Medical drops in the nose from a cold — which can remove the cause
What nose drops therapeutic and will help to remove the cause of the common cold?
Runny nose (rhinitis) is not a disease but a normal physiological response of the body with which the nasal mucosa is cleared of infectious agents, germs, viruses, allergens. Most people are accustomed to using the popular nasal drops, like Naphazoline, Sanorin. These drugs quickly relieve the congestion, affecting the vascular tone, but have absolutely no therapeutic effect, there are only a few hours and increase the need for permanent instillation. Their work is based on vasoconstrictive effect.
When cold the blood vessels swell significantly, blocking the lumen of the nasal passages, breathing becomes difficult. And this type drops quickly cope with its task, but they don’t remove the cause of the disease. Over time, a person gets used to these drugs and does no longer respond to them. Can even be formed of different growths, polyps. There is even the term “Neftianoy nose.” It is important to understand that colds are caused by different reasons, so you need to find out the cause and find appropriate treatment.
The essence of these drops to maintain and adjust the condition of the mucous membrane. Moisturizing nose drops are not remedies for the common cold, but they provide the necessary conditions in the mucous membrane, in which the body successfully fights germs. In most cases this approach is effective and safe.
Moisturizing nose drops are also recommended:
- for preventive measures;
- for daily hygiene.
Among moisturizing preparations include:
- Normal saline — pure water with addition of salt. It is possible to cook by yourself or buy sterile solution at the pharmacy. Advantages: moisturizes the mucous, cleans dust, has no contraindications.
- Drops on the basis of sea water (Akvamaris, Marker, Phrase, saline spray) saturate tissues useful trace minerals, with regular use, restore the mucous.
When drying of the nasal mucosa, crusting prescribe drops with essential oils. These drugs should not be used if the patient has hypersensitivity. In comparison with artificial medicines, essential oils are an organic product and is perceived by the body. However, such tools with caution are prescribed to children because of the likelihood of bronchospasm.
Eucalyptus oil is a popular remedy for the treatment of rhinitis. It cannot be taken internally, it is only intended for external use. It is a transparent liquid with a characteristic herbal smell, is made from the leaves of eucalyptus.
Main active ingredient — evkaliptola — it has antiviral, antiseptic, immunomodulating effect.
Oil has a negative effect on various foreign organisms due to the content phellandrene, aromadendrene, which are characterized by bactericidal properties.
Eucalyptus oil is used 1 times per day, lubricating the nasal passages, pre-clearing them with saline drops or sea water. The course of therapy is 7 to 14 days.
The oil promotes the healing process, prevents the formation of cracks, dry crusts, and normalizes breathing. Blends well with tea tree oil, which is also well-established in the fight against bacteria and fungi.
Tea tree oil
Tea tree oil used as a preventive for disinfection in the treatment of infectious diseases of the nose, is particularly effective in the case of persistent sinusitis. It is a liquid with a yellowish tinge characteristic aroma of nutmeg. One of the most effective means in the cold. They lubricate the nasal passages if nasal congestion, can be used as drops.
Especially quickly comes relief, if you use essential oils at the same time with the massage of certain points.
Before using essential oils read the safety precautions:
- it is strictly forbidden to take by mouth, possible vomiting, stomach pain;
- prescribed with caution in pregnant and lactation period;
- in allergic disposition of the body.
Because of the likelihood of development of hypersensitivity reactions is recommended before greasing the nose with essential oils, get a mini-endurance test in: squeeze a DAB on the spot of the wrist, if things don’t experience any redness, itching, burning, the oil can be used.
To combat dryness and vitamins A and E in the form of liquid mold release. Vitamins contribute to healthy nasal mucosa, regenerate tissue, restore its protective and moisturizing functions of the nose.
Retinol (vitamin A) is effective for colds. Suitable for the treatment of rhinitis in children. The ARD is instilled 1 time a day, allows you to cure a runny nose for a few days. Side effects: headache, nausea, disorder of the gastrointestinal tract, allergic reactions.
Tocopherol (vitamin E) is struggling with many of the pathologies of nasal breathing. Acts at the cellular level, increases local immunity. Contraindication is personal intolerance to the oil-based solution vitamin.
Antiallergic nose drops
Therapeutic antiallergic nose drops are effective only in the case when the irritation provoked by different triggers, for example, animal dander, plant pollen, chemical substances.
As a result of failure of immune cells inappropriately react to familiar things. In contact with irritants is the release of mediators of Allergy. A large number of cells eosinophils, basophils triggers the swelling of the turbinates, copious clear mucus, itching and sneezing.
Drops, treating allergic rhinitis, block the release of histamine that is released by cells, causing unpleasant symptoms.
In order to know exactly what the nature of rhinitis: allergic, bacterial or viral, you need to contact Laura. The doctor will examine the nasal passages using rhinoscopy. Process in allergic mucosa is pale, a little bluish tint.
As well as administer nasifoglu — smear from the nose to the qualitative and quantitative composition of cells in the mucosal secretions. In favor of hypersensitivity to allergens indicates an excess of eosinophils 5%.
The most common drops:
Hormonal drugs such as Fluticasone, Prednisolone is in fact nose drops that treat Allergy due to anti-inflammatory effects. Advantages: quickly leaves swelling, facilitates nose breathing. However, these drugs have many side effects: they are addictive is contraindicated in pregnant women and children, so their use is possible only after a thorough examination and prescription.
Drops of bactericidal action
Drugs of this kind is nasal drops that treat runny nose bacterial nature. If the smear discharge showed a significant excess of neutrophils, cells of the squamous epithelium, the necessary therapy antiseptic drops.
Widely used and effectively inhibit the activity of many pathogenic organisms:
- good help in the treatment of persistent rhinitis;
- deep clean the nasal passages and sinuses;
- reduce swelling of the mucous;
- restore breathing;
- expand the blood vessels.
Such a drop is aimed at addressing the causes of the disease. The therapy takes about 7 days.
Compared to tablets overall operation, antibiotic drops have several advantages:
- do not enter the bloodstream, the gastrointestinal tract, do not cause dysbiosis;
- begin to act instantly, getting directly to the source of infection.
- due to limited places, the risk of reactions sensibilization character is minimized.
Antibiotic drops are effective for diseases:
- the otitis.
With viral nature of the disease there is an increase in the number of lymphocytes, exfoliated cells. In this case, to treat disease, prescribe nose drops with the effect of stimulation of antiviral immunity. They are particularly relevant when SARS with clear nasal discharge.
The most popular of this group of drugs based on the protein human interferon:
- Genferon ® Light.
Disease in the body aktiviziruyutsya natural process the production of interferon, which fights off foreign agents. But if the immune system is weakened chronic diseases, interferon is not produced in the right quantity. Here come to the aid drops antiviral action. They contribute to improving the protection of the cell from penetration of viruses.
Immunostimulatory drugs do not contain this protein, but stimulate his education. For example, the drug Derinat.
Nose drops with antibiotics
Such healing drops is recommended to bury no more than 7-10 days, not to disrupt intestinal flora and cause dysbiosis.
Media with antibiotic was categorically forbidden to use for pregnant women and women in lactation.
The most common drugs in this group:
Apply these drugs to decrease mucous secretions, eliminating chronic bacterial process. In addition, they have anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial action.
The most important in the treatment of rhinitis is to determine the reasons that caused it. Uncontrolled burying of medicines can lead to the development of vasomotor rhinitis, hypertrophy of turbinates and the transition of acute rhinitis chronic.
To ensure that the treatment brought the desired relief and has led to the neglect of the process, it is necessary to consult a doctor. After the examination, the doctor will prescribe nose drops to help you effectively cure a cold in a particular case.