammation of the salivary glands, the patient must understand that a complete cure is practically impossible. Therefore, it is necessary to choose drug therapy, which will allow to improve the General condition of the patient.
In this case, in the period of acute mumps patient should take antibiotics and medications that increase saliva.
You should know that regardless of the nature and type of the disease, in the treatment of mumps, you should follow some rules. They will help to heal the patient.
Thus, when the first symptoms should consult with your doctor on the subject of required medications and drops.
An experienced doctor will quickly determine the root cause and symptoms and prescribe a course of treatment, taking into account characteristics of the patient. As in the treatment of young children or in adults, the treatment is different.
At the primary disease of the salivary glands is particularly important to prescribe the right therapy. Thus, the patient will recover from mumps without surgery.
Remember that you can not stop the treatment even if the patient feels significant improvement. So you can only trigger a complication of inflammation, or, conversely, not to cure the disease, leading to repeated illness.
In the treatment of salivary glands is necessary to take as much water as possible and stay in bed. In the list of allowed liquids included different tinctures from herbs, plants and flowers. In drinks you can add one spoon of honey. Ensure that the liquid was not too hot.
If the patient has difficulty swallowing, it should take only soft food. Ensure that the food was not spicy, and too hot or cold.
Throughout the course of treatment the patient needs to adhere to a special diet that allows you to enhance saliva. Before and after eating it is helpful to eat a slice of lemon.
In the case of inflammation of the saliva glands, the food must be included the following products:
- the juice from the orange or Mandarin;
- sea buckthorn;
- wild rose;
These sour fruits and vegetables contribute to a strong flow of saliva. However, in the case of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, these products are forbidden, as they can severely irritate the intestinal wall.
If during treatment the patient temperature decreases, the patient requires the use of antipyretics – «Paracetamol», «Ibuprofen».
And if the patient is experiencing severe pain, take medications that reduce the pain.
In the case of severe inflammation of the salivary glands and purulent discharge, the patient is assigned to the drainage, which eliminates pus.
Remember that during this procedure the patient prescribed antibiotics. Ordinary course of treatment is not less than one week.
Remember that self-treatment is unacceptable, as it is important to know the symptoms and causes. So the right treatment plan you can learn at your physician.
In addition, it is important to know that inflammation glands is a viral disease. Therefore, when the first symptoms the patient should limit contact with other people.
It is important to understand that if untreated, mumps can initiate the emergence of more complex and severe diseases. Therefore, when the temperature increases and dry mouth it is important to immediately start treatment.
Disease of the parotid glands can cause complications such as suppuration of the glands, necrosis, mastitis, ear infections or arthritis. So to avoid this kind of disease it is necessary to regularly oral hygiene and monitor the condition of the teeth.
In addition, it is important to treat the virus and colds to the end. As even a common cold can cause serious disease.