Nasal congestion after puncture of the maxillary sinus: prevention, what to do
What to do after a puncture sinusitis?
In medicine one of the most common is the inflammation of sinusitis. According to statistics, nearly thirty percent of the total population annually seek medical help because of inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. In the diagnosis of patients with generally marked by acute or chronic sinusitis, which requires urgent medical treatment. If medical assistance was rendered promptly, the patient can assign surgery.
If antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs do not had the desired effect, the patient is prescribed a sinus puncture. This procedure allows you to clear the maxillary sinus from accumulation of pus and to improve the outflow of mucous secretions. In addition, surgery is necessary to prevent chronic inflammation. If you’ve had surgery of this kind, you must know what to do after a puncture sinusitis. Let us examine this question in detail and find out the main forms of prevention after an acute inflammation of the sinuses.
What is sinusitis
Sinusitis – the defeat of the paranasal sinuses, which in this area accumulates a large amount of mucous and purulent secretion. Infectious processes, as well as bacterial and viral lesions of the maxillary sinus occurs due to prolonged rhinitis, complications of a cold or flu, but also because of the injury to the nasal cavity. When chronicity of these processes, the patient is suffering from acute sinusitis current.
The negative impact of harmful factors leads to acute symptoms.
With the progression of the sinusitis in the patient may form a chronic inflammation, which is much harder to cure.
By precipitating factors include environmental effects, a weak immune system, long-term inflammation in the upper respiratory tract, violation of the outflow of mucus and deviated septum.
In addition, sinusitis can occur due to teeth caries. The presence of foreign objects that can get into the maxillary sinus when treating the upper jaw also become a provoking factor.
But most often the inflammation occurs due to harmful microorganisms that penetrate into the cavity of the respiratory tract due to weak immune system. The pathological process in the body can occur with purulent secretions, which is especially dangerous for the patient. If the catarrhal process in the patient notes only mucus and minor symptoms, when suppurative phase, the patient feels a significant deterioration of health.
If treatment is not received on time, despite the extensive achievements of pharmacology, the disease can lead to dangerous consequences. In this case, the patient to avoid surgical treatment, in which produce puncture in the maxillary sinus.
Puncture of the sinus allows you to purulent fluid and clear the nasal passages of accumulated mucus. So if ineffectiveness or incorrect treatment, this form becomes the only solution.
Prevention of sinusitis after a puncture
If the treatment of sinusitis were found to be incorrect or inconclusive, the patient, hold the puncture of the maxillary sinus. After surgery, the puncture heals within one month. In this period it is necessary to conduct additional treatment to accelerate the rehabilitation process.
What happens after a puncture
Immediately after surgery, the patient noted improvement in nasal breathing.
At this time some patients may appear the fever, and General malaise.
Temperature after puncture usually rises only at night, and its enhancement due to the presence of a small quantity of pus which may remain after the puncture.
To get rid of this symptom, the patient is prescribed medication. In the first week after surgery, the patient spends in the hospital, where the patient provide post-operative treatment. This helps to prevent the development of secondary inflammation or penetration of harmful organisms in the nasal cavity.
If in the first seven days of rehabilitation the patient feels unwell, treatment in hospital may be extended. Typically, the rehabilitation course lasts about a month, but in this case it can more than eight weeks.
To avoid the relapse of inflammation should try to lead an active lifestyle and monitor their health.
Treatment after a puncture
After surgery, the patient will receive drug treatment. Wondering how to treat a sinus infection after a puncture, it is necessary to obtain a comprehensive consultation from the physician, because in each case assigned different drugs.
However, there is a General scheme of treatment which is indicated for puncture without complications.
- At the elevated temperature of the body is necessary to use the combined drops. The temperature rises due to residual pus in the cavity. You can display them with drops Polideksa and Izofra.
- If the fever is accompanied by painful sensations and aching muscles, the patient is prescribed Nise, Paracetamol, Nurofen.
- In the case of severe symptoms after surgery, the doctor can prescribe broad-spectrum antibiotics, Ospen, Penicillin, Panodil.
- To reduce inflammation and relieve nasal congestion after puncture of the maxillary sinus is necessary to use the vasoconstrictor nasal drops or sprays – Nazivin, Otrivin, Naphazoline. They will contribute to the excretion of the mucous secretions and improve breathing.
- In addition, in the course of treatment includes daily washing of the sinuses with antiseptic. It is best to use the Phrase, Dolphin, Delanos and others.
- When rehabilitation is needed daily to moisturize the mucous cavity. Use drops of essential oils.
After the operation it is necessary to strengthen the immune system and to adhere to all instructions of the doctor. Proper treatment will help avoid complications and repeat inflammation. In addition, try to avoid hypothermia, dress for the weather and get plenty of rest.
Postoperative exposure of the patient waiting for approximately four weeks of rehabilitation. At this time, it is important to follow all doctor’s advices and not to forget to take drugs. Watch your diet and don’t break the dosing of medicines.
If you feel unwell or prolonged nasal congestion you must pass an inspection at the ENT.