Nasal drops for children under one year of runny nose and snot
What are nasal drops for children under one year?
A runny nose is a common symptom, frequent colds, the flu, allergies and respiratory diseases. According to statistics, rhinitis at least once a concerned adult. And in children, especially infants, this symptom appears more often. And the downside is that many of the drugs used for the treatment of rhinitis in adults, the child is contraindicated.
However, today in the pharmacy you can buy special tools for the common cold for infants. But use them sparingly and only for medical purpose. In addition, it is important to know the reason the child from his nose snot flowing. So before you treat the baby, you must be familiar with the characteristics of rhinitis in children.
Causes and symptoms
When nasal fluid is released – this indicates that activated a defensive reaction, which of the breathing on excreted pathogens, allergens or particles of substances that prevent breathing.
This phenomenon is common in babies because their immune system has not yet formed, and the nasal mucosa is extremely sensitive, allowing viruses and bacteria easier to overcome the natural barrier and enter the body.
Leading causes of snot in the child:
- Allergies. Is caused by substances irritating the mucous membranes of the respiratory organ (dust, hair, pollen, plants, medications).
- Infection. It occurs when the nose penetrate bacteria or viruses.
- Of vascular pathology. Contribute to the emergence of vasomotor rhinitis.
Important! From babies up to a year to adapt to the new living conditions often there is a physiological rhinitis. It is important to distinguish this condition from other diseases because it does not require treatment.
The main feature of children’s runny nose is a nasal discharge. Also, it is often accompanied by other symptoms:
- fever (often low grade);
- restless sleep;
- the rejection of breast or bottle, the constant breaks between sotaniemi;
- the kid keeps touching the nose;
- shortness of breath and difficulty breathing.
If discharge from the nose are due to Allergy, the patient blush, eyes, he often sneezes and scratches his nose. Once the cause of the common cold has been established, should be chosen for the child is effective and safe drops.
Not to be mistaken in the choice of parents is to study in detail modern cure rhinitis for children.
List of drops from a cold for an infant
All proceeds from rhinitis for children under one year are divided into several types:
- Narrowing the blood vessels. Eliminate congestion through sivane vessels. A popular drug from this group – Nazol Baby.
- Moisturizing. Eliminate dryness of the nasal mucosa. Most often in the products is sea water. Popular nose drops for kids is Aqualor Baby, Baby Otrivin, Aqua Maris.
- Antiviral. Contain protein structures, neposkytuje the virus to multiply. In the treatment of viral rhinitis in children is often used Alfarona.
- Antiseptic and antimicrobial. Destroying the bacterial flora. These include the Protargol.
- Anti-allergic. Eliminates swelling, itching and irritations. To such belongs drugs At all.
Attention! In the treatment of children under one year, use only a drop from the nozzle, sprays to apply is prohibited, since the nasal passages of the child not yet fully formed.
Nazol Bebi is a popular nose drops for children from the cold. The active ingredient of the drug is phenylephrine. Medicine reduces swelling, and makes breathing easier. It is used in allergies, viral respiratory infections, flu and colds.
Tool permitted to use immediately after birth. The nose is instilled 1 drop 4 times a day.
However Nazol Bebi, you cannot apply more than 3 days. If the kid has diabetes mellitus, disorders in cardiovascular activity and hypersensitivity to phenylephrine drug use is prohibited.
Consider the most popular.
Are composed of an isotonic salt solution. Its pH level is close to the natural environment of the liquid secreted by the nasal mucosa.
It is a cure for the common cold cleanses and moisturizes the respiratory cavity of the body and relieves congestion. Therefore, the drug is indicated for colds and allergies. In each nostril instill 2-4 drops, the frequency of the procedure is determined by a physician.
Important! Before burying the child needs to wash the nose that will help clear the respiratory organ and to improve the digestibility of the drug.
Aqualor Baby one more means which is used to relieve inflammation, raise local immunity, cleanse and moisturize the nasal mucosa in babies from birth.
Part medications is sterile water of the Adriatic sea, full of lots of useful microliths.
Indications for use:
- hygiene of the nose;
- SARS, sinusitis, adenoids, and the flu.
In each bottle of drops contains 15 ml of product. One drop of medicine instilled into each nostril up to 4 times a day. Due to the natural composition of the drug can be used for a long time from the first days of a child’s life.
Aqua Maris is another tool included a list of children’s nose drops. The drug is an analogue of the Phrase. Drops possess a number of therapeutic effects:
- recovery of the nasal mucosa;
- activation of the local immunity;
- normalization of mucociliary clearance;
- stimulation of the functions of ciliated epithelium;
- improving the discharge of mucous secretions;
- removal of edema;
- eliminate inflammation;
- elimination of pathogenic microorganisms.
Aqua Maris is better to dig into the baby’s nose with 7 months with adenoiditis, inflammatory and infectious processes, after carrying out the operations in the respiratory organs, in the drying of mucous and other types of rhinitis.
Two drops drip in each nostril up to three times a day. Often, the medication is well tolerated, but occasionally the child may experience an allergic reaction.
In viral rhinitis use drops on the basis of human interferon. One such remedy is Alfarona providing antiviral, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and immune-stimulating effect.
Medication is prescribed for the initial stage of development of influenza and SARS. Contraindications – severe Allergy and intolerance ingredients. How to apply 2 drops in each nostril 3 times a day.
Effective for bacterial rhinitis is the Protargol silver-based.
It is used in sinusitis, purulent rhinitis and complicated varieties of the common cold.
The drug protects the mucosa of the nose, constricts blood vessels and prevents the microbes to multiply in the cavity of the respiratory organ.
Drops are available in the form of a powder, which is diluted with clean water before use. In the treatment of snot from the child to apply the one percent solution.
Before using the Protargol should ensure that the child is not allergic to its components. The procedure for backfilling is best done when the baby is lying on his back twice a day, entering into each nostril 1 drop. The duration of therapy up to seven days.
Often with rhinitis caused by allergens, use Vibrocil, which also belong to the category of vasoconstrictor drugs. It is a combined preparation on the basis of dimetindene (relieves Allergy symptoms) and fenilafrina (constricts blood vessels).
Children under one year in each nostril instill 1 drop before feeding 2 times a day. It is worth remembering that the use of the drops more than one week will lead to habituation, causing the body will cease to fight pathogens disease.
As you can see, despite the fact that babies under one year is contraindicated with many medicines, there is a list of relatively safe drugs are allowed to be used for the treatment of rhinitis.
However, many of them effective only at the initial stage of the disease, so it is important at the onset of secretions from the nose immediately contact the doctor, who finds out the cause of the disease and select the best form of droplets, which quickly and painlessly restore nasal breathing in a child.