Inflammation of the uterus ultrasound: symptoms,diagnostic features
Women’s health and the body require careful and prudent. However, due to the fact that the modern woman lives in a frantic mode, which are constantly present stress, anxiety, suffering, primarily of the female reproductive system.
Modern medicine notes the increase in cases of diagnosis of inflammation of the uterus. This is because the detection of symptoms a woman is not in a hurry to see the gynecologist, referring to employment. This approach is fundamentally incorrect and leads to irreversible consequences for the female body.
Today we will discuss the main symptoms of inflammation of the uterus, discuss diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive measures.
Before proceeding to the description of the disease, briefly review the anatomical structure of women, or of the uterus.
So, under women’s uterus is meant a muscular hollow organ that lies between the bladder and rectum. The uterus acts on the receiver all the hormones produced by the ovaries. Surface of body covered with a special layer, which at the time of activation of the reproductive functions are experiencing significant changes. These changes result from the preparation to the process of fertilization.
Route of infection
In virtue of the following etiological factors, the mucous membrane of the organ may acquire an inflammatory nature. The development process may be due to Escherichia coli, chlamydia or other pathogens.
In addition, agents are represented by viruses and protozoa microorganisms. From the above it follows that endometritis occurs on the background of infection in the body. Below we will consider ways of penetration of infection.
So, the infection occurs in the following ways:
- The first way is ascending.
- The second nodal.
It often happens that the infection penetrates the body through the external genital organs. After starting the process of infection activates the inflammatory process. Due to the fact that the mucous membrane adheres to the muscle layer, the process starts in muscle tissue. In that case, if the inflammation is characterized by a chronic course, the disease identificireba as metroendometritis. The process has a transient nature that captures the uterine appendages or the pelvic peritoneum.
The etiology of the disease
The endometrium consists of two following layers:
- The first layer is functional.
- The second basal.
The first layer at the end of the menstrual cycle exfoliate, and the second layer allows you to create a new functional layer, which again starts the menstrual cycle.
The main etiological factor is the damage to the mucous membrane of the uterus. However, the damage is not dangerous, the danger posed by viruses and virulent microorganisms that have penetrated inside the uterus. Let’s see what are the main causes of infection in the uterus.
So, inflammation develops due to the following reasons:
- Improper douching.
- Complicated abortion and childbirth.
- Sexual intercourse during the menstrual cycle.
- Perform instrumental studies, in particular, laparoscopy.
With etiology is understood, we proceed to the main symptoms of the disease.
As practice shows, the initial stage of the disease characterized by a lack of symptoms. A woman can identify inflammation of the uterus, below is the list of manifestations of the disease. It is worth noting that the latter can carry acute and chronic. The acute form caused by mechanical damage, while the chronic is the result of infection from a sexual partner.
Signs of acute inflammation of the uterus
It often happens that after seven days of diagnostic tests, childbirth, abortion women suffer from the following symptoms:
- The poor condition.
- Refusal to eat.
- A significant temperature increase, up to a feverish state.
- Aching and drawing pain in the lower abdomen.
- Atypical vaginal discharge.
- Extremely rare, but occurs uterine bleeding.
Upon detection of the above symptoms, you should immediately seek the assistance of a gynecologist. It is necessary to consider one detail. Inflammatory pathologies tend to actinovate and to involve adjacent organs. The more a woman pulls on a visit to the doctor, the more will the scale of the defeat. Later, illiterate, and treatment is characterized by deplorable consequences.
The symptoms of chronic
Usually a chronic course occurs in the background of late and illiterate treatment of acute course of the disease. As noted above, a chronic course is not related to gynecological procedures. The nature of this form of the disease is associated with sexual life. So it is natural that chronic endometritis is characteristic of the symptoms that give reason for the development of pathology.
Chronic presents with the following symptoms:
- Aching pain manifestations localized in the lower abdomen.
- An increase in body temperature to 38.5 degrees.
- Vaginal secretions. With regard to the nature of the discharge, it depends on the type of the inflammatory process. Gonorrhea is accompanied by purulent secretions, trichomoniasis – profuse and frothy secretions.
- Long menstrual cycle about one week.
- Infertility and miscarriages.
Diagnostic measures begin with the collection of medical history, the frequency and regularity of the menstrual cycle. Along with this, the doctor performs intrauterine intervention. A physical examination allows to identify such deviations as the enlarged uterus, seal and so on.
Laboratory methods of diagnosis is represented by the blood tests and smear. Acute endometritis is characterized by an increase of erythrocyte sedimentation rate and white blood cells. This occurs in parallel with C-reactive protein, indicating the presence of inflammation in the body. In the diagnosis of disease an important role is microscopy of smear from the vagina. Instrumental methods of diagnosing are presented the ultrasound, biopsy and hysteroscopy.
Ultrasound in the endometrium
Ultrasound involves some difficulties, due to the characteristics of the anatomical structure of the upper division female genital organs. Despite some difficulties, this non-invasive method of research is frequently used in the diagnosis of the pathologies not only of the uterus but also of the appendages.
By means of ultrasound is the detection of symptoms only in 35 percent of cases. Inflammation of the uterus ultrasound often detects indirect symptoms, however, they are nonspecific and may indicate other disease.
Clearly visible on ultrasound following changes sharp currents:
- Quenching of the endometrium.
- Purulent clots.
The chronic form of the disease is characterized by pathological changes, which are difficult to detect on ultrasound. However, this disease is accompanied by changes in the structure of the mucous membrane of the uterus that can be detected on ultrasound.
For chronic endometrium is characterized by the following exeprince:
- The decrease and increase in the thickness of the mucous membrane of the uterus.
- The abnormal position of the uterus.
- Adhesions in the uterus.
Since inflammation can affect adjacent female sexual organs, particularly the ovaries and fallopian tubes on ultrasound it is possible to note the changes.
Despite this, ultrasonography is the reference method of diagnosis, which in combination with other methods allows to establish an accurate diagnosis. Ultrasound examination allows to exclude a number of diseases with identical symptoms. A full and detailed investigation includes ultrasound, biopsy, hysteroscopy.
Due to the fact that the diagnostic process includes a comprehensive approach, the data obtained during the ultrasound, give me the right to put such a diagnosis, as endometritis.
Treatment of endometritis begins immediately after the accurate diagnosis. In that case, if an abnormal condition was detected in a timely manner, then the treatment is on an outpatient basis, but under the supervision of a physician. Otherwise, the patient was sent to the hospital. With regard to treatment regimens, in most cases it is the same and consists of the following items:
- Antibiotic therapy.
- Mechanical cleaning of the uterus.
How to treat acute endometritis?
If the gynecologist has found out in time the acute process, the treatment avoids the development of dangerous complications, including problems with pregnancy. Thankfully for women this disease does not belong to the list of incurable illnesses. The treatment takes place in several stages.
In the first stage, the woman appointed immunomodulators and vitamins. In the second stage, the attending doctor prescribes a course of antibiotics. Antibiotics are injected as intravenous and intramuscular. As a rule, the course of treatment is about 5 days. In fact, the duration of treatment depends on the stage of the disease.
To relieve severe pain patients pain medications are assigned. Along with antibiotics, treatment involves purpose and anti-inflammatory drugs, particularly Aspirin, Ibuprofen. The third stage involves the cleaning after abortion, childbirth, and caesarean section. The final stage is physical therapy.
As noted above, the chronic stage is characterized by a different nature of occurrence, so the goal of therapy is to eliminate the specific pathogen of the disease. To find a suitable and effective treatment specialists resort to taking a smear for culture. This allows to accurately determine the sensitivity of the pathogen to various drugs. The results of this study generated a list of effective drugs. Therapeutic measures of chronic pathology is based on the antibacterial and antiviral treatment.
Important! One of the most effective methods of treatment is the introduction of medicinal substance in the mucous membrane of the uterus. This approach allows us to treat the inflammation.
So, therapy is based on the following manipulations:
- On a hormonal treatment. Women prescribed oral contraceptives.
- On the breakdown of adhesions through surgery.
- At the physiotherapy. An important role in the treatment of endometritis is physical therapy. It allows not only to strengthen the flow of mucus, pus from the uterine cavity, but also to normalize the functioning of the ovaries.
With regard to the purulent form of the disease, therapy is based on mechanical cleaning of dead tissue. Of course, such a procedure is unpleasant, so the woman entered General anesthesia.
Of course, any disease requires recovery of the organism. Especially if we are talking about the female body. Colorterapia combines the healing and rejuvenating activities. However, embarking on such treatment only in remission.
Occurring in the female body inflammatory processes worsen the quality of life. Through severe pain, which are gaining strength during sexual intercourse are suffering sexual life of a woman. In parallel, the infection through the lymphatic and circulatory system can spread throughout the body.
One of the most dangerous complications of the disease is sepsis. As you know, running form is accompanied by the formation of adhesions in the pelvis. Adhesions in the body lead to long-term lack of conception of the child or problems with child bearing. Broken fallopian process is accompanied by the menstrual cycle. So to avoid above complications it is recommended to follow a simple preventive rules.
Actually, prevention is based on simple and clear rules. So prevention includes the following activities:
- To lead a healthy lifestyle.
- To strengthen the immune system.
- During intercourse to use condoms. Today they are not only reliable but also a very safe contraceptive.
- To adhere to the rules of personal hygiene.
- Systematically to pass inspection at the gynecologist.
- Sexually active with only one partner.
Note that any disease is easier to prevent than to cure. When the first symptoms of the disease set aside all the things, how important they were to visit the gynecologist. After all, the purpose of any woman is to become a mother’s favorite baby. Good health and a happy healthy minutes.