Laryngeal edema: symptoms and treatment at home
Laryngeal edema: causes and treatment
Condition, life threatening, sometimes develop suddenly and quickly. Sometimes need a few seconds to the danger was real and imminent. Allergic swelling of the larynx (external photos of the signs posted in the gallery) is one of the most common manifestations that jeopardize the vital functions of the respiratory system and body as a whole.
The mechanism and causes of
The independent phenomenon of swelling of the larynx almost never happens, in the vast majority of cases it is secondary and occurs on the background of other diseases, often of allergic origin.
The mucous tissue lining the cavity of the body, become inflamed and dramatically increase in size, blocking the respiratory tract. This is called stenosis.
Causes of laryngeal edema may be:
- infectious disease acute – measles, diphtheria, influenza;
- inflammation in the larynx – laryngotracheitis, tracheobronchitis, laryngitis;
- tumor processes;
- chemical effects;
- allergic diseases;
- pathology of adjacent organs and tissues.
Some causes fulminant narrowing of the lumen, others are able to provoke acute or chronic. For example, stenosis in the background diphtheria is acute, and narrowing of the larynx with growing tumors chronic.
Symptoms of stenosis
The severity of symptoms depends on the shape and speed of swelling.
- The voice becomes hoarse, the patient speaks hoarsely.
- There is a feeling of a foreign object in the throat.
- Difficult breath.
- Breathing becomes noisy, with whistles.
In acute stenosis is difficult and the breath and exhale: this status faces a real suffocation. Most often this occurs when laryngeal edema allergies.
Diagnosis does not cause trouble: too clear the symptoms. But in some cases, to clarify the reasons applied laryngoscopy.
How to help?
Withdrawal symptoms laryngeal edema and treatment of the condition, triggering contraction, is carried out only under the supervision of physicians and in terms of inpatient stay. Depending on the causes of disease, severity of stenosis and the patient’s condition, therapy may be conservative and radical.
Pharmaceutical care includes:
- corticosteroid means;
- dehydration therapy (removal of excess fluid from the body).
Edema on the background of bacterial inflammation added broad-spectrum antibiotics administered mainly parenterally, that is intravenously.
In the case when the standard dosage used medicine not have the desired impact, the number of drugs increase. In the absence of effective resort to surgery to ensure normal breathing – tracheostomy. In the case of severe obstruction, making impossible a tracheostomy, perform conicotomia – dissection of the larynx. This is an extreme case, and it is usually treated within the emergency care for acute injuries of the larynx with edema that are not susceptible to relief by other means.
In early childhood the narrowing of the lumen of the larynx occurs much more often than I would like. If diseases such as measles, scarlet fever and diphtheria, against which develops stenosis, almost sunk into oblivion due to mass vaccination, laryngitis and other diseases of the upper respiratory tract chasing kids constantly.
The most frequent culprit of such States is laryngotracheitis. If it is accompanied by noisy breathing, hoarseness and a barking cough, then it becomes constrictive. And stenosing laryngotracheitis arising on the background of the infection, called viral (or false) croup.
The stenosis in this case may be caused by two factors:
- excessive amount of sputum, which the child is unable to cough up;
- allergic edema of mucosal tissues with subsequent narrowing of the lumen of the larynx.
Each of edema of the larynx first aid own.
- If breathing problems caused by an inability to cough, in the first place need cool and fresh air. A sick child should bring the street, on a balcony or an open window. To make the sputum less astringent, it is necessary to give to drink in small SIPS the warm liquid. A variety of tools expectorant action in this case is obviously dangerous, as they are not only diluting the pathological discharge the respiratory tract, but quickly increase in volume, which can lead to obstruction.
- Stenosis mucosal tissues, in need of urgent medical care and medication. To relieve an attack used antispasmodic drugs and hormones, missing most parents have in the medicine Cabinet.
A popular way of home assistance in the rump – session in the bathroom open the taps hot water. In fact, the actions of the faithful: warm air and steam contribute to the softening of the sputum, and the patient is able to cough. However, if the child is under three years, the larynx it is very narrow, and so high the risk of further clogging the lumen with mucus. Therefore, the aid may result in worsening of the condition. But if breathing problems provoked sputum and a stenosis or spasm, such measures generally will not have any effect.
Treatment of edema of larynx in a child, especially suffering from allergic diseases, should be conducted only by specialists. However, if stenosing laryngotracheitis is becoming a common phenomenon and accompanies almost every disease, parents need to discuss with your doctor the tactics first aid and Supplement the first-aid kit necessary medications (e.g., prednisone in ampoules or special candles «Rectocele»). Of course, the dosage and methods of administration of drugs to know beforehand.
In the case when the problems with breathing caused by allergic nature, can help with edema larynx inhalation with special drugs that reduce muscle tone and relieve the spasm and restore the free access of air. Mainly for use corticosteroids in the form of suspensions, which must be filled in the nebulizer or the inhaler.
A doctor is needed immediately
If the following symptoms should in all possible ways to call for medical help:
- whistling during inspiration;
- inability to swallow;
- heavy, shallow breathing (called stenotic);
Most often, these phenomena occur on a background of intense fever. If there is at least one of these symptoms or stenosis caused by foreign body, the question is how to remove swelling of the larynx in the home simply does not exist. Need urgent expert help.
If the child has already had a bout of stenosing laryngotracheitis, every fever must be considered as a signal of readiness.
Several causes of problems with the larynx
In adult patients edema may develop due to systemic diseases affecting the body as a whole:
- cardiovascular failure;
- disorders in the kidneys;
- cirrhosis of the liver.
Also to blame is the intolerance of any chemical substances, drugs or food and the local disruption in the blood flow due to compression of blood vessels.
Can low back pain cause pain in the throat, dyspnea, laryngeal edema? Pain – Yes, rest on the conscience of nerve signals from the brain. As damage to the cervical vertebrae entails the inflammation of the nerve fibers, it is the consequence of this condition is a failure in the motor function. As a result, the brain signals the periphery of irregularities: there is a sensation of «lump in throat», pain occur in the region of the larynx, in the head, blood circulation. Stenosis in this case there is, therefore, danger of suffocation does not exist. That feeling, which, however, at constant nature can cause mental instability, neurasthenia and other disorders.