Laparoscopy ovarian cyst: how to go to the hospital?
Often women 25 — 45 years, who came for a regular visit to the gynecologist, I hear a disappointing diagnosis: ovarian cyst. But do not immediately panic – with timely diagnosis and proper treatment started at the earliest stages of the disease, the woman expects a full recovery and return to productive, active lives. For the treatment of ovarian cysts most often applies a comprehensive approach that includes traditional drug therapy, taking herbal remedies, a range of different physiotherapy procedures, and in the most severe cases, surgical treatment. One of the most common and frequently prescribed methods of operative interference with the cysts of the ovaries is a laparoscopy. Many women who are diagnosed with the gynecological pathology, are given a completely logical question is: what is this technique of removal of cyst and how much you need to stay in hospital after the operation?
Laparoscopy: the essence and techniques of
Laparoscopy is an endoscopic surgery in the region of the ovary, which is produced without the direct penetration into the abdominal cavity.
How is a ovarian cyst removal and laparoscopy? This type of surgical treatment is performed only under General anesthesia. Surgery is performed through three small incision into the abdominal cavity – the diameter of each hole is typically less than 0.5 — 1 cm Further in the internal abdominal cavity is injected carbon dioxide, which helps to create the necessary operational space. This is possible due to the fact that subsequently the introduction of the gas, the abdominal wall is lifted away from the organs, providing free access to them.
Through holes the surgeon inserts a miniature camera and flashlight, as well as special surgical instruments. Then made all the necessary operational manipulation to remove cysts, holes sewn up.
The prevalence of laparoscopy due to its many advantages over other types of surgical treatment.
- The lack of direct penetration into the abdominal cavity, which can not be avoided under normal operation, respectively, laparoscopy is totally non-traumatic surgical intervention.
- Postoperative period in laparoscopy is much shorter than conventional surgery.
- During the meeting, and after a laparoscopy woman not accompanied by pain. Another advantage of this method is the absence of postoperative scars and scars.
- In these cases, removal of cysts, there is no possibility of a divergence of seams of the development of various inflammatory, infectious and adhesion processes.
Preparation for laparoscopy
The first stage of preparation for the operation is that the woman must pass all the tests and pass all prescribed examinations. In the majority of cases we are talking about the analysis of urine General analysis of blood and study of clotting and glucose levels, ultrasound examination of pelvic organs. Surgery for ovarian cyst removal can be performed any day of the menstrual cycle – in addition to direct those who drop out monthly.
The day before laparoscopy the woman is in the inpatient Department of the hospital. Since the removal of the cyst is performed under General anesthesia, until about 18:00 before she is allowed to eat, 21:00 — 22:00 — drink. On the day of surgery to use any form of liquid is strictly forbidden. Before the operation area of the external genitalia carefully oblivaetsya. For maximum cleansing of the stomach in the evening before bedtime and immediately before surgery a woman doing a cleansing enema.
The first day after surgery
In the first day after the laparoscopy ovarian cysts woman mandatory is in the hospital under close medical supervision. This is due to the fact that after the termination of anesthesia the patient may appear painful sensations of varying intensity in the lower part of the abdomen. A medical personnel carries out the processing of postoperative seams.
After about 7 — 8 hours after a laparoscopy woman can drink non-carbonated water, fresh juices, fruit drinks, fruit drinks. At the same time allowed to get out of bed – but in any case, you should not make any active or sudden movements. If the pain in the ovary region is quite strong, the doctor may prescribe certain medications from the category of analgesics. Also in the majority of cases assigned to therapy with antibiotics is necessary to minimize the risk of any complications.
The postoperative period
As a rule, the duration of rehabilitation period after the laparoscopy for ovarian cyst removal depends entirely on the individual characteristics of each specific of the female body. In most cases the hospital will have to be from 3 to 7 days. It all depends on how quickly heal post-operative stitches, how soon they will be removed and the overall health of a woman. Of course, the presence of any complications of laparoscopy or severe pain in the ovaries, the duration of hospital stay may be slightly increased.
Usually within 7 days after removal of ovarian cysts patient make regular seams, which consists in dressing changes and careful processing of seams of the special antiseptic. Also during the recovery period a woman spends in the hospital, she encouraged more to move, starting at a slow walk. This is necessary in order to fully restore and strengthen the intestinal peristalsis, as well as the General functioning of the ovaries and other internal reproductive organs. 5 — day 7 after surgery for in good health women stitches are removed and the patient discharged from the hospital.
But we should not think that the recovery period after surgical removal of ovarian cysts ends on discharge from hospital. Return to your normal life women can expect no earlier than a month after the laparoscopy. For about 23 — 25 days after discharge from the hospital should strictly adhere to certain rules of rehabilitation.