Night cough in adult: causes and how to treat coughing in the night
How to treat night cough in an adult?
Cough occurs as a natural protection of the upper respiratory tract. Clearing his throat, the patient cleans the bronchi and the mucous membrane of the pharynx by pathogenic microorganisms, dust particles and dirt, and various allergens. In addition, such a process may appear as a result of a viral or infectious inflammation. Additional causes itching and discomfort in the throat include sudden penetration of foreign objects.
If the cough comes on suddenly, for example, at night, you should not be afraid. In most cases, this process occurs due to inhalation of certain irritants that are found in the environment. But if the cough lasts more than weeks, you should undergo a diagnosis as a process indicates a serious infection of the respiratory system. Treatment for severe coughing in the night, the adult should act as quickly as possible, otherwise there is a risk of formation of chronic forms of the disease. To determine the cause of seizures in the night and know for sure than to treat night cough, read this material.
Causes of coughing at night in an adult
If the patient appeared in nature, dry, exhausting or productive cough, it is important to determine its cause. Thanks to the quick diagnostics, you can predict the number of complications to restore the function of the nasopharynx and bronchial tubes in a matter of days. If the inflammation of the respiratory system to ignore or accept the wrong medication, there is a risk of developing a chronic cough that takes the patient a lot of unpleasant moments.
It is especially important to determine why the cough occurs only at night. This symptom disturbs the patient’s sleep, causing irritability, fatigue, loss of function and other symptoms that impair quality of life.
Among the most frequent causes of night cough include viral infectious or inflammatory processes in the respiratory tract. A cold or flu, the cough may not occur during the day, but with dual power to emerge in the evening or at night.
Interesting! Often a cough in an adult with infectious lesions of the respiratory system occur at night. Especially often this symptom is manifested in the very initial phase of inflammation.
In addition, patients reported education weakness, muscle pain, drowsiness, constant fatigue, pain, and rhinitis. In some cases, patients may have enlarged lymph nodes.
How to cure a runny nose can be found in this article.
Among the most common inflammation, from which there is night cough, include the following types of ailments:
- inflammation of the maxillary sinuses;
- acute sinusitis or chronic rhinosinusitis;
- inflammation in the lungs or bronchi;
- inflammatory disease in the mucosa of the lungs and bronchial tree;
- Acute respiratory infections or influenza;
- complications of the flu or a cold.
In these cases, the cough can occur with increased body temperature. In particular, strong temperature changes observed in bacterial sinusitis or due to the rapid development of acute respiratory disease. In such cases the cough is usually dry and unproductive.
In the course of development of other diseases, patients complain of cough. At night it can disrupt sleep and cause serious difficulty in breathing when patients with difficulty otharkiwate accumulated mucus.
Cardiac asthma is a dangerous disease, in the course of which the patients complain of severe attacks of breathlessness and suffocation. Other symptoms include stagnation of blood in the pulmonary veins, which are formed due to dysfunction of the left heart. The cough at this time is one of the main symptoms.
Attacks tend to occur after heavy physical exertion or stress, or depression. At this time, increasing the inflow of blood to the lungs, causing a dry cough at night in an adult.
At this time the patient should provide quick help, since the patient suffers from asthma and severe shortness of breath. The patient fears for his life, which causes an increase in pressure. In extremely difficult cases there is swelling of the lungs, which causes death.
Important! At the first signs of cardiac asthma you need to call the team «Ambulance».
Another cause of night cough is a chronic inflammation that makes the Airways sensitive to stimuli. Allergens cause swelling and breathing problems. In addition, the patients reported attacks of breathlessness, accompanied by cough.
Often these symptoms are strong indications of suffocation.
The narrowing of the respiratory system is due to the particular sensitivity of respiratory system to allergens. The result of this process causes the formation of large amounts of viscous mucus, which does not allow you to skip the air.
Cough in this process, frequent and painful. It is worse at night, as well as after active sports or after prolonged contact with certain irritants.
Oddly enough, one of the most common causes of night cough consider parasitic diseases. The development of such a process is dangerous for the life of the patient as long-term dry cough only acts as one of the signs of the disease.
Parasites cause damage to tissues and organs, severe irritation of the receptors, bloating, pain in the intestinal tract and other symptoms. At this time, bouts of dry cough can last up to several months.
To determine the species of parasites and to start the treatment you need with the help of an experienced physician.
Cough before bed can occur as a result of allergic reactions of the patient. Stimulus can be pet dander, blooming, dust, mites, certain foods, linen, material, mattress, fungus and so on.
To determine the exact cause, you must use the doctor as the patient may be response to a single stimulus. After the installation of the type of allergen that must be addressed, and only then to start medication. The use of medication this will not lead to the expected result.
The cough allergic character can be accompanied by feeling of a foreign object. In most cases, the process is very dry and heavy. Often the cough causing sleep disturbance.
How to cure allergic cough find out here.
The cough can occur as the result of certain inflammation. The most frequent reasons include the destruction of the vocal cords, the various formations in the larynx or trachea, and inflammation of the pleura.
Other reasons include:
- whooping cough;
- dysfunction of the vascular system;
- hit in the throat a foreign body;
- swollen lymph nodes;
- cancer pathology of the respiratory system;
- tumors in the pleura;
- inflammation of the membrane;
- lung cancer;
- the accumulation of air or gas in the pleural cavity;
- acute or chronic inflammation of the pericardium;
- low back pain.
In addition, cough may occur due to improper location of the body or due to abrupt changes of temperature in the room.
The standard treatment
How to treat night cough in adults, it is important to determine with the help of a doctor. Independent action when the cough is not valid, because you can worsen the condition and cause of the disease.
As drug therapy appointed the following drugs:
- The use of non-narcotic antitussive drugs – «Glaube», «Pour», «Tusupreks».
- Effect on the cough receptors using drugs such as «Leoprint», «Libeksin».
- The use of combined preparations «Bronholitin», «Remens».
- Mucolytic drugs — «Bromhexine», «Ambroxol», «Acetylcysteine», «Carbocisteine».
- Expectorant drugs, «ACC», «Fluimucil», «Bronchosan», «Libeksin Muko», «FLOUKOR», «Fluditec».
- In case of allergic reactions are essential antihistamines – «Zodak», «Zyrtec», «Suprastin», «Ketotifen», «Effective», «Aerius», «Leisen».
For the treatment of asthma are appointed by the corticosteroids and monoclonal drugs.
If the cause of the inflammation is in benign or malignant tumors requires urgent surgical intervention.
Important! Therapy in any inflammatory processes of infectious nature should be discussed with a qualified doctor!
In order to facilitate the attacks it is necessary to ventilate the room before going to sleep, to wet cleaning and to get rid of items that accumulate dust. These include large soft toys, carpets, coats, pillows.
At sharp attack is not necessary to panic. You should stand and drink a glass of clean water. In addition, you can use decoctions of medicinal plants, and spend inhalations with essential oils of lavender, mint or eucalyptus.
Regular night little cough consult a doctor.