Lividity of the genital lips: possible causes and recommendations
Any unusual changes of the external genitalia a serious concern for women. These include lividity of the mucous membrane of the labia. In most cases, the bluish color is not a pathology, but it could be a sign of disease or injury. What are the causes of blue labia?
The concept of the norm is often much broader than the concept of pathology. This also applies to the female external genitals. Large and small labia can vary in size and shape; the skin and mucous membranes pigmentosa different, getting color from pale pink to dark brown, and all these variations are normal. Blue mucous membranes may seem unusual, but if this phenomenon is not accompanied by painful symptoms, it is likely caused by the specific physiology of the individual organism.
The causes of blue labia
Cyanosis of the mucous membranes of the external genitalia associated with the change in circulation in this area. For example, it may be caused by subcutaneous hemorrhaging as a result of the impact that occurs in ordinary bruises. Another reason for blue in the face – venous congestion and varicose vessels that bring blood to the heart.
Most often, the blue color of the labia complaining pregnant women, which is not surprising. Just imagine the changes occurring in the female body after conception. The fetus located in the uterus, begins to grow and his weight puts pressure on the organs and vessels located in the pelvic cavity. Plus, there is a radical change in the hormonal levels of the body.
With age, the color of the skin of the external genitalia change. This is due to the maturation and aging of the body, accompanied by hormonal changes. Significant changes occur during puberty: labia darken.
The sexual life of women also affects their color. So, frequent and rough sex, accompanied by strong friction of the fabrics, leading to increased pigmentation. 35 years significantly increases the production of the female hormone estrogen, which also affects the color saturation of the mucous membranes.
Injuries and illnesses
Blue mucous membranes of the labia are indeed a pathology, but rarely is the only symptom of a serious problem. Most often, abnormal bruising is accompanied by other disturbing symptoms: pain, swelling, bleeding.
- At strong blows of the perineum can occur subcutaneous hemorrhage and to form a «bruise». Trauma prior to the bruising of the labia, indicates the true cause of the problem.
- Severe inflammatory processes in the genital organs are also accompanied by cyanosis of the mucous membranes. Other symptoms are enlargement and swelling of the labia; the appearance of the sores, sometimes bleeding, foci of erosion; sticky vaginal discharge of white color.
Turn blue the labia can result in minor skin injuries obtained, for example, while shaving. In place of ingrown hair, a small hearth blue. The same effect arises from deep pimples in the pubic area and labia.
To rubbing, skin damage, pressure vessels, oxygen starvation and, as a consequence, bruising of the tissues may cause a woman wearing the close, uncomfortable, synthetic, linen and other clothing.
Bruising of the labia during pregnancy
Pregnancy stands out among the possible causes of cyanotic hue of the labia. This characteristic can manifest itself as early as two weeks after conception. In the second half of pregnancy labia change even more often there are unpleasant sensations, itching; colour of mucous membranes can be purple-bluish. Large and small labia visibly swollen and puffy. All these changes are natural, normal and do not carry women’s health no threat. They are caused by the abrupt change in blood circulation (especially in the pelvic organs), pressure from the growing fetus and are the primary mechanism of delivery.
Such physiological changes can lead to venous stasis and varicose veins of the perineum and genital organs in the later stages of pregnancy that usually disappear on their own after a few days after birth. The probability of this phenomenon increases in women beremennaya again. Among first-time mothers only a third of expectant mothers are faced with varicose veins of the perineum, while the second pregnancy he’s worried about is two-thirds women.
In critical cases of venous stasis can lead to the development of acute thrombosis, severe pain and bleeding. These complications can be prevented by following some medical advice:
- a pregnant woman should move as much as possible — in a static position, the blood stagnates to the pelvic area;
- it is recommended to lie on your side;
- to wear underwear without seams — it has no strong pressure; in addition, if necessary applies a special compression underwear, support vein tone.
Also, the gynecologist may prescribe a special medical ointment.
Thus, in most cases, a cyanotic hue of the labia – variation norm. Blue vulva if pregnancy is a natural process that does not threaten the health of the expectant mother and baby. However, it is necessary to take some preventive measures to prevent the development of thrombophlebitis. If the bruising of the labia accompanied by pain, edema, appearance of ulcers on the skin, you must consult a doctor.