Nasal congestion and heaviness in the ear — causes, treatment
The causes of heaviness and congestion in the ears
As you know, the ears are closely connected with the nose and throat — any change in one of the ENT organs very often cast a shadow on the other. That is why colds and also other diseases involving the inflammatory process, the patient feels a heaviness or congestion in the ears as a complication. And if you deal with such a manifestation of cold today can be relatively simple, stuffy and heaviness in the ear (sometimes both at once) for no apparent reason is a real problem.
Indeed, the reasons for the occurrence of phantom sounds, feeling of stuffiness and heaviness in the ears there are a huge number. The fastest way to find the source of problems with such an unpleasant symptom is to go to the doctor-the otolaryngologist.
Heaviness in the ear — causes
Trying to determine the cause of hearing loss, the emergence of feelings of stuffiness and heaviness in the ears, it is important to pay attention to their health in General.
The fact that the most common cause of such ailments are colds, SARS, ENT diseases that almost never occur in a patient without symptoms.
If such diseases are, then to eliminate in the first place, you should not stuffy and heaviness in the ears, and provoking these symptoms.The main causes of heaviness in the ear which are most frequently encountered by otolaryngologists:
- Infectious diseases (scarlet fever, influenza, measles, meningococcal infection, etc.);
- The inflammatory process in the nasal mucosa (rhinitis, sinusitis and other diseases);
- The outer, middle or inner ear inflammation (otitis, complications in the form of sepsis);
- The emergence of cerumen in the ears;
- Swelling of the Eustachian (auditory) tube.
In addition, there are reasons that a patient without a professional medical examination could not identify. Among them:
- curvature (even small) of the nasal septum due to trauma;
- getting in the inner or middle ear foreign object, insect;
- allergic reaction;
- the loss of auditory tube, middle and inner ear disease-causing fungi;
- ischemia, jumps in blood pressure, poor circulation.
In fact, with all of the above reasons, a patient may feel stuffy and heavy.
Even the most trivial contact with water when bathing, mechanical damage to the ear canal when the wrong Shoe can be the root causes of discomfort.
Heaviness in the ears with a cold — not uncommon. Very often it may disturb with excessive runny nose or severe cough: wrong otsyrevanie, sneezing and coughing contribute to getting infections in the Eustachian (auditory) tube opens into the nasopharynx.
As a result, the Eustachian tube becomes stagnant liquid, rich in pathogenic microorganisms the patient might initially feel stuffy and heaviness in the ear, but if untreated it can lead to the development of otitis media.
Important! ENT doctor, in addition to conventional otoscopy (a visual inspection), may also appoint an audiogram, timpanometry, x-ray or even MRI of the temporal region.
In older patients the occurrence of phantom sounds (noise, ringing) cannot be excluded as a result of natural processes — for example, tinnitus arising from age-related weakening of the hearing aid.
It also causes unpleasant sensations in the ears applies a relatively rare disease, Meniere’s syndrome, which accumulates in the inner ear endolymph.
In cases where the inner ear is affected, this disease, a person, other than the feeling of stuffiness and heaviness, worse maintaining balance and orientation in space.
Catarrhal heaviness in the ear
Fortunately, the majority of patients experience heaviness in the ears during colds or due to one of the types of otitis media.
This means that the fight against such an unpleasant symptom promises to be a fast and effective modern drugs are able to kill pathogenic viruses of these groups in a matter of days:
- Vasoconstrictor drops. Various drugs of this group during a cold will help the mucous membranes, to remove from them superfluous swelling.
- Antihistamines. These drugs are indicated for colds, as the integrated drug treatment is a serious burden for the body — drugs «unload» the liver and kidneys and also prevent the occurrence of allergies, the result of which is often a feeling of stuffiness of the ears.
Under normal colds congestion does not need special care. The exceptions are complicated cases, when severe cold is treated by warming up.
However, often its effectiveness in these situations demonstrate «grandmother’s recipes»:
- exercises. Mild congestion will likely help to relieve frequent swallowing of saliva — this method is recommended to use during air travel. In particular, it is recommended to clamp both nostrils with your fingers and (most importantly — do not overdo) try to blow out air. After a «click» in the ears, you need to stop several times to swallow saliva;
- the warm compresses. To relieve the burden of able warm compresses: a cotton pad (sponge or gauze) soaked in warm normal water. This compress can be briefly applied to the ear, but only when the patient is convinced that in ears there is no inflammation — some types of otitis media can not «warm»;
- oil turundy. Another way is a shallow introduction turundae (thin cotton wicks), soaked in warm olive oil. This method is not recommended to a medical examination, as turundy can have the opposite effect: an oily environment is beneficial for breeding of bacteria, and in some diseases — contraindicated at all.
Important! Sometimes when the severity and congestion your doctor may also prescribe vitovec or salt solutions. Apply these drugs must, after consultation with the doctor-the otolaryngologist, since under normal colds it may be a waste of time and money.
The heaviness due to cerumen
The second most popular cause of discomfort in the ears is the aural pollution of the ear canal.
It is important to understand that this situation is natural, because the sulfur is released from glands located in the cartilage of the external auditory canal.
With the hard work of these glands may occur seal of earwax in that part of the auditory canal, where its extraction is as a result of natural processes and ear cleaning is difficult — near the tympanic membrane.
Treatment of waxy build-up as such does not require — in these cases it all comes down to removal of accumulated secretions. To date, the doctor may choose one of three methods of removing the plugs:
- Curettage. During this simple operation inserted into the ear curette — a metal device that serves as an ear probe. The essence of the procedure is reduced to scraping accumulated wax from hard to reach areas.
- Washing. The procedure is also quite simple: a syringe Janet climbs saline solution (sometimes with clean, warm water) from which the accumulated sulfur is removed from the ear canal under pressure.
- Aspiration. This method involves the use of special pumps. This method is applicable if sulfur accumulated in the ear is not turned into a hardened, highly compact mass is its consistency to the effectiveness of this procedure needs to be soft enough.
However, the easiest way of removing accumulated sulphuric masses from the ear is rinsing with hydrogen peroxide or soda solution.
The whole procedure boils down to the fact that a few drops of 3% peroxide into the ear so that the ear of the patient «looked» up. After a few minutes to turn head with ear down to out of it emerged a peroxide.
Contamination removed with cotton swabs, and excess moisture from the ear — tips (cotton wicks).
Important! To remove the sulfuric stopper can be at home, but this method has a number of contraindications, so it can be used only when the patient is convinced that the cause of «ear anxiety» is just a tube, not any disease.
Thus, the severity and stuffy ears sometimes do require inspection otolaryngologist. However, if such feelings arise rarely and for no apparent reason, the reasons for concern from the perspective of Laura, most likely, do not exist.
If unpleasant sensations accompany the patient on your own, it could be a symptom of some diseases, need to be put off with medication and sometimes surgical intervention of a doctor.