Itchy nose and sneezing: what causes and how to remove it
How to get rid of itchy nose and sneezing?
Air masses are subject of optimization and filtering of extraneous agents, foreign particles in the paranasal sinuses. Hypersensitivity ciliated epithelium explains the occurrence of burning sensation nasal cavity when exposed to aggressive external and internal factors.
Recommendations on what to do when itching in the nose and sneezing will help to normalize the patient’s condition, to speed up the process of regression, to prevent serious complications.
What provokes discomfort?
Local protection of the mucous membrane from exogenous stimuli and endogenous pathologies carried out by the staff mucociliary clearance. The influence of biologically active agents inhibit production of ciliated epithelium, which is manifested violation of the drainage of the sinuses, irritation of receptor fibers.
Nerve impulses stimulate the desire to scratch your nose, to evacuate the pathogens from the respiratory tract of a sharp forced expiration.
Reasons why itchy nose and sneezing, differenziata external and internal. The first group includes infectious and fungal diseases, allergic reactions, hypertrophy of the soft tissues. External forms imply unfavorable domestic, industrial and environmental terms, the changes of bone and cartilaginous structure of the upper body.
In the structure of the inner lining of the nose are present fat cells that contain granules of inflammatory mediators. The integrity of the mast disturbs the introduction of antigens in the projection of soft tissues, resulting in releasing a biogenic amine, which causes inflammation of the nasal epithelium.
Pathological changes lead to irritation of the nerve fibers to the appearance of sneezing and itching.
Destabilisateur condition of the nasal epithelium following factors:
- spores of plants;
- wool Pets;
- chemicals household purposes;
For reference! Most often the symptoms characteristic of a temporary nature, while eliminating contact with the stimulus intensity of allergic reactions is reduced.
The clinical picture is completed by lacrimation, redness of the eyelids, nasal congestion, copious aconselho secret, solitary or paroxysmal sneezing.
When the runny nose and constantly itching in the nose, caused by the localization of pathogenic microorganisms in the projection of the upper respiratory tract. Activation of pathogenic microflora manifested by edema and inflammation of soft tissues, increased production of nasal fluid.
On the background of infection of the mucosa is irritation of the terminal apparatus of the nerve fibers, which causes painful-tickling irritation in the nose.
The defeat of the body of rhinovirus infection indicate the following features:
- high body temperature;
- blockage of the paranasal sinuses;
- signs of intoxication;
- weakness, fatigue;
With timely treatment for medical assistance pathology docked for 7 days, the symptoms becoming less pronounced 3-4 days of therapy.
Pathological disorders associated with an imbalance of the autonomic system. Catalysts for changes in blood vessel tone are various sorts of circumstances:
- hormonal imbalance;
- emotional distress;
- increased physical activity;
- long-term use of medications;
- changing weather conditions;
- food factors.
Violation of the neuro-reflex mechanisms of neurovegetative hyperactivity is manifested by the shell, resulting in the development of edematous secretory reaction, sneezing and itching of the inner projection of the nose. The patient’s condition exacerbates the reduction of visual perception olfactory receptors, change in voice, variable nasal congestion.
Negative impact on the mucosa have adverse environmental conditions. The susceptibility of the epithelium increases the lack of moisture, dust loading or concentration of chemicals.
Fact! When elevated levels of irritating substances, there is a risk of chemical burns.
Irritate the respiratory tract foreign agents, localized in the paranasal sinuses. In violation of the natural message of the nasal cavity with the external environment there is a desire to sneeze, to remove the causative agent of forced exhalation.
In addition to these variations take place other causes of itching in the nose. For example, benign and cancer education, such as papilloma, fibroma, cysts, adenoids, polyps. May be required in addition to the visit to the audiologist, the completion of clinical examinations.
How to get rid of itching in the nose conservative ways
The choice of reference therapy based on the results of objective examination and diagnostic procedures. Because the itching and sneezing typical of diseases with different etiology, selection of medical schemes is carried out individually for each clinical case.
There are General guidelines that can be used as a Supplement to antibacterial, antiallergic and antiviral therapy.
Irrigation of the nasal cavity is carried out for the mechanical cleansing of the sinuses from irritants, active recovery of the mucosa, preventing the formation of crusts, nasal absorption enhancement of drugs.
For reference! Manipulation with prescribed profilaktirujut or therapeutic purposes to improve the tone of blood vessels, relief of symptoms neurovegetative and infectious rhinitis.
Widespread in ENT practice are moisturizer based on isotonic sea water:
- «Other means»;
- «Sodium Chloride»;
Alternative to pharmacy products is a saline solution (250 ml water 1 tsp salt). Irrigation of the nose is recommended to use special irrigators or devices to reduce the risk of the water flow into the maxillary sinuses.
Nasal lavage does not cause systemic reactions, therefore they are to full recovery.
Rhinitis of allergic etiology requires taking antihistamines. Main components block the activity of H-1 receptors inhibit release of the biogenic amine from labrocyte. Therapeutic efficiency is manifested by reducing soft tissue inflammation, antipruritic effect, the suppression of skin reactions.
To eliminate itching and sneezing use different groups of pharmaceutical products:
- antihistamines local action – glucocorticoid effective in the early stages of allergic rhinitis. Substance barrier action form on the surface of the epithelium protective film that prevents the contact of the mucous membrane irritant. Have a number of side effects, so are assigned a specialist. Preference is given to «Rentalo» Nazaval», «Prevline», «Nasonex», «Nazareno»;
- systemic antiallergic drugs – prevent the development and facilitate the running of allergies, reduce capillary permeability, relieve spasm of smooth muscle, exhibit anti-edema activity. Core list of medicines form such as «Zyrtec», «Suprastin», «Tarakan», «Core», «Zodak», «Clemastine».
For reference! Otolaryngologists prefer antihistamines 3 and 4 generations that do not possess sedative and cardiotoxic effects.
Launched an Allergy threat to the development of asthma, angioedema, anaphylactic shock. Therefore, when the first signs of unusual reactions (itchy nose, sneezing, watery eyes) seek medical help.
Treatment of colds
Therapy infectious lesions of the upper respiratory tract involves the use of medicines etiotropic action. They inhibit the activity of pathogenic agents, preventing their growth and reproduction, thereby reducing the frequency and intensity of itching, sneezing.
The complex scheme is based on the pharmaceutical drugs of different groups:
- antiviral. Emergency assistance increase protective functions of the body, not allowed to spread infection, therefore, prescribe a short course of up to 4 days at the first signs of pathology. Popular medicines such as, «Grippferon», «Interferon», «Derinat», «Ingaron» contain related to body protein interferon, is required for activation of the immune system.
- disinfectant. Antiseptics inhibit the growth of bacteria, ensure their evacuation from the nasal cavity, stimulate the activity of immune cells, accelerate the regeneration of soft tissues. Exhibit bacteriostatic and anti-swelling activity «Chlorophyllipt», «Miramistin», «Protargol»;
- antibacterial. The range of pharmaceutical products presented nasal sprays: «Bioparox», «Izofra», «Polideksa». They are characterized by a broad spectrum of action, active against gram-positive and gram-negative strains. Main indications for use are chronic sinusitis, rhinitis viral/bacterial etiology.
Nuance! To facilitate nasal breathing in cases of nasal congestion short course appoint vasoconstrictive drugs: «Naphazoline», «Expra», «Nazivin», «Oxymetazoline», «Vibrocil».
Complaints of the patient, that he is constantly sneezing and had itchy nose symptoms of a chronic pathology. The progression of the disease is dangerous atrophy of the mucous membrane, increased production of nasal secretions, which requires more complex structural therapy, up to surgical intervention.
Minor itching upper body is the norm. Medical participation requires continuous and systematic forced exhalations, the occurrence of burning sensation in the nose that complement other clinical symptoms. Pathological changes require supplementation of palliative and etiotropic therapy.