Naso-nasal spray: use the spray in pregnancy
Instruction manual Naso spray
When inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity it is necessary to take urgent measures. Even regular rhinitis may be the root cause of acute inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. As a result of complications of the common cold, the patient may appear sinusitis, otitis media, sinusitis or laryngitis. To avoid dangerous consequences of the patient is required to diagnose the disease and take medication.
If the patient is tormented by a prolonged runny nose, stuffy nasal passages, or allergic reactions to pollen, pet dander or flowering, the patient is administered Naso nasal spray. This medicine is safe for treatment of children and adults, as the composition does not contain aggressive components.
Naso spray – this drug, which includes Oxymetazoline. The active ingredient has a sympathomimetic effect, and reduces swelling inside the nasal cavity.
Drug can cause certain side effects. These include irritation and itching in the mucosa, as well as headaches, sleep disturbance, palpitations.
For reference! Oxymetazoline has several synonyms: atrazin, galazolin, Afrin.
In addition to Oxymetazoline, the solution contains Oxymetazoline hydrochloride. It is designed for the treatment of seasonal or perennial allergic rhinitis, infectious lesions of the upper respiratory tract, viral inflammation. In addition, Oxymetazoline hydrochloride-helps with acute or chronic sinusitis, Eustachian or in the case of hay fever.
Oxymetazoline hydrochloride is often used in ordinary or allergic conjunctiva, swelling of the mucous membrane, in case of conjunctivitis due to smoke, dust, strong winds, and so on.
The tool is produced in the form of a nasal spray of yellow tinge with a pungent odor. Naso spray enters the group of decongestant medicines, which are intended for local use. In addition to reducing swelling, the drug has effect on the blood vessels.
When you can use Naso spray
Narrowing the blood vessels, Naso spray stimulates the adrenergic receptors in the nervous system and normalizes the mucous membrane of the nose. Reducing congestion, the drug improves the flow of mucus and reduces the amount of mucous secretions. Thus, Naso spray restores nasal breathing and reduces nasal congestion.
In addition, the drug reduces the level of rinorea and eliminate swelling in the Eustachian tube. So the medicine can be used not only in acute respiratory diseases, but in the case of inflammation of the ear or of the Eustachian.
In addition, Naso spray is appointed in the following cases:
- seasonal allergic rhinitis;
- year-round allergic rhinitis;
- vasomotor rhinitis;
- to restore drainage;
- when inflammation of the maxillary.
- to eliminate the swelling before surgery;
- in the period of rehabilitation after operations in the nasal cavity.
After the introduction of the drug, the action begins fifteen minutes later. The duration of effect lasts up to ten hours.
Naso spray: instructions for use
Before applying drops, it is important to pay attention to the annotation and apply Naso spray to strictly follow the indicated dosages.
Keep in mind that the drug is prohibited for children up to six years.
- Adults and children over ten years is assigned to one dose in each nasal passage three times a day.
- Children from six years you can apply one injection twice a day.
The duration of treatment should not be higher than five days, but if symptoms of inflammation have gained dangerous consequences, the course may extend up to one week.
For reference! With the introduction of the Naso spray enter the nozzle of the bottle into the nose and sharply press down on the lid. During the introduction you should take a deep breath.
For treatment of toddlers, you can use Naso spray baby. It is indicated for use with twelve months to six years.
Naso spray baby is prescribed in the following doses:
- in the treatment of children aged one to three is assigned for one dose in each nasal passage twice a day;
- for children from three to six years is allowed for one injection three times a day.
Pre-the nose should be cleaned from the accumulation of mucus and dirt. To do this, rinse the nostrils specialized solutions or decoctions of herbs.
How to wash the nose will clarify here.
It should be clarified that the medication is not subject to systemic absorption. Through this action, the tool is deduced by kidneys and intestines almost unchanged.
It is impossible to apply the remedy in the case of certain restrictions. These include:
- special sensitivity to Oxymetazoline or additional substances of the drug;
- in atrophic rhinitis;
- in the case of the simultaneous reception Naso spray with inhibitors of monoamine oxidase, which can cause high blood pressure;
- when closed glaucoma;
- in the case of elevated intraocular pressure;
- on severe stages of the disease the heart and blood vessels;
- in the case of hypertension;
- hormone-active tumors of adrenal or extraadrenal chromaffin tissue;
- diabetes mellitus;
- in the case of chronic diseases of the thyroid gland, which causes an increase in the level of hormones in the blood.
In addition, the medication is strictly prohibited for the treatment of young children.
Do not use Naso spray for more than seven days, as there is a risk of overdose. Excessive use of a nasal feature may result in medicamentous rhinitis. How to cure this form of rhinitis can be found here.
Prolonged use of vasoconstrictor spray leads to a weakening of its action, so in the future, Naso spray may be ineffective. In addition, abuse can be the root cause of disorders of mucous membranes and hyperemia.
However, in special cases the patient can prescribe doses higher than recommended. This is necessary when the risk of transition of rhinitis in chronic phase.
If you violate the rules of reception of the spray, the patient develops pronounced symptoms of overdose. These include the manifestation of the following factors:
- nausea and vomiting;
- contraction of the pupils;
- the change in body temperature;
- blue discoloration of the mucous membranes and the skin;
- the increase in the concentration of hemoglobin in the blood;
- painful heart palpitations;
- the disruptions in heart beat;
- sharp sudden cardiovascular failure;
- loss of consciousness;
- vascular insufficiency;
- arterial hypertension;
- high blood pressure;
- respiratory failure;
- pulmonary edema.
In addition, the patient may receive a violation of the nervous system. Usually at this time, patients complain of drowsiness, severe decrease in body temperature and fatigue.
Treatment of overdose involves gastric lavage and lung ventilation. Independently these procedures is not carried out, so call the team «Ambulance». While waiting for the medics, take activated charcoal.
Among the main manifestations of the adverse effects noted severe burning and itching in the mucosa. In addition, patients complain of dryness of the mucosa of the nose and frequent sneezing. Other adverse symptoms include:
- strong congestion in the nasal passages;
- acceleration of the pulse;
- high blood pressure;
- loss of sleep;
- pain in the head and temples.
Frequent use of spray can lead to the depletion of the mucous membrane or medical cold.
Use during pregnancy
Naso spray is strictly prohibited to use pregnant women, because the tool can cause a change in blood pressure.
Any change in blood pressure during gestation may be a pathological way to affect the baby’s health. Among the most dangerous effects are asphyxiation of the child, abnormal development or even death.
In addition, the spray should not be used in breastfeeding.
Naso spray is not recommended in conjunction with drugs that can cause high blood pressure. Therefore, among the contraindications include means MAO and antidepressants.
Store no longer than two years in a dark place, protected from light and high temperatures.