Narrow nasal passages in infants: when is a what to do and the symptoms
What to do if the baby’s narrow nasal passages
Narrow nasal passages are valid the anatomic feature of upper body in children under the age of three. Worrisome is the fact that with the growth of the baby, the space between the paired bones do not increases. Degenerative processes inhibit the immune system, preventing the transport of oxygen and nutrients, destabilisateur the work of the mucociliary apparatus.
The consequences of pathological disorders can be extremely severe, even fatal. Helpful information about how to determine the narrowness of the nasal passages, and how to neutralize the disease, will help prevent serious complications.
The concept of «narrow passages»
Paired bony structures of the nose and the medial wall of the demarcated space – a common bow stroke. The slit strips pass between the upper, middle and lower turbinate, which is located on the lateral wall of the nasal cavity.
Their presence enhances the moisturizing and warming function, and the state determines the aeration of the pneumatic sinuses. In medical terminology the impaired patency of the lumen is indicated by the narrowness of the nasal passages.
The world health organization has developed a common classification coding of medical diagnoses. The methodological framework is not intended to diagnose disease, it is corporate and collective character.
Thus, the diagnoses become in three or four-digit language. Narrow nasal passages according to ICD-10 coded J34.8, «Other specified diseases of nose and paranasal sinuses».
Occlusion of the nasal openings may be congenital or acquired. In the second case, the cause of the development of the anatomical lesions are infectious diseases, which completes the formation of adhesions, scarring of the membrane.
Violation of the nasal space from birth is typical for premature infants, or is associated with abnormal development of the fetus in utero.
Nuance! Experts do not rule out genetic inheritance of education to the narrowness of the nasal passages.
When they narrow the nasal passages?
If this feature is an essential mechanism of adaptation of the respiratory system of the newborn to the conditions of the external world, an adaptation period is completed in 10-12 weeks of baby’s life.
To determine exactly how much to take neuro rhinitis is impossible, since every case is individual. If the nasal secretions on a 3 month stop, this situation requires medical involvement.
Symptoms and treatment of narrow nasal passages of an adult
To develop pathology in the adult may be due to changes in anatomical features of the organ of respiration. The first thing you should pay attention — a violation of the drainage of the sinuses. The patient experiences nasal congestion, pneumatic channels systematically produces sputum.
The clinical picture is complemented by the following manifestations:
- uneven breathing;
- sleep is accompanied by distinct rattling sound and vibration (snoring);
- flushing of the skin;
- General fatigue, apathy.
Nuance! For complete information about the internal state of the organism audiologist to conduct a General examination, ultrasound of the sinuses, and allergic biochemical analysis of blood.
As a palliative therapy used vasoconstrictors. Widespread in ENT practice has received the following eye drops:
Through its effect on alpha-adrenergic receptors normalized natural nasal breathing, reduced mucosal edema. The therapeutic effect occurs within 10-15 minutes after irrigation is maintained to 6-8 hours. After completion of the drug, a feeling of stuffiness returns.
Tip! Irrigation of the nasal cavity with saline or moisturizers before the introduction of the medicinal fluid enhances absorption of active ingredients.
The clinical problem is solved surgically. Turbinotomy — complete or partial resection of the nasal cavities, is performed with the aim of increasing the patency of the nasal passages. Indications for endoscopy acts as hypertrophy of the soft tissues of the nose, changes in bone structures that violate the natural process of oxygen uptake.
Turbinectomy be done in various ways:
The method of surgical intervention is determined by the doctor, given the complexity of the pathology and minimal traumatic procedure. The principle of progressive manipulation is based on the excision of the hypertrophied areas of the mucous in the outpatient setting under local or General anesthesia.
The duration of the rehabilitation period takes several months. There is a risk of negative consequences – the formation of adhesions, scarring.
Postoperative recovery involves processing issecheny areas of medicines by prescription, the rejection of physical activity, limiting intake of spicy and hot food. Subject to successful conchotomy and compliance with the recommendations of the attending doctor, nasal breathing is restored, in 10 to 20 days.
How to determine the narrowness of the nasal passages in infants and what to do
Most often pathological disorders peculiar to the newborn. The respiratory system of the baby is not sufficiently developed, because the process of desalination was carried out by means of the umbilical cord. At birth aktiviziruyutsya protective mechanism of the mucosa occurs increased production of nasal secretions.
The narrow space in the projection of the turbinates blocking the process of outflow of a sputum, mucus accumulates in the paranasal sinuses, which causes nasal congestion, swelling of the soft tissues. This state is determined as a physiological rhinitis.
Important! Violation of nasal breathing, the infant is difficult because your baby is not able to breathe through the mouth, which can cause asphyxia or infant death.
It is very important to diagnose the narrowness of the nasal passages. The first sign of a congenital defect is the lack of the communication of nasal cavity with the external environment. The child is cranky for no reason, disturbed the process of feeding, day and night sleep. When this baby makes uncharacteristic sounds, the nose and snot there.
What if the baby’s narrow nasal passages? Changes in spatial anatomical proportions of the nasal cavity in children under 3 months do not require conservative intervention.
To stabilise the natural functioning of the upper body, the parents must adhere to the following guidelines:
- to control the humidity and temperature. The optimal rate of water content in the air should be not less than 50%. Favorable thermodynamic indicators do not exceed 20 degrees, for a night’s sleep 18⁰С;
- rinse nose with saline, or process mucosa of moisturizing products based on water isotonic («Akvamaris», «Humer», «Phrase»). After administration of the drug suspension, the remains of the phlegm to remove the cotton strands;
- with abundant production aconselho secret to carry out the procedure of the suction nozzle of the aspirator or improvised tools (pipette, syringe, medical bag);
- to maintain a clean working environment, regular wet cleaning;
- preferable to breastfeeding, which is an active development of the nasopharynx.
Back home, the adults should monitor the quality of the breath, as the patency of the nasal channels. If pathology is more than 10-12 weeks to go to a medical facility for help.
On the recommendations of a specialist of the correction of the nasal passages by surgical intervention. Methods of recovery are the same as for adult patients.
The symptoms and treatment of narrow nasal passages adults and infants are characterized by identical mechanism of occurrence and method of recovery. Deformation of bony structures of the nasal organ often requires endoscopic therapy.
The key to successful restoration of nasal breathing – the timely identification of congenital or acquired forms of pathology.