Nasal drops Xylometazoline: instructions for use
How to take nasal drops Xylometazoline?
Xylometazoline is a tool that helps patients to cope with nasal congestion. During the treatment the patient’s nasal breathing is restored.
The risk of side effects is minimal, as the solution does not enter the bloodstream of the patient. The components of the drugs act fast enough. After a few minutes the patient can breathe freely through the nose.
The active substance is of Xylometazoline hydrochloride. As auxiliary components are used:
- Benzalkonium chloride, which is able to integrate into the cell membrane of pathogenic microorganisms. It has a strong bactericidal action.
- Sodium chloride is used to dissolve drugs.
- Potassium dihydrogen phosphate prevents the development of inflammatory processes that occur with a cold.
The tool is a transparent solution that has a bitter taste.
At the pharmacy you can find several forms of the drug:
- The spray is packaged in bottles, which for convenience are equipped with dispensers.
- Drops contains about 0.1% Xylometazoline hydrochloride. To help toddlers up to years of use drops with a reduced content of active substance (0,05%).
- Gel can be used to help nasal congestion in adults.
Xylometazoline doctors prescribe to patients suffering from the following diseases:
- In allergic rhinitis, occur in the acute form.
- Patients suffering from hay fever because of allergies to certain substances.
- Patients with colds, which lead to severe nasal congestion.
- When sinusitis accompanied by severe edema of the mucous nasopharynx.
In contact with the solution on the surface of the mucous membranes of the nose starts the binding of the active substance alpha-adrenergic receptors. They are in the blood vessels. With Xylometazoline hydrochloride, a narrowing of capillaries.
This impact stops the disease process and restores nasal breathing. Moreover, positive treatment outcomes can be noticed within 5 minutes after instillation.
Ulchsheniya the patient’s condition is due to the elimination of edema mucous. The duration of the tools depends on the shape of release.
After that there is the separation of active substance from the receptor. Vessels expand and the patient had again drops the nose. In the treatment process, it is necessary to consider that with time loses its effectiveness.
This is due to the fact that the body adapts to the effects of Xylometazoline hydrochloride. To restore the sensitivity of the mucous membranes of the nose to the drops you need to take breaks for a few days. Excess doses may complicate further treatment of the patient. This increases the risk of side effects.
Xylometazoline cannot be used in the treatment of patients with atrophic form of rhinitis. The drug is contraindicated in patients with cardiac arrhythmias, atherosclerosis or hyperthyroidism.
Doctors do not recommend taking the drops after surgery. The drug contributes to high blood pressure. Experts forbid you to drip into the nose the Xylometazoline people suffering from glaucoma.
Doctors prescribe Xylometazoline for children from the cold in the form of drops, spray or gel.
Parents in drug treatment need to consider the age of the child.
In the treatment of babies up to a year, it is recommended to use a droplet with a reduced concentration of the active substance (0,05%).
Solutions containing 0.1% Xylometazoline hydrochloride, can harm infants. Long-term use of the drug makes people addictive. In the treatment process, be sure to take breaks for a few days.
During the course of treatment with Xylometazoline should not take antidepressants.
How to take Xylometazoline
To avoid adverse reactions in the treatment of children under 2 years need to align the frequency of instillation of drops with your doctor. The solution is administered into each nasal sinus 1 drop. The contents of Xylometazoline hydrochloride drops should not be more than 0.05%. This will help to avoid serious complications.
To treat children up to 6 years can use a spray or drops. The dosage is determined by your doctor based on the severity of the disease and the patient’s age.
The tube is 5 grams of a viscous material. Experts advise to use gel in the case when in a nose are formed dry crusts. The drug softens the purulent crusts and facilitates their separation from mucosal surfaces.
Important! Due to the high concentration of active substance in the gel cannot be used in the treatment of babies up to a year.
Nasal spray Xylometazoline produced in the form of bottles which have a volume 10 or 20 ml. Special nozzle, the dispenser facilitates the use of the drug. Using the spray can to cover a large area of the nasopharynx. Microparticles of the funds fall even in hard to reach places for drops.
A nasal spray intended to treat adult patients. The duration of treatment should not be more than 5 days. The tool should be injected into each nostril 2-3 times a day.
Instructions for use of straw in the nose the Xylometazoline helps patients quickly get rid of unpleasant symptoms.
They can be used for treatment of children older than one year. The solution instilled into the nose directly from the bottle for the administration of funds in the sinuses that patients don’t have to look for pipettes.
The drug has to be instilled 2-3 drops 2-3 times a day.
Before the instillation of the solution the patient should take a recumbent position. Fluid can enter and sitting on a chair. But you need to first tilt the head to prevent dripping of the drops.
In acute rhinitis it produces a large amount of mucus. To improve the efficiency drops it is possible if to clear the nose from the accumulated pus.
Before using the gel you need to remove the bottle cap. After that, press the pump repeatedly until the viscous liquid. Insert the tip into the nasal sinus and depress pump. The same manipulations were carried out for the other nostril.
Important! Nasal congestion can be felt on only one side of the nose. However, the tool still need to enter in both sinuses. In the treatment process will occur reflex vasodilatation on the side not treated with the drug.
How to store the drug
Xylometazoline in the form of droplets retains its medicinal properties for 2 years.
The spray can be used for 3 years.
The bottles with the drug should be stored in dark place at room temperature.
Xylometazoline is a drug which has a strong vasoconstrictor action. It comes in the form of a spray, gel and drops. The solution instantly penetrates to the surface of the mucous membranes of the nose.
After a few minutes the patient may feel an improvement in their condition. However, Xylometazoline is addictive. The remedy cannot be taken without interruption for more than 5 days.
For treatment of babies up to a year is necessary to use solutions with a reduced concentration of the active component. Overdose can lead to atrophic changes of the mucosa.
Xylometazoline can cause arrhythmia, confusion. The remedy is contraindicated in patients suffering from glaucoma, as it increases the pressure.