Is it possible to vaccinate with a cold baby
Is it possible to put an inoculation when cold?
Profilaktirujut powerful tool in the fight against infections is vaccination. The Ministry of health annually approves the calendar of vaccinations, each of which should be at a certain age.
Among the contraindications for administration of immunobiological preparation is a number of specific diseases. Is it possible to vaccinate with a cold, and the dangerous irregularity of conduct, neglect of the adverse factors?
The etiology of the common cold
Submitted rhinitis inflammation of the nasal mucosa, which provoke exogenous and endogenous stimuli. To protect from drying out of the inner shell, to prevent the growth and reproduction of pathogenic microflora goblet cells produce abnormal secret.
Under the action of pathogenic agents vessels dilate epithelium that develops hyperemia of soft tissues, impaired drainage of the nose. In the absence of the natural message of the nasal cavity with the external environment, accumulates in secretory discharge projection of the nasal sinuses that accompanies the spread of infection.
Most often, the inflammatory process occurs in the background of viral respiratory diseases, allergic reactions. Runny nose is accompanied by vasomotor rhinitis can be the result of a harmful environmental or living conditions, reception of pharmaceutical drugs.
Chemical and physical characteristics of secretions indicate the etiology of rhinitis. When bacterial rhinitis increases the consistency aconselho secret, transparent, the color changes to green by impurities of purulent exudate.
For reference! Local reaction to vaccine manifested by redness, violation of the chair, temperature.
In infectious rhinitis the clinical picture is complemented by the following symptoms:
- increased body temperature to subfebrile figures over 38⁰С;
- nasal congestion;
- discomfort in the neck and nape., which can spread throughout the facial skeleton, depending on the localization of pathogens;
- signs of intoxication;
- weakness, fatigue.
The cold has a tendency to rapid progression. The absence of adequate therapy increases the risk of transfer of disease in a chronic form, it may lose healthy organs and systems: brain, bronchi, lungs, larynx, middle ear.
To abandon or put the vaccine at a cold for adults and children?
The grafting is carried out with the purpose of creation of specific immunity to combat certain pathogens. To vaccination was effective and safe, you must adhere to the list of contraindications, including the immunosuppressive state.
The inactivated vaccines are not contraindicated, but there is no guarantee that the introduction of preventive drugs will lead to the desired effect, will not have side effects.
Limitations to vaccination are divided into absolute and temporary contra-indication. Among the volatile condition is the inflammation of the upper respiratory tract. Consensus about the insecurity of vaccination with rhinitis does not exist.
In contrast, supporters of vaccination when cold there is a second opinion of experts that the grafting on the background of inflammation of the nasal mucosa causes harm to physiological immunity.
Before vaccination, the doctor conducts an external examination of the patient, appoints analyzes of blood and urine. When diagnosing deviations from the norm, the therapist is not recommended to be vaccinated the vaccination be postponed until full recovery.
For reference! To restore the immune system need 21-30 days.
Is it possible to do BCG when cold?
The active specific prophylaxis of tuberculosis takes place in two stages: on day 3-5 of newborn and revaccination in the seventh year of life. In the diagnosis of acute illness vaccination is delayed until recovery.
Despite the fact that modern vaccines are characterized by a high degree of adaptation to the human body, hypoallergenic and minimal risk of development of inflammatory processes, to anticipate the response of a weakened immune system very difficult.
Vaccinations when cold infants not contraindicated on the background of physiological rhinitis. In the first year of a child’s life is the adaptation of the mucosa to the external environment when the transparent myconazole the secret is in moderation is considered normal.
If after examination, the pediatrician confirms «runny nose infants», it means that regulated the timing of the immunization schedule will be followed.
Test with rhinitis
Identical to the name of the sample Pirke – immunological test, which assesses reaction to the behavior in the body of the causative agents of tuberculosis. In this case, runny nose is a limiting factor, determines the etiology of the disease.
If rhinitis is an infectious nature of occurrence, the tuberculin is better to postpone, because the reaction of reduced immunity may be manifested by fever, inflammation at the site of injection, allergies. There is also a risk of distortion of the clinical results.
For reference! In atrophic rhinitis, catalysts which are benign tumors, a foreign object in the nasal cavity, changes in bone and cartilage structure of upper body skin test is allowed.
Tuberculin test involves the introduction into the body of antigens, so the rhinitis of allergic origin will require preparation for vaccination. When the symptoms will be relieved with antihistamines, it is possible to conduct this method of research.
DTP and runny nose
A combination vaccine against tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis is one of the most reactogenic. There is a wide list of contraindications for its implementation, including the defeat of the upper respiratory tract.
A mitigating circumstance is the absence of additional clinical symptoms with a cold. If the doctor assessed the child’s condition as satisfactory, the decision to adsorbed pertussis-diphtheria-tetanus vaccine is up to the parents.
The slightest deviation from the norm requires complete relief of pathological disorders.
Inoculation with PAC nozzle
Measles, rubella, mumps – childhood infections, which are transmitted pathogenic and aerogenic way. Polyvalent vaccination involves the introduction of immunobiological preparation for the generation of immunity of the organism to pathogenic microflora.
Measles component of the vaccine increases the risk of reaktornogo symptoms. To avoid complications, it is advisable to vaccinate a healthy child.
In comparison with bacterial rhinitis, allergic and vasomotor rhinitis are less of a threat to the health of the baby. Snot are subjective contraindication to vaccination, so the final decision is up to the parents.
Vaccination helps to protect children’s bodies from serious pathological changes. An important condition for any grafting is an absolutely healthy child.
The planned introduction of antigenic material is acceptable, if allergic, physiological and atrophic rhinitis if the child’s condition is satisfactory. Infectious rhinitis requires a complete relief and a long period (up to 3 weeks) for recovery of the immune system.