Nasal spray for children from the cold: a good vasoconstrictor
What are the sprays for the common cold for children exist?
Rhinitis is a signal on the inflammatory process, when the mucosa of the nose, trying to bring the body of viruses, bacteria, allergen or other triggers. At this time patients feel stuffy nose, lack of nasal breathing, swelling of the mucous cavities, fever and other symptoms. Get rid of the symptom and cure the disease using various medicines.
Patients often resort to vasoconstrictor drugs and local nasal means. Regardless of the form of the drug, it needs to restore the function of the upper airway and improve nasal breathing. But not all medicines are suitable for adults are also effective in the treatment of children. Therefore, we analyze the question of which spray from the common cold for children better, learn more.
Causes of runny nose
Rhinitis acts as a symptom of a cold or flu. Most often this inflammation is due to the frostbite or because of prolonged stay in the draft or under the air conditioner. In this case, to get rid of a cold snap. But not always, mucus appear for this reason.
Another common feature is the penetration of the child’s body of viruses and bacteria.
At this time, the nasal mucous membrane is greatly swollen, and appears a cold is trying to rid the nasal cavity from harmful organisms. But due to the immature immune system protective functions do not.
As a result, together with rhinitis at the kid body temperature rises, there is pain when swallowing, pain in the head, and other unpleasant symptoms.
Another cause of rhinitis is often an allergic reaction. Their appearance may be due to contact with Pets, dust, bloom, or a reaction to any products. To cure this form of cold is possible only after identification of precipitating factor.
Other causes of runny nose include trauma, congenital predisposition, the anatomy of the patient. In all cases the child’s treatment should be supervised by a children’s specialist.
Nasal sprays for the common cold for children
Usually after diagnosis of the baby, the specialist assigns a local spray means in the form of drops or sprays. They are for a very short time to restore the function of the mucous cavity, relieve swelling, and improve respiratory function.
Yourself to buy such kind of medicines is not necessary, as it is important to know all contraindications and side effects. So take a closer look at the question, what are good sprays for kids from the common cold and how to use them.
One of the most effective drugs for the treatment of rhinitis in children — Nazol Baby. This medication is designed to treat children from two months to two years.
The spray from the common cold for children under one year Nazol Bebi is one of the most harmless drugs.
The active ingredient of the drug is phenylephrine. It is safe for infants, so does the possibility of a drug for inflammation of the smallest patients.
The effect of the drug begins after five minutes after application, and the duration lasts up to six hours.
The course of treatment with this drug should not exceed three days, as it can provoke addiction. At the same time, despite the safety in the treatment of children, Nazol Baby can not be used in case of pregnancy or lactation. Other contraindications include:
- allergic reactions;
- in the case of severe forms of hypertension;
- in the case of rhythm disturbance;
- kidney failure;
- the disruption of the heart.
In other cases, the treatment should be done under strict medical supervision. Apply the drug is required in accordance with the permitted dosage.
- From the two months allowed the introduction of one drop three times a day.
- From one year you can enter no more than two drops up to four times per day.
- Children six years of age the dosage is increased from three to four drops once a day.
Before use carefully read the instructions for use.
Another well-known children’s drug – Naphazoline. This drug has gained much popularity, as it has a pronounced medicinal properties. Due to naphazoline, described as the main component of the drug, the drug operates three minutes after the instillation into the nose, and the effect lasts for four hours.
For this reason, Naphazoline must instill two drops every four hours.
The course of treatment should not be more than three days, as the drug has some contraindications.
Do not use Naphazoline in the treatment of children up to one year.
In addition, you can not use the tool in case of problems with the heart of a kid, atherosclerosis, hyperthyroidism, hypertension or a special sensitivity to naphazoline.
In the case of prescribing physician should apply the remedy three drops three times a day, and children ages twelve months to two years to use the drug should not more often two times a day.
For children from two years allowed the use of drops Tizin. Its active ingredient reduces the amount of mucosal secretions and normalize breathing. In addition, tetrizolin, part of the the medicine has vasoconstrictor and anti-edema effect.
Use the Glycine in the case of infectious rhinitis, and also in case of sinusitis, sinusitis, colds, tonsillitis and other ENT ailments. But before applying make sure that no allergic reactions on the active component of the drug, and also see contraindications.
This spray cannot be used in case of dry nasal mucosa or in the treatment of children under two years of age.
If drugs are wrong, you can cause redness, itching and burning sensation in the area of administration of the drug, and the increase in swelling and formation of painful sensations in the head.
In some cases, the Glycine can trigger increased sweating and changes in blood pressure.
To use the tool once every five hours. Before application it is necessary to clear nasal passages of mucus by rinsing, and then tilt the head back and enter the tool.
Another medication created specifically for babies — Aqualor Baby.
It does not contain harmful substances that can adversely affect the health of the baby.
Therefore this drug can be carried out not only cleanse the nasal cavity of accumulated mucus, but to use the drug to get rid of the infection.
Aqualor Baby consists only of sterile purified sea water, so it is harmless for children of very young age.
It is best to use this medication the common cold, SARS, influenza, and also in cases of acute rhinitis or chronic inflammation of the mucous membrane. In addition, physicians may prescribe this medication for otitis media, adenoiditis or sinusitis inflammation.
It is known that this medication has no contraindications or side effects, so it is recognized as one of the best remedies for the treatment of children.
To use the drug every day not more than three times.
For the treatment of young children, the pediatrician may prescribe At all. Part of this includes drug vasoconstrictor components, so to apply the remedy can be no more than three days.
In addition, the phenylephrine and the maleate dimetindene included in the composition of the drug, anti-inflammatory and anti-Allergy effect.
To apply the tool to two times a day, digging in the nasal passages of a baby not more than three drops of medication.
Previously, the nasal passages of the child must be cleaned with a decoction of herbs or specialized tools.
Experts note that the use of this medication can twelve months. With this age the dosage should be prescribed individually, but usually doctors prescribe the introduction of two drops. When older, the dosage can be increased to three drops.
Vasoconstrictor nasal spray for children At all should be used only after consultation with your doctor.
Spray against the common cold for children. is considered to be another harmless drug.
Its active ingredients narrow the blood vessels and have a rapid effect in acute rhinitis, sinusitis, or laryngitis.
In addition, You can apply for inflammation of Eustachian.
Before use, read the annotation and permitted dosage.
- In the treatment of children from one year are required to introduce three drops in each nostril once a day.
- To treat older children enough introduction four drops twice a day.
Keep in mind that the course of treatment should not last more than three days.
Among the side effects noted are nausea and discomfort in the mucous membrane of the nose. In rare cases, rash, and headache.
The most effective drug
Of all these medications, doctors give special preference to the two funds — Nazol Baby and Aqualor Baby. Considered that they are most safe for young children and capable in a very short time to eliminate the inflammation.
But, regardless of the choice of medication, it is important to follow all the rules of injecting funds into the nostrils and allowed to follow dosage. Before each introduction of the drug, doctors recommend oral hygiene of the nose and not to use the drug without the need or acute symptoms.
Treatment of infants or children twelve months should be supervised by the attending physician. Any independent use of medicines can adversely affect the health of the baby. Do not use the described means without prior consultation.