Keratosis of the vulva: causes, symptoms and treatment of this disease
Keratosis of the vulva is a gynaecological disease that is accompanied by keratinization and thickening of the surface epithelial layer of the external genitalia, which is visually expressed in the appearance on the mucous surface of the vulva white or grayish «plaques». Keratosis of the vulva is also called leukoplakia. Most often this disease is diagnosed in women of middle or older age. In most cases keratosis of the vulva affects the genitals of women who have attained 60 years of age and crossed the so-called «threshold» of menopause. But it is worth noting that to date, this disease has become more common – it is often diagnosed and girls of reproductive age.
The main danger of keratosis is that it is considered a precancerous condition of the epithelium – this means that without proper treatment keratosis vulva causes pathological changes in the tissues and can lead to the development of malignant neoplasms in the vulva.
Causes of keratosis vulva
The main factors that can cause development of keratosis of the vulva, are chronic inflammation of the mucosal surface of the genital organs, and various metabolic, neuroendocrine, or immune disorders in the female body. To date, the exact causes of keratosis vulva not determined, but the factors that can cause this disease.
- Women over 40 years of age – at menopause in the female body is undergoing serious hormonal imbalance, which can cause development of keratosis of the vulva.
- The main causes of the pathology can be various gynecological or other chronic diseases – most often it is diabetes, thyroid dysfunction, obesity, human papillomavirus infection, genital herpes, cervical dysplasia, ovarian dysfunction, adrenal insufficiency.
- To trigger the development of leukoplakia of the vulva may long, numerous injuries to the bikini area, irritation due to mechanical damage during surgical interventions or diagnostic vysalivanie.
- Very often the cause of this disease is the lack of vitamin A in the female body.
- Endometriosis often acts as the root causes keratosis of the vulva.
- Many of the factors contributing to the reduced levels of immunity contribute to the development of many gynecological diseases, including leukoplakia vulva. Dangerous factors include Smoking, prolonged use of alcohol or certain medications, ultraviolet radiation, poor diet with excess fatty, spicy or acidic dishes, irrational distribution of time of work and rest.
The main signs of keratosis of the vulva
The initial stage of the disease is often asymptomatic woman is not disturbed by any manifestations of the disease. In the later stages keratosis can be detected in the visual inspection of the mucosa of the labia minora and clitoris – on the surface begin to appear whitish, grayish or pale-yellow spots, which gradually thicken and become so-called «plaque».
The process of plaque formation may be accompanied by a feeling of itching and burning in the surface region of the clitoris and the labia minora. In some cases, the discomfort can be very strong, causing the woman a lot of inconvenience and discomfort. Especially the itching and burning worse after going to the toilet, during sex, at night. Discomfort during intercourse is often so intense that the woman begins to panic fear of close communication, which completely lose interest in sex life.
With long-term development of the disease on the surface of the affected mucous membrane may form painful and bleeding erosions, ulcers and micro cracks. Such cracks are localized, or may have a tendency to unite. In such cases the sores are merged, and their boundaries are virtually erased.
Diagnosis of keratosis vulva
Diagnosis of keratosis vulva becomes possible after a complete gynecological examination and all necessary laboratory examinations. As mentioned above, the initial stage of gynecological diseases are often asymptomatic. The first signs of the disease manifest themselves even in the later stages – in the form of dense white dots or spots that can be seen during regular gynecological examination.
Why you need to undergo a full gynaecological examination and pass all required lab tests? Keratosis of the vulva has symptoms similar to many other diseases of internal organs and systems, and therefore it is necessary to clearly establish the cause and type of pathology before you start treatment.
To diagnose keratosis mandatory prescribed colposcopy of the vulva – in the process of this research, studying the structure of the mucosal surface of the vagina, as well as the nature of the changes in the tissues of the epidermis and mucosa. It is on the basis of the received results of laboratory research leading specialist assigned the necessary treatment.
Treatment of keratosis vulva
Treatment of leukoplakia of the vulva starts with treatment of the disease, which has provoked its development. Most often, women is prescribed a course of drugs – anti-inflammatory, antibody, hormonal agents, whose action is directed on restoration and normalization of the level of estrogen in the female body. Many experts advise women to Supplement the treatment of keratosis of the vulva a special multivitamin complexes, which help to raise the level of immunity in the female body.
Quite effective is the addition of drug therapy, various physical therapy treatments such as oxygen therapy or phonophoresis. In the most severe cases, possible to use operational method of treatment, which involves excision of tissue from the mucous surface of the vulva.
Very positive results shows therapeutic exercise, strict adherence to the special diet therapy, as well as strict control and hygiene procedures without the use of any cosmetic products. For bathing, many experts advise women to use decoctions of herbs – of course, provided that the girl is no allergic reaction to the broth.
Women who have been diagnosed with keratosis of the vulva, should be special attention to your daily diet – it should consist mainly of fresh vegetables, fruits, dairy products and fiber. Should strictly limit the number of available digestible carbohydrates and fats in your menu. Smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages is also recommended to minimize – only in this case we can speak about full restoration of women’s health and well-being.